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Purpose and Scope. Structure of the report.
Relevant Recommendations of the Commission.
Limits, constraints, and investigation levels. Objectives of monitoring. Types of individual monitoring programme. Need for a individual dose assessment.
Models to Represent the Intake, Transfer, and Excretion of Material.
Respiratory Tract Model. Deposition. Clearance. Gases and vapours. Model for Gastrointestinal Tract. Biokinetic Models for Systemic Activity. Model for strontium, radium, and uranium. Model for thorium, neptunium, plutonium, americium, and curium. Excretion Pathways.
Methods of Individual Monitoring.
In vivo measurements. Analysis of excreta and other biological materials. Air sampling. Quality assurance on measurements.
Need for monitoring programme. Routine monitoring. Special or task-related monitoring. Confirmatory monitoring. Wound monitoring. Monitoring after medical intervention.
Uncertainties on the Estimate of Intakes and Doses.
Data Given in the Annex.
Monitoring data for radionuclides. Quality assurance on the calculations.
Application of the Data.
Estimation of intake and dose. Addition of internal and external exposures. Secondary limits. Use of investigation levels. Mixtures of radionuclides.
References. Annex: Monitoring Data for Individual Radionuclides. Erratum.
- © 1999
- 6th October 1998
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