Description

Rocks mechanics legend Erle Donaldson, along with colleagues Waqi Alam and Nasrin Begum from the oil and gas consultant company Tetrahedron, have authored this handbook on updated fundamentals and more recent technology used during a common hydraulic fracturing procedure. Meant for technical and non-technical professionals interested in the subject of hydraulic fracturing, the book provides a clear and simple explanation of the technology and related issues to promote the safe development of petroleum reserves leading to energy independence throughout the world.

Table of Contents

  • Dedication
  • Foreword
  • Preface
    • Acknowledgments
  • List of Figures
  • List of Tables
  • Nomenclature
    • Acronyms/Abbreviations
    • Symbols
    • Greek Letters
  • CHAPTER 1. Hydraulic Fracturing Explained
    • 1.1 Introduction
    • 1.2 Petroleum Hydrocarbons
    • 1.3 Petroleum Reserves in Shale
    • 1.4 Petroleum Demand
    • 1.5 Achieving Production of Hydrocarbons to Meet Demand
    • 1.6 Hydraulic Fracturing
    • 1.7 Environmental Issues Related to Hydraulic Fracturing
  • CHAPTER 2. Evaluation of Gas-Shale Formations
    • 2.1 Sedimentary Formations
    • 2.2 Shale Formations
    • 2.3 Multistage Fractures
    • 2.4 Fracture Design (Frac-Implementation)
    • 2.5 Well Design from Surface to Reservoir
    • 2.6 Gas-Shale Reservoir Characterization
    • 2.7 Gamma-Ray Well-Log
    • 2.8 Density/Neutron Log
    • 2.9 Use of Seismic Data
  • CHAPTER 3. Rock Mechanics of Fracturing
    • 3.1 Introduction
    • 3.2 Young's Modulus of Elasticity (E)
    • 3.3 Poisson's Ratio (v)
    • 3.4 Bulk Modulus (KB)
    • 3.5 Shear Modulus (G)
    • 3.6 Effective Stress
    • 3.7 Mohr Stress Diagram
    • 3.8 Initiation of Fractures
    • 3.9 Propping the Fracture Open
  • CHAPTER 4. Fracture Fluids
    • 4.1 Introduction
    • 4.2 Oil-Based Fracturing Fluids
    • 4.3 Water-Based Frac-Fluids
    • 4.4 Alcohol-based Frac-fluids
    • 4.5 Acid Frac-Fluid
    • 4.6 Foams
    • 4.7 “Slick-Water”
    • 4.8 Surfactants
    • 4.9 Clay Stabilizers
    • 4.10 Temperature Stabilizers
    • 4.11 Fluid-Loss Additives
    • 4.12 Viscosity Breakers
    • 4.13 Biocides
    • 4.14 Buffers
    • 4.15 Frac-Fluid Preparation
    • 4.16 Conclusion
  • CHAPTER 5.

Details

No. of pages:
224
Language:
English
Copyright:
© 2013
Published:
Imprint:
Gulf Publishing Company
Electronic ISBN:
9780127999968
Print ISBN:
9781933762401
Print ISBN:
9780128101520

About the authors