Hydrogen Safety for Energy Applications

Hydrogen Safety for Energy Applications

Engineering Design, Risk Assessment, and Codes and Standards

1st Edition - March 1, 2022
  • Editors: Alexei Kotchourko, Thomas Jordan
  • Paperback ISBN: 9780128204924

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Description

Hydrogen Safety for Energy Applications: Engineering Design, Risk Assessment, and Codes and Standards presents different aspects of contemporary knowledge regarding the hazards, risks and safety connected with hydrogen systems. Sections cover the main hydrogen technologies and explore the scientific aspects of possible sources and consequences of accidental events that can occur when hydrogen is used, including in its vehicular applications. Risk assessment, as well as the safety measures/safety barriers applicable in such situations are also considered. Finally, a short survey concerning legal aspects is presented.

Key Features

  • Provides factual material, such as models, correlations, tables, nomograms and formulas that can be used to perform evaluations and propose mitigation measures
  • Presents reference data and detailed descriptions and guidelines for contemporary risk assessment methodologies
  • Covers accident phenomena and consequences of accidents specific to hydrogen systems in a widely and applicable way for a wide variety of hydrogen activities

Readership

Engineering audience with advanced knowledge of related gaseous systems. Engineers engaged in developing safety regulations and permitting, those involved in designing industrial systems or hydrogen-related products, and those with responsibilities in risk management and mitigation. Academia: Graduate- or higher-level engineering students

Table of Contents

  • 1. Hydrogen fundamentals
    Introduction
    Physical Properties of Hydrogen
    Chemical Properties of Hydrogen
    Material Interaction Properties of Hydrogen
    Main Characteristic Data of Hydrogen

    2. Hydrogen Technologies
    Hydrogen Today
    Hydrogen Production Techniques
    Hydrogen Transport Techniques
    Hydrogen Applications
    Hydrogen Systems Main Components
    Hydrogen Systems Main Components
    Industry Perspective

    3. Phenomena Relevant to Accidents
    Influence of Hydrogen on Material
    Hydrogen Release
    Hydrogen Dispersion
    Hydrogen Ignition
    Combustion of hydrogen
    Deflagration
    Transition from Deflagration to Detonation
    Detonation
    Gas Fire

    4. Accidental Consequences
    Pressure Waves and Pressure Loads
    Interaction of Blast Wave with Structure and Structural Response
    Heat Radiation
    Physiological Impact
    Environmental Impact
    Accident Influence on the Environment

    5. Risk Assessment
    Definitions and Risk Assessment Principles
    Risk Assessment Methodologies
    Accident Database, Failure Rate Database
    Accident analysis
    Modelling as a Tool for Quantitative Risk Assessment
    Human Factors
    Residual Risk and Social Perception of Hydrogen

    6. Safety measures / Safety barriers
    Safety Philosophy - Inherent Safety and Safety Barriers
    Risk Perception
    How to match safety performances and needs?
    Maintenance
    Prevention Measures
    Safety Procedures and Training
    Detection Measures
    Mitigation Measures
    Safety of Hydrogen Technologies: Examples

    7. Legal Requirements, Standards, and other Codes
    Definitions
    Global Agreements on Road Vehicles
    Regulations - General
    Major Hazard Directive
    IPCC Directive
    ATEX Directive
    Machinery Directive
    Equipment and Protective Systems ... Directive
    Pressure Equipment Directive
    Low Voltage Directive
    Electromagnetic Compatibility Directive
    Transport of Hazardous Goods
    European Regulation for Hydrogen Vehicles
    Standards
    Recent Progress
    List of some Useful Guidelines and Document

Product details

  • No. of pages: 400
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Butterworth-Heinemann 2022
  • Published: March 1, 2022
  • Imprint: Butterworth-Heinemann
  • Paperback ISBN: 9780128204924

About the Editors

Alexei Kotchourko

A. Kotchourko is working in the field of nuclear and industrial safety since the mid-1980s. He has received his doctoral degree on chemical physics including physics of combustion and explosions in 1988 having a position in Russian national research center ‘Kurchatov Institute’. Currently he works in Karlsruhe Institute of Technology as staff scientist. He has published or presented more than 200 safety pertinent papers with the focus in numerical simulations of combustions and explosions. In 2009 - 2014, he was a member of Governing board and a Chair of Research Committee in International Association for Hydrogen Safety and in 2014 was an editor of ‘State of the art and research priorities in hydrogen safety’ report by European Commission.

Affiliations and Expertise

Staff Scientist, Karlsruhe Institute of Technology, Germany

Thomas Jordan

Thomas Jordan is a mechanical engineer who has worked in the fields of computational fluid dynamics, structural mechanics and coupled electromagnetics at the Forschungszentrum Karlsruhe since 1989. There he received his doctoral degree „Coupling of electromagnetics and structural dynamics in a fusion reactor blanket“ in 1994. Until 2001 he worked in the fields of plasma physics and continuum damage mechanics. He contributed to the working group for safety and environmental impact of fusion reactors group and was involved in the coordination of the EU fission reactor safety projects RPVSA and LISSAC. In 2001 he founded the spin-off optimiSE for process optimization via data mining in the semiconductor industries. In late 2003 he returned to the Forschungszentrum to coordinate the EC Network of Excellence HySafe and founded the International Association for Hydrogen Safety IA HySafe in 2009. Currently he is elected president of IA HySafe. Since 2005 he is member of the organising and scientific committee of the International Conference for Hydrogen Safety ICHS and is teaching “Hydrogen Technologies” at the Karlsruhe Institute of Technology KIT. Since 2009 he is heading the hydrogen group at the Institute for Nuclear and Energy Technologies and since 2012 visiting professor at the University of Ulster

Affiliations and Expertise

Head, Hydrogen Group, Institute for Nuclear and Energy Technologies and Visiting Professor, University of Ulster, Ireland