Human Responses to Environmental Odors

Human Responses to Environmental Odors

1st Edition - January 1, 1974

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  • Editor: Amos Turk
  • eBook ISBN: 9780323154345

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Human Responses to Environmental Odors presents some of the approaches to the study of the human olfactory response. This book contains 11 chapters that describe the complexity in human olfaction. This text deals first with the sensory and physicochemical aspects of odor. These topics are followed by discussions on the sampling, transport, dispersal, odor intensities and preferences, and psychophysical scaling. The discussion then shifts to the applications of some previously slighted fundamentals, such as vapor pressure phenomena and the chemical stability of odorants in the atmosphere. Other chapters are devoted to community odor problems and annoyance reactions, combustion odors, and laser Raman spectroscopy. These chapters include odor measurement and control. This book is of great value to flavor scientists, chemists, physiologists, and behavioral scientists.

Table of Contents

  • List of Contributors


    Psychophysical Scaling of Odor

    Attributes of Odors

    Scales of Measurement

    Construction of a Psychophysical Scale

    Comparison of Scaling Techniques

    Form of the Psychophysical Function

    Procedural Variables

    Adaptation, Masking, and Mixtures


    An Evaluation of Community Problems Caused by Industrial Odors


    Attitude Surveys

    Sensory Techniques

    National Survey of the Odor Problem

    Social and Economic Impact of Odors

    Chemical and Instrumental Methods


    Lasar Raman Spectroscopy

    I. Introduction

    II. Principles of Vibrational Spectroscopy

    ΙII. Raman Instrumentation

    IV. Applications of Raman Spectroscopy to Chemical Problems

    V. Special Topics

    VI. Epilogue


    Method and Theory in the Study of Odor Preferences

    Theories about Odor Preference

    Studies of Children’s Judgments of Odors

    The Origin of Odor Preferences

    Familiarity and Odor Preference

    The Study of Odor Associations

    Summary and Conclusions


    Sensory Evaluation of Odor Intensity at the Source and in the Ambient Air

    I. Introduction

    II. Equipment

    III. Methods for Sensory Source Strength Analysis

    IV. Sensory Evaluation of Odorous Air Pollutants in the Ambient Air


    Transport and Dispersal of Odors

    I. General Characteristics of Dispersion in the Atmosphere

    II. The Specific Odor Dispersion Problem

    III. A Field Study to Check the Theoretical Odor Dispersion Model

    IV. Conclusions and Recommendations

    Appendix: Determination of the Parameters σyr, σzr, and σzc

    List of Symbols


    Vapor Pressures and Raoult’s Law Deviations in Relation to Odor Enhancement and Suppression

    I. Introduction

    II. Vapor Pressures in Odorant Mixtures

    III. Evaporation of Odorant Solutions

    V. General Conclusions


    Combustion Odors—A Case Study


    The Dose

    The Response



    Sampling in Airborne Odorant Analysis

    I. Introduction

    II. Types and Methods of Sampling

    III. Reproducibility and Accuracy in Quantitative Vapor Sampling

    IV. Necessity for Organoleptic Tests in Practical Odorant Studies

    V. Vapor Dilution Methods for Determinations of the Efficiency of Procedures for Odorant Cumulation


    Annoyance Reactions to Environmental Odors

    Reactions Studied in Different Odor Surveys

    Variations in Reactions in a Population That Are Not Caused by Variations in Exposure

    Results of Some Investigations of Annoyance Reactions Caused by Offensive Smells



    The Stability of Emitted Odorous Compounds in the Atmosphere


    Reactions of Importance for the Air Chemistry of Hydrogen Sulfide and Organic Sulfur Compounds

    Conclusions from Observations at Atmospheric Conditions

    Removal of Hydrogen Sulfide and Organic Sulfur Compounds from the Gas Phase by Adsorption



    Subject Index

Product details

  • No. of pages: 358
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Academic Press 1974
  • Published: January 1, 1974
  • Imprint: Academic Press
  • eBook ISBN: 9780323154345

About the Editor

Amos Turk

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