Table of Contents

1. Introduction 1.1 The current relevance of fuel cells and hydrogen 2. Hydrogen 2.1 Production of hydrogen 2.2 Issues related to scale of production 2.3 Hydrogen conversion overview 2.4 Hydrogen storage options 2.5 Hydrogen transmission 2.6 Problems and discussion topics 3. Fuel Cells 3.1 Basic concepts 3.2 Molten carbonate cells 3.3 Solid oxide cells 3.4 Acid and alkaline cells 3.5 Proton exchange membrane cells 3.6 Direct methanol and other non-hydrogen cells 3.7 Biofuel cells 3.8 Problems and discussion topics 4. Systems 4.1 Passenger cars 4.2 Bus, lorry 4.3 Ships, trains and airplanes 4.4 Power plants including stand-alone systems 4.5 Building-integrated systems 4.6 Portable and other small-scale systems 4.7 Problems and discussion topics 5. Implementation scenarios 5.1 Infrastructure requirements 5.2 Safety and norm issues 5.3 Scenario based on fossil energy 5.4 Scenario based on nuclear energy 5.5 Scenarios based on renewable energy 5.6 Problems and discussion topics 6. Social implications 6.1 Cost expectations 6.2 Life-cycle analysis of environmental and social impacts 6.3 Uncertainties 6.4 Problems and discussion topics 7. Conclusion: a conditional outcome 7.1 Opportunities 7.2 Obstacles 7.3 The way forward 7.4 How much time do we have? 7.5 The end, and a beginning References Index

Details

No. of pages:
400
Language:
English
Copyright:
© 2005
Published:
Imprint:
Academic Press
Print ISBN:
9780126552812
Electronic ISBN:
9780128054581

About the authors

Bent Sørensen

Professor Emeritus at the Department of Environmental, Social, and Spatial Change, and a professor of physics at the Institute of Mathematics and Physics, both at Roskilde University, Denmark. He is also an independent consultant at Novator Advanced Technology Consulting. Dr. Sørensen is one of the world’s leading specialists in renewable energy. He has five decades of experience in researching the field, and has published hundreds of monographs, articles in scientific journals, technical reports, and conference contributions. He has received several awards and has been knighted by Her Majesty Queen Margrethe of Denmark.

Affiliations and Expertise

Professor, Department of Environmental, Social and Spatial Change, Roskilde University, Denmark; Independent Consultant, NOVATOR Advanced Technology Consulting, Denmark

Bent Sørensen

Professor Emeritus at the Department of Environmental, Social, and Spatial Change, and a professor of physics at the Institute of Mathematics and Physics, both at Roskilde University, Denmark. He is also an independent consultant at Novator Advanced Technology Consulting. Dr. Sørensen is one of the world’s leading specialists in renewable energy. He has five decades of experience in researching the field, and has published hundreds of monographs, articles in scientific journals, technical reports, and conference contributions. He has received several awards and has been knighted by Her Majesty Queen Margrethe of Denmark.

Affiliations and Expertise

Professor, Department of Environmental, Social and Spatial Change, Roskilde University, Denmark; Independent Consultant, NOVATOR Advanced Technology Consulting, Denmark