Hybrid Technologies for Power Generation

Hybrid Technologies for Power Generation

1st Edition - October 30, 2021

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  • Editors: Massimiliano Lo Faro, Orazio Barbera, Giosue Giacoppo
  • eBook ISBN: 9780128241868
  • Paperback ISBN: 9780128237939

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Description

Hybrid Technologies for Power Generation addresses the topics related to hybrid technologies by coupling conventional thermal engines with novel technologies, including fuel cells, batteries, thermal storage and electrolysis, and reporting on the most recent advances concerning transport and stationary applications. Potential operating schemes of hybrid power generation systems are covered, highlighting possible combinations of technology and guideline selection according to the energy demands of end-users. Going beyond state-of-the-art technological developments for processes, devices and systems, this book discusses the environmental impact and existing hurdles of moving from a single device to new approaches for efficient energy generation, transfer, conversion, high-density storage and consumption. By describing the practical viability of novel devices coupled to conventional thermal devices, this book has a decisive impact in energy system research, supporting those in the energy research and engineering communities.

Key Features

  • Covers detailed thermodynamic requirements for multiple smart technologies included in hybrid systems (i.e., FC, electrolysers, supercapacitors, batteries, thermal storage, etc.)
  • Features fundamental analysis and modeling to optimize the combination of smart technologies with traditional engines
  • Details protocols for the analysis, operation and requirements of large-scale production

Readership

Electrical Engineers, Smart Grid Specialists, Researchers in Renewable energy systems, Power Systems and Electronics Engineering, Energy Engineers

Table of Contents

  • Cover image
  • Title page
  • Table of Contents
  • Copyright
  • Contributors
  • Editors’ Biography
  • Preface
  • Part One: Hybrid stationary systems
  • 1: Stationary hybrid systems: Motivation policies and technical challenges
  • Abstract
  • 1: Introduction to stationary hybrid systems
  • 2: Review of existing literature
  • 3: Development of stationary hybrid energy systems
  • 4: Summary
  • References
  • 2: Design and performance analysis of off-grid hybrid renewable energy systems
  • Abstract
  • 1: Introduction
  • 2: Review of the famous HRES components
  • 3: Hybrid renewable energy system architectures
  • 4: Review of simulation software tools
  • 5: Design of optimal HRES
  • 6: Techno-economic analysis of stand-alone HRES projects
  • 7: Summary
  • Appendix
  • References
  • 3: Off-grid full renewable hybrid systems: Control strategies, optimization, and modeling
  • Abstract
  • Acknowledgments
  • 1: Introduction
  • 2: Components modeling
  • 3: Control strategies
  • 4: Economic calculations
  • 5: Life cycle emissions
  • 6: Sizing and optimization
  • 7: Example
  • 8: Conclusions
  • References
  • 4: Grid integrated non-renewable based hybrid systems: Control strategies, optimization, and modeling
  • Abstract
  • 1: Introduction
  • 2: Hybrid system operation analysis
  • 3: Solutions to improve diesel generators efficiency in hybrid systems
  • 4: Modeling and control of the energy storage system
  • 5: Modeling and control of the interfacing inverter
  • 6: Grid-connected NRES configuration understudy
  • 7: Results and discussion
  • 8: Conclusion
  • References
  • 5: Off-grid nonrenewable based hybrid systems: Architecture, design, demonstration, and study cases
  • Abstract
  • 1: Introduction
  • 2: Methodology
  • 3: Background
  • 4: Mathematical formulation
  • 5: Energy management
  • 6: Results
  • 7: Conclusions
  • References
  • 6: Power management strategy of PV-PEMFC-PEMEC hybrid systems integrated with a vanadium redox flow battery
  • Abstract
  • Acknowledgments
  • 1: Introduction
  • 2: Hybrid power system components
  • 3: Design of the hybrid power system components
  • 4: Hybrid renewable power systems for stand-alone applications
  • 5: Conclusions
  • References
  • 7: Off-grid hybrid systems based on combined conventional and unconventional technologies: Design, analyses, and illustrative examples
  • Abstract
  • 1: Introduction
  • 2: Off-grid hybrid systems
  • 3: Performance analyses of energy systems
  • 4: Illustrative examples
  • 5: Concluding remarks
  • References
  • 8: Sustainable off-grid power supply for small settlements
  • Abstract
  • 1: Introduction
  • 2: Literature review
  • 3: Methodology
  • 4: Application
  • 5: Lifecycle analysis
  • 6: Discussion
  • 7: Conclusions
  • References
  • Part Two: Hybrid vehicles
  • 9: Introduction on mobile hybrid systems: Motivations, environmental aspects, policies, and technical challenges
  • Abstract
  • 1: Introduction
  • 2: Performance analysis of advanced vehicles by inventory analysis
  • 3: Assessing the potential for FCV introduction using energy-economic models
  • 4: Concluding remarks
  • References
  • 10: Automotive hybrid electric systems: Design, modeling, and energy management
  • Abstract
  • 1: Introduction on hybrid electric vehicles
  • 2: HEV classification
  • 3: Modeling of hybrid electric powertrains
  • 4: Design of hybrid electric powertrains
  • 5: Energy management of hybrid electric drivetrains
  • References
  • 11: Heavy-duty hybrid transportation systems: Design, modeling, and energy management
  • Abstract
  • 1: Introduction
  • 2: Hybrid architectures: Definition and conventions
  • 3: Energy management
  • 4: Development of a case study
  • References
  • 12: Heavy-duty hybrid transportation systems: Demonstration and case studies
  • Abstract
  • 1: Genesis and review of electric and hybrid powertrain for heavy-duty vehicles
  • 2: Hybrid propulsion systems
  • 3: Hybrid storage systems
  • 4: Proposed case studies on trucks, buses, and heavy working vehicles
  • 5: Design of a conventional truck hydraulic servo-actuation fed by a regenerative braking system
  • 6: Design and testing of a hybrid storage for the fast recharge of public transportation systems
  • 7: Electrification and hydrogen hybridization of a light truck
  • 8: Electrification with flexible hybridization strategies for construction machines
  • 9: Conclusions and final remarks
  • References
  • 13: Energy system management for aeronautic and aerospace applications: Demonstration and study cases
  • Abstract
  • 1: Introduction
  • 2: Modeling and control
  • 3: Aeronautic applications
  • References
  • 14: Modeling hybrid energy systems for marine applications: Hybrid electric ships
  • Abstract
  • 1: Introduction and literature review
  • 2: Modeling and problem formulation
  • 3: Results
  • 4: Conclusion
  • References
  • 15: Hybrid system for powering unmanned aerial vehicles: Demonstration and study cases
  • Abstract
  • Acknowledgments
  • 1: Introduction
  • 2: Basic knowledge of hybrid UAV
  • 3: Cases of hybrid energy UAV
  • 4: Energy management strategy
  • 5: Conclusions
  • References
  • 16: Life cycle assessment of hybrid passenger electric vehicle
  • Abstract
  • 1: Challenges toward a sustainable transport sector
  • 2: Need for comprehensive sustainability checks
  • 3: The life cycle assessment methodology
  • 4: Technical parameters and methodological aspects in LCAs of road vehicles
  • 5: Exploring the influence and sensitivity of key technological parameters: The case study of HEV vehicle
  • 6: Conclusions
  • References
  • Index

Product details

  • No. of pages: 528
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Academic Press 2021
  • Published: October 30, 2021
  • Imprint: Academic Press
  • eBook ISBN: 9780128241868
  • Paperback ISBN: 9780128237939

About the Editors

Massimiliano Lo Faro

Massimiliano Lo Faro graduated from University of Catania in 2003 in Industrial Chemistry and received a PhD in Materials for Environmentand Energy from the U. of TorVergata, Rome in March 2008. To date he is permanent researcher and team leader at CNR-ITAE for the activities concerning the development of Solid Oxide based Cells (SOFCs, SOECs, and Battery cells) operating at intermediate temperatures (600 – 800 °C). In 2013 he gains a research fellowship at the U. of Sao Paulo – Brazil in the framework of the program Pesquisador Visitante Especial, processo nº402180/2012-7. In 2018 he gains a fellowship for a research on the field of co-electrolysis of H2O and CO2 in solid oxide electrolysis cells carried out at the U. of Sao Paulo – Brazil and financed by FAPESP (2018/02172-7). In addition he has taken part in several National and International projects concerning fuel cells, electrolysis cells and batteries (MIUR-PRIN 2010-2011, BIOITSOFC project; FP7-2012-GC-MATERIALS grant n° 314159, NECOBAUT project; FP7-ENERGY-2010-FET grant n° 256821, QuasiDry project; CNR-MiSE agreements PAR2006, PAR 2007, PAR2008, PAR2009-2010, PAR 2011-2012, PAR 2012-2014; MIUR-FIRB, RINNOVA project; MIUR-FISR I and II), as well as a few private partnership contracts as participant (Eurocoating and SOFCPower contracts both referred to the development of stable anodes for SOFCs, Italcementi SPA contract referred to CO2CHEM project) also as leader for the PON02_00655 activity “DIESELSOFC” in the framework of the project entitled "Tecnologie ad alta Efficienza per la Sostenibilità Energetica ed ambientale Onboard" (TESEO), decreto direttoriale n.713/Ric. 29/10/2012. Member of scientific and organization committees for many conferences (i.e. HYPOTHESIS XII, WHEC 2018, HYPOTHESIS XII, EmHyTeC 2014, ISEECap2013, many editions od SAYCS) he was chair of GEI-ERA 2012 conference and of Hypothesis 2019 in Foz-do-Iguaçu. He served as editor for the book Solid Oxide-based Electrochemical Devices (AP-Elsevier) and as guest editor for many journals including special issues on the International Journal of Hydrogen Energy and Electrochimica Acta. To date, Dr. Lo Faro is serving as co-Editor for the book Hybrid technologies for power generation

Affiliations and Expertise

Researcher, Italian National Research Council (CNR), Institute for Advanced Energy Technologies “Nicola Giordano” (ITAE), Salita S. Lucia sopra, Messina, Italy

Orazio Barbera

Orazio Barbera is currently a permanent researcher at CNR-ITAE (National Research Council of Italy – Institute for Advanced Energy Technologies). He graduated from Politecnico di Milano in 1994 in Mechanical Engineering and received a PhD in Materials for Environment and Energy from the University of Tor Vergata, Rome, in March 2017. Dr Barbera has 19 years experience developing electrochemical power generation and storage technologies based on low-temperature fuel cells and batteries and focusses on hydrogen/methanol fuel cells, metal-air batteries, and photoelectrochemical cell engineering. In this field, Dr Barbera has developed a reliable methodology for fuel cell stack and batteries design and test. Prototyping is the direct expression of this research activity; it allows the technology to transfer from the lab scale to practical use. Numerous prototypes of fuel cell stacks for stationary, marine, space, and portable applications have been designed, manufactured, and tested. He designed, manufactured, and tested lab-scale metal-air batteries. This has allowed him to study behaviour and validate the general methodology for the executive plans.

Affiliations and Expertise

Researcher, CNR-ITAE (National Research Council of Italy – Institute for Advanced Energy Technologies), Italy

Giosue Giacoppo

He was graduated in 2002 in Aerospace Engineering at Politecnico of Turin, where he also obtained his qualification to practice as an Engineer in 2003. Since December 2013, he is a permanent researcher at CNR-ITAE (National Research Council of Italy – Institute for Advanced Energy Technologies) where focused his research in the field of power and chemicals generation by electrochemical technologies such as batteries, fuel cells and electrolysers. Particular attention was devoted to the thermal fluid dynamic analysis of flow field distributors in PEM Fuel cells. In fact, uniform distribution of reactants in fuel cells as well as in the electrolysers, is a key point for optimal and durable performance of such devices. Development of specific measurement in experimental cells has allowed to confirm numerical results through experimental data. Production of hydrogen through assisted photoelectrochemical devices was another topic toward Dr. Giacoppo has focused his interests. Design and modelling of an innovative photoelectrochemical cell for water splitting was part of his most recent research. Teaching and dissemination activities are another important aspect of his scientific curriculum. He has held seminars on the hydrogen technologies and applied engineering to electrochemical devices at universities, schools and public institutions.

Affiliations and Expertise

Researcher, CNR-ITAE (National Research Council of Italy – Institute for Advanced Energy Technologies), Italy

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