Hydroclimatic Extremes in the Middle East and North Africa

Hydroclimatic Extremes in the Middle East and North Africa

Assessment, Attribution and Socioeconomic Impacts

1st Edition - September 1, 2023

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  • Editors: Ahmed Mohammed Hussain El Kenawy, El Sayed Mohamed Robaa, Mohammed Magdy Mustafa Torab, Mohamed Hereher
  • Paperback ISBN: 9780128241301

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Hydroclimatic Extremes in the Middle East and North Africa: Assessment, Attribution and Socioeconomic Impacts focuses on assessing the current situation of hydroclimatic extremes in the MENA region, with particular emphasis on dry and wet extreme events. The results of the rapidly changing atmospheric and oceanic situations of these extremes is addressed, presenting examples for the environmental, socioeconomic and cultural impacts of these events in the region and evaluating the current ability to monitor and adapt to such events. In addition, the book explores the potential use of advanced geospatial techniques in improving current understanding of these extreme events.The book utilizes a multidisciplinary approach with various state-of-the-art methods, approaches, and analytical techniques in environmental, meteorological, and hydrological sciences, providing case studies from the Middle East and North Africa region. It will be a valuable source of information for climatologists, meteorologists, hydrologists, agronomists, geographers, and water resource scientists.

Key Features

  • Thoroughly details the effects of climate variability in the Middle East and North Africa region, a hotspot region of climate change vulnerability
  • Examines changes in hydroclimatic extremes at different spatial scales, ranging from local assessments to investigations that cover the entire region
  • Provides a comprehensive assessment of hydrometeorological feedback to current and future climate change in the MENA region
  • Fills the current gap in the literature concerning the response of arid and semi-arid regions to climate change, with a particular emphasis on the MENA region
  • Assesses future changes in hydroclimatic extremes in the region under different scenarios of greenhouse gas emissions


Researchers and academics in climatology, atmospheric science, hydrological risk and management, and ecology. Researchers and academics working in the fields of food production and hydrological infrastructure

Table of Contents

  • Part 1: Hydrological and climatological perspectives of the Middle East and North Africa
    1. Hydrological regimes in the Middle East and North Africa: characteristics and challenges
    2. Changes in the Climate Zones of the Middle East and North Africa under future climate change scenarios
    3. Hydroclimatic extremes in the Middle East and North Africa: status and challenges
    4. Water stress and insecurity in the Middle East and North Africa under different environmental and socioeconomic stressors
    5. Monitoring and analysing hydroclimatic extremes using GIS and Remote Sensing techniques: case studies from the Sahara deserts

    Part II: Hydroclimatic extremes in the Middle East and North Africa: Past, present and future
    6. Rainfall Characteristics in Egypt during the second half of the 20th century: patterns, variability and impacts
    7. Changes in rainfall concentration over Syria from 1960 to 2015
    8. Long-term interannual to decadal variability of Libya extended-winter drought in Libya
    9. Characterization of hydrological drought over Algeria in the past four decades
    10. Attributing drought characteristics in Iraq to large-scale circulation patterns
    11. Large boulders deposited on the north-western coast of Egypt as an Indicator of extreme sea waves
    12. Threatened landscapes of Cyrenaica: adverse climate change impacts vs. anthropogenic processes

    Part III: Socioeconomic and political impacts of the intensification of hydroclimatic extremes in the Middle East and North Africa
    13. The links between meteorological and hydrological droughts in the main hydrological regimes over the Middle East and North Africa and their possible impacts on food production
    14. Impacts of present and future intensification of heat waves on energy demand in Southwestern Asia
    15. The potentials of the usage of renewable energy in the Middle East and North Africa under climate change conditions
    16. Analysis of urban heat island using night-time MODIS LST data as a signal for regional climate change: A case study in the United Arab Emirates
    17. Monitoring urbanization growth and its impacts on climatic changes over Greater Cairo (Egypt) using satellite images
    18. Hydrological insecurity in the Middle East and North Africa in view of international disputes: the case of the Ethiopian Renaissance Dam
    19. Climate change and it impacts on selected archaeological sites in Egypt

    Part IV: Adaptation and resilience to climate extremes
    20. Urban planning in the Middle East and North Africa in view of climate justice: selected case studies
    21. Adaptation and resilience to sea level rise impacts in Oman
    22. Improving climate services in the Middle East region in a changing climate
    23. Future projections of Hydroclimate extremes: lessons for adaptation in the Middle East and North Africa

Product details

  • No. of pages: 400
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Elsevier 2023
  • Published: September 1, 2023
  • Imprint: Elsevier
  • Paperback ISBN: 9780128241301

About the Editors

Ahmed Mohammed Hussain El Kenawy

Dr. Kenawy is assistant professor of Climatology at Mansour University, Egypt. He graduated with an MSc Degree in Environmental Informatics (University of Leicester, UK) and a PhD in Climatology (Universidad de Zaragoza, Spain). He has authored or co-authored over 90 peer-reviewed articles, 3 books, and 6 book chapters, with almost 2,000 citations. His research focuses on assessing, attributing and projecting climate extremes in arid and semi-arid regions and their socioeconomic and environmental implications. The research that Dr. Kenawy and his collaborators undertake has spanned the Arabian Peninsula, Syria, Iraq and Jordan in the Middle East, North Africa (Libya and Egypt) and Ethiopia, throughout Spain and also South America, demonstrating the global reach and application of his research activity. He is also a member in the editorial board of a range of SCI journals including Hydrosphere and the Open Atmospheric Sciences Journal.

Affiliations and Expertise

Assistant Professor of Climatology, Mansour University, Egypt

El Sayed Mohamed Robaa

Prof. Robaa is a professor of Environmental and Atmospheric Physics and chairman of the Astronomy, Space Sciences and Meteorology Department, Cairo University. He is a passionate and dedicated climate change specialist, conducting extensive research in areas of urban climatology and renewable energy. He assesses extreme weather events (e.g. drought, heat-waves, flash flood, and desertification) and their impacts under climate change conditions. He has published many papers in international peer-reviewed journals, with a main focus on air pollution modeling, renewable energy, weather extremes, and agrometeorology. He is an editorial board member of many peer-reviewed international journals and a member of many peer research review committees for international journals. Prof. Robaa is a member of the permanent scientific committee for academic promotions (Professors and Assistance Professors) that are affiliated with the Supreme Council of Egyptian Universities and the National Research Institute of Astronomy and Geophysics (NRIAG).

Affiliations and Expertise

Professor of Environmental and Atmospheric Physics, Chairman of the Astronomy, Space Sciences and Meteorology Department, Cairo University, Egypt

Mohammed Magdy Mustafa Torab

Prof. Torab is a professor of Physical Geography at the Faculty of Arts, University of Damanhur (Egypt) and is editor-in-chief of the Egyptian Journal of Environmental Change. He has published in many research areas, with particular emphasis on coastal and desert geomorphology and natural hazards. He has organized various scientific workshops such as Living with Landscapes, in collaboration with the International Union of Soil Sciences (IUSS) and International Association of Geomorphologists (IAG). Prof. Torab has served on numerous International and National Committees and Boards. His successful tutoring track record involves the supervision of over 100 MA & PhD theses, acting as a faculty opponent for many MA & PhD defenses. He also has lengthy experience in teaching undergraduate and postgraduate courses.

Affiliations and Expertise

Professor of Physical Geography, Faculty of Arts, University of Damanhur, Egypt

Mohamed Hereher

Prof. Hereher is a professor of Environmental Science and Remote Sensing at Sultan Qaboos University, Oman. He has published over 45 manuscripts in leading international journals, with over 650 citations. Dr. Hereher’s area of expertise is in characterizing hydro-climatological responses in Earth systems using observations, modeling and remote-sensing methods, coupled with high-level statistical tools and advancements in Geographic Information System mapping (GIS). He has undertaken several studies in areas spanning the Middle East and North Africa, including Egypt, Saudi Arabia, Oman, and the Arab Gulf countries.

Affiliations and Expertise

Professor of Environmental Science and Remote Sensing, Sultan Qaboos University, Oman

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