Volume 95. ICRP Publication 95: Doses to Infants from Ingestion of Radionuclides in Mother's Milk

1st Edition

  • Print ISBN 9780080446271

Table of Contents

ABSTRACT
GUEST EDITORIAL
PREFACE 5
EXECUTIVE SUMMARY 8
1. INTRODUCTION 17
BACKGROUND 17
Security of Radiation Sources 17
Radiation-Related Malevolence 18
AIM OF THE REPORT 19
INTENDED AUDIENCE 21
2. CHARACTERIZING THE SITUATION 22
POTENTIAL SCENARIOS 22
Threat 22
Initiators 23
Common Features 24
SPECIAL FEATURES 25
Location 25
Public Perception 25
Source Term Characterization 26
Covert Situations 26
Public Sentiment 27
Advance Warning 27
Criminal Investigation 28
Challenges 29
PLANNING 29
“All-hazard” Planning 30
Disaster Management 31
Medical Preparedness 31
Psychological Issues 32
Exercises 33
EXPOSURE 34
Quantification 34
Pathways 36
INITIAL REACTION 38
Reacting to an Explosion 38
Reacting to an IND 38
RESPONSE PHASES 39
Rescue and Early Actions 39
Recovery 40
Restoration 40
LINKS 40
3. POTENTIAL HEALTH EFFECTS ATTRIBUTABLE TO RADIATION EXPOSURE 42
BIOLOGICAL HEALTH EFFECTS 42
Deterministic effects 42
Stochastic effects 43
Prenatal exposure effects 43
Other issues with pregnant women and children 45
Special considerations for INDs 45
Summary of Biological Health Consequences 46
PSYCHOLOGICAL HEALTH EFFECTS 46
Distress 47
Fear of Cancer and other Health Effects attributable to Radiation 47
4. PROTECTING RESPONDERS 48
OCCUPATIONAL PROTECTION APPROACH 49
Occupational Dose Guidelines 50
OCCUPATIONAL PROTECTION TECHNIQUES 52
Managing Field Exposures 52
Protective Clothing 53
Respiratory Protection 54
5. PROTECTING THE PUBLIC 54
RESCUE PHASE (IMMEDIATE ACTIONS) 54
Controlling access and spread of contamination 55
Immediate care of people with traumatic injuries 56
Triage Dose Assessment 58
Psychological triage and disposition 59
Respiratory protection 60
RESCUE PHASE (URGENT ACTIONS) 60
Personal Decontamination 60
Sheltering 61
Evacuation 64
Iodine Prophylaxis 66

Details

No. of pages:
280
Language:
English
Copyright:
© 2004
Published:
Imprint:
Elsevier
Print ISBN:
9780080446271