Hydrogen Embrittlement Theory and Prevention of Hydrogen Damage in Metals and Alloys

Hydrogen Embrittlement Theory and Prevention of Hydrogen Damage in Metals and Alloys

1st Edition - February 1, 2023

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  • Authors: Branko Popov, Milos Djukic
  • Paperback ISBN: 9780128198568

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Hydrogen evolution and permeation are encountered during electroplating, corrosion, and cathodic protection. Hydrogen accumulates in areas of high stress and may reach a critical concentration, potentially causing fractures and catastrophic damage. Hydrogen Embrittlement Theory and Prevention of Hydrogen Damage in Metals and Alloys explores the theory of hydrogen permeation in metals and alloys, hydrogen embrittlement, stress corrosion cracking, and passivity materials selection as well as electrochemical and non-electrochemical methods for prevention of hydrogen-induced damage. Our goal is to help the next generation of engineers and scientists (i) understand the theory of hydrogen embrittlement and stress corrosion cracking as wells as hydrogen damage prevention strategies, (ii) design models for developing hydrogen damage-resistant alloys, and (iii) prevent damage of different industrial components due to the presence and localization of hydrogen in metals. To accomplish these objectives, the book offers case studies of hydrogen permeation, hydrogen embrittlement, mechanical properties of alloys, hydrogen damage control, and solved problems (with solutions) for the topics covered in the book. The book is self-containing and targets also senior graduate university corrosion engineering courses. The senior undergraduate students have the necessary mathematical exposure and ability to follow the subject. The book is useful for undergraduate corrosion courses taught in chemical, electrochemical, mechanical engineering, chemistry, metallurgy, and material science and will serve as references for individual study.

Key Features

  • Provides a comprehensive explanation on hydrogen permeation, hydrogen embrittlement, and hydrogen-induced stress corrosion cracking, creating difficulties in development of efficient strategies to preventing different types of hydrogen damage in metals and alloys
  • Prepares the next generation of materials scientists, chemical engineers, and mechanical engineers to advance the hydrogen damage prevention strategies to a higher level and to develop advanced alloys resistant to hydrogen embrittlement and hydrogen-induced damage
  • Discusses hydrogen-induced damage and hydrogen embrittlement mechanisms and the electrochemical and non-electrochemical prevention strategies as well as design of alloys resistive to hydrogen adsorption and embrittlement
  • Includes solved case studies, corrosion analysis, and solved problems designed to help the reader to understand the fundamental principles from thermodynamics and electrochemical kinetics
  • the chapters in the book are updated with data published in papers and reviews in the last 20 years, including the latest research and results


Graduate students, corrosion engineers, and scientists in electrochemical corrosion, mechanical and civil engineering, and materials science attending the University Programs; Engineers in various industries, including energy, nuclear, defence, and aviation as well as mechanical, chemical, metallurgy, civil and construction engineers

Table of Contents

  • 1. Basic Electrochemical Models and Experimental Determination of Hydrogen Permeation Parameters
    2. Solid Solutions and Hydrogen Trapping
    3. Hydrogen and Lattice Defects
    4. Hydrogen Effects on Mechanical Properties and Manifestation of Hydrogen Embrittlement
    5. Important Factors That Control Hydrogen Embrittlement
    6. Hydrogen Embrittlement Mechanisms and Models
    7. The Coexistence of Hydrogen Embrittlement Mechanisms and the Modern Modelling and Experimental Techniques
    8. Mechanical and Electrochemical Aspects of Hydride-Induced Embrittlement Mechanism
    9. Hydrogen-Induced Damage and Hydrogen Embrittlement in Metals and Alloys
    10. Evaluation of Failures Due to Hydrogen in Metals and Alloys
    11. Preventing Hydrogen Damage in Metal and Alloys

Product details

  • No. of pages: 362
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Elsevier 2023
  • Published: February 1, 2023
  • Imprint: Elsevier
  • Paperback ISBN: 9780128198568

About the Authors

Branko Popov

Prof. Branko N. Popov is among the world’s highly cited researchers for the year 2014, based on the Thomson Reuters (http://highlycited.com) report. Highly Cited Researchers 2014 represents some of world’s leading scientific minds. Over three thousand researchers earned the distinction by writing the greatest numbers of reports officially designated by Essential Science Indicators as Highly Cited Papers-ranking among the top 1% most cited for their subject field and year of publication, earning them the mark of exceptional impact.

Prof. Popov's current position at University of South Carolina is Carolina Distinguished Professor and Director of the Centre for Electrochemical Engineering. He has established at USC an internationally recognized research program in corrosion and electrochemical engineering. In the last four years, his work at University of South Carolina led to research grants of $10M from the government and industry. During his seventeen years of service at USC and as the Director of the Centre for Electrochemical engineering, his research group has published 220 peer-reviewed articles, 52 proceeding volume articles, and 13 book chapters. His research group presented more than 220 conference papers on the National and International Conferences organized globally.

Affiliations and Expertise

Carolina Distinguished Professor and Director of the Center for Electrochemical Engineering, University of South Carolina, Columbia, SC, USA

Milos Djukic

Dr. Djukic is an Associate Professor in the Department of Engineering Materials and Welding & Welding and Welded Structures Module at University of Belgrade, Faculty of Mechanical Engineering, Belgrade, Serbia and Lecturer at the International Welding Engineers (IWE) course at University of Belgrade, Faculty of Mechanical Engineering as an IIW ATB in Serbia. He is a specialist in the field of materials science and engineering, corrosion science and engineering; and hydrogen degradation of metallic materials. He has more than 20 years of teaching and research experience and is the author/co-author of 3 books, 5 book chapters, and 41 refereed technical papers, 112 papers published in the proceeding, and ~ 150 studies, reviews, reports and expertise for industrial partners. The last book chapter (co-authored with Dr. Popov and Dr. Lee), entitled: “Chapter 7 - Hydrogen Permeation and Hydrogen-Induced Cracking” in the “Handbook of Environmental Degradation of Materials” was published by Elsevier in 2018. He presented more than 70 conference papers on the National and International Conferences organized globally. He is a Keynote Speaker on the “Materials Science and Engineering (MSE) 2018 Conference”, “Environmentally assisted cracking of high-strength alloys Symposium”, and he was also an Invited Speaker in the field of hydrogen embrittlement on the “13th International Conference on Diffusion in Solids and Liquids, DSL 2017“, and on the “CORROSION 2015 Conference”, RTS: “Environmentally Assisted Cracking”. He has received funding from MESTDS and EPS, Serbia, CEATI International Inc., Canada and from SaskPower and Nova Scotia Power companies from Canada.

Affiliations and Expertise

Associate Professor, Department of Engineering Materials and Welding and Welding and Welded Structures Module, University of Belgrade, Faculty of Mechanical Engineering, Belgrade, Serbia

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