Human Settlements and Energy deals with the impact of energy considerations on human settlements planning and development. The book addresses the energy use, consumed mostly by human settlements, and the ways to conserve energy in these habitats. The text reviews the demand for energy, the principal uses of energy, and as the Economic Commission for Europe sees it, the need for human settlements to disconnect from heavy dependence on fast disappearing hydrocarbon fuels. The text examines two options as solution: nuclear-generated electricity (which many regard as undesirable) or reduce the growth of energy use. The book also examines the statement made by the Ottawa Seminar that "reducing energy consumption is a more difficult problem than increasing energy production." The book explains that policies on energy reduction should be a considered a global co-operative effort, moral obligation, as well as policies reflecting lifestyle changes, capital allocation, energy consciousness in physical planning (building design, automotive efficiency), and improved energy conversion. This book is helpful for environmentalists, conservationists, policy makers in the field of energy generation, conservation, or conversion, nuclear physicists, geothermal engineers, and scientists in the field of energy development research.
Acknowledgments Part I Introduction Address on Behalf of Canada Address Part II1. Energy Use and Energy Conservation in Human Settlements The Present Demand for Energy in Human Settlements in the ECE Region and Anticipated Trends The Principal Uses of Energy in Human Settlements The Case for Conservation How, not What Uncertainty The Interrelation of Energy Policies with Other Human Settlement Policies The Individuality Problem Action Despite Uncertainty 2. Energy Issues Related to Physical Planning The Legacy of the Past Centralized and Decentralized Energy Supplies, and the Choice of Fuel The Basic Issues New Energy Technologies Heat Pumps District Heating Transportation Communication as a Substitute for Transportation The Location of New Energy Facilities 3. "Energy Conscious" Human Settlements Planning Planning for Uncertainty Mobility Building Form Heating Systems Two Examples of Energy-Conscious Planning 4. National Policies and Strategies Concerning Energy Use and Energy Conservation in Buildings The Need for Better Data and Adequate Models The Problem of Individual Variation The Distinction between Public and Individual Benefit The Choice of Objectives in National Strategies The Responsibility of the Public Sector Examples of Evolving National Policies and Strategies 5. Improved Energy Budgets in New Buildings Energy Used in the Construction Process Technical Opportunities for Reducing Energy Budgets Importance of the Design Phase in Building Construction Component Standards or Performance Standards? Other Barriers to Improved Energy Standards in New B
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- © Pergamon 1978
- 1st January 1978
- eBook ISBN: