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Hydrogen Safety for Energy Applications - 1st Edition - ISBN: 9780128204924

Hydrogen Safety for Energy Applications

1st Edition

Engineering Design, Risk Assessment, and Codes and Standards

Editors: Alexei Kotchourko Thomas Jordan
Paperback ISBN: 9780128204924
Imprint: Butterworth-Heinemann
Published Date: 1st November 2021
Page Count: 400
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Hydrogen Safety for Energy Applications: Engineering Design, Risk Assessment, and Codes and Standards presents different aspects of contemporary knowledge regarding the hazards, risks and safety connected with hydrogen systems. Sections cover the main hydrogen technologies and explore the scientific aspects of possible sources and consequences of accidental events that can occur when hydrogen is used, including in its vehicular applications. Risk assessment, as well as the safety measures/safety barriers applicable in such situations are also considered. Finally, a short survey concerning legal aspects is presented.

Key Features

  • Provides factual material, such as models, correlations, tables, nomograms and formulas that can be used to perform evaluations and propose mitigation measures
  • Presents reference data and detailed descriptions and guidelines for contemporary risk assessment methodologies
  • Covers accident phenomena and consequences of accidents specific to hydrogen systems in a widely and applicable way for a wide variety of hydrogen activities


Engineering audience with advanced knowledge of related gaseous systems. Engineers engaged in developing safety regulations and permitting, those involved in designing industrial systems or hydrogen-related products, and those with responsibilities in risk management and mitigation. Academia: Graduate- or higher-level engineering students

Table of Contents

1. Hydrogen fundamentals
Physical Properties of Hydrogen
Chemical Properties of Hydrogen
Material Interaction Properties of Hydrogen
Main Characteristic Data of Hydrogen

2. Hydrogen Technologies
Hydrogen Today
Hydrogen Production Techniques
Hydrogen Transport Techniques
Hydrogen Applications
Hydrogen Systems Main Components
Hydrogen Systems Main Components
Industry Perspective

3. Phenomena Relevant to Accidents
Influence of Hydrogen on Material
Hydrogen Release
Hydrogen Dispersion
Hydrogen Ignition
Combustion of hydrogen
Transition from Deflagration to Detonation
Gas Fire

4. Accidental Consequences
Pressure Waves and Pressure Loads
Interaction of Blast Wave with Structure and Structural Response
Heat Radiation
Physiological Impact
Environmental Impact
Accident Influence on the Environment

5. Risk Assessment
Definitions and Risk Assessment Principles
Risk Assessment Methodologies
Accident Database, Failure Rate Database
Accident analysis
Modelling as a Tool for Quantitative Risk Assessment
Human Factors
Residual Risk and Social Perception of Hydrogen

6. Safety measures / Safety barriers
Safety Philosophy - Inherent Safety and Safety Barriers
Risk Perception
How to match safety performances and needs?
Prevention Measures
Safety Procedures and Training
Detection Measures
Mitigation Measures
Safety of Hydrogen Technologies: Examples

7. Legal Requirements, Standards, and other Codes
Global Agreements on Road Vehicles
Regulations - General
Major Hazard Directive
IPCC Directive
ATEX Directive
Machinery Directive
Equipment and Protective Systems ... Directive
Pressure Equipment Directive
Low Voltage Directive
Electromagnetic Compatibility Directive
Transport of Hazardous Goods
European Regulation for Hydrogen Vehicles
Recent Progress
List of some Useful Guidelines and Document


No. of pages:
© Butterworth-Heinemann 2022
1st November 2021
Paperback ISBN:

About the Editors

Alexei Kotchourko

A. Kotchourko is working in the field of nuclear and industrial safety since the mid-1980s. He has received his doctoral degree on chemical physics including physics of combustion and explosions in 1988 having a position in Russian national research center ‘Kurchatov Institute’. Currently he works in Karlsruhe Institute of Technology as staff scientist. He has published or presented more than 200 safety pertinent papers with the focus in numerical simulations of combustions and explosions. In 2009 - 2014, he was a member of Governing board and a Chair of Research Committee in International Association for Hydrogen Safety and in 2014 was an editor of ‘State of the art and research priorities in hydrogen safety’ report by European Commission.

Affiliations and Expertise

Staff Scientist, Karlsruhe Institute of Technology, Germany

Thomas Jordan

Thomas Jordan is a mechanical engineer who has worked in the fields of computational fluid dynamics, structural mechanics and coupled electromagnetics at the Forschungszentrum Karlsruhe since 1989. There he received his doctoral degree „Coupling of electromagnetics and structural dynamics in a fusion reactor blanket“ in 1994. Until 2001 he worked in the fields of plasma physics and continuum damage mechanics. He contributed to the working group for safety and environmental impact of fusion reactors group and was involved in the coordination of the EU fission reactor safety projects RPVSA and LISSAC. In 2001 he founded the spin-off optimiSE for process optimization via data mining in the semiconductor industries. In late 2003 he returned to the Forschungszentrum to coordinate the EC Network of Excellence HySafe and founded the International Association for Hydrogen Safety IA HySafe in 2009. Currently he is elected president of IA HySafe. Since 2005 he is member of the organising and scientific committee of the International Conference for Hydrogen Safety ICHS and is teaching “Hydrogen Technologies” at the Karlsruhe Institute of Technology KIT. Since 2009 he is heading the hydrogen group at the Institute for Nuclear and Energy Technologies and since 2012 visiting professor at the University of Ulster

Affiliations and Expertise

Head, Hydrogen Group, Institute for Nuclear and Energy Technologies and Visiting Professor, University of Ulster, Ireland

Ratings and Reviews