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Human Responses to Environmental Odors - 1st Edition - ISBN: 9780127038605, 9780323154345

Human Responses to Environmental Odors

1st Edition

Editor: Amos Turk
eBook ISBN: 9780323154345
Imprint: Academic Press
Published Date: 1st January 1974
Page Count: 358
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Human Responses to Environmental Odors presents some of the approaches to the study of the human olfactory response. This book contains 11 chapters that describe the complexity in human olfaction. This text deals first with the sensory and physicochemical aspects of odor. These topics are followed by discussions on the sampling, transport, dispersal, odor intensities and preferences, and psychophysical scaling. The discussion then shifts to the applications of some previously slighted fundamentals, such as vapor pressure phenomena and the chemical stability of odorants in the atmosphere. Other chapters are devoted to community odor problems and annoyance reactions, combustion odors, and laser Raman spectroscopy. These chapters include odor measurement and control. This book is of great value to flavor scientists, chemists, physiologists, and behavioral scientists.

Table of Contents

List of Contributors


Psychophysical Scaling of Odor

Attributes of Odors

Scales of Measurement

Construction of a Psychophysical Scale

Comparison of Scaling Techniques

Form of the Psychophysical Function

Procedural Variables

Adaptation, Masking, and Mixtures


An Evaluation of Community Problems Caused by Industrial Odors


Attitude Surveys

Sensory Techniques

National Survey of the Odor Problem

Social and Economic Impact of Odors

Chemical and Instrumental Methods


Lasar Raman Spectroscopy

I. Introduction

II. Principles of Vibrational Spectroscopy

ΙII. Raman Instrumentation

IV. Applications of Raman Spectroscopy to Chemical Problems

V. Special Topics

VI. Epilogue


Method and Theory in the Study of Odor Preferences

Theories about Odor Preference

Studies of Children’s Judgments of Odors

The Origin of Odor Preferences

Familiarity and Odor Preference

The Study of Odor Associations

Summary and Conclusions


Sensory Evaluation of Odor Intensity at the Source and in the Ambient Air

I. Introduction

II. Equipment

III. Methods for Sensory Source Strength Analysis

IV. Sensory Evaluation of Odorous Air Pollutants in the Ambient Air


Transport and Dispersal of Odors

I. General Characteristics of Dispersion in the Atmosphere

II. The Specific Odor Dispersion Problem

III. A Field Study to Check the Theoretical Odor Dispersion Model

IV. Conclusions and Recommendations

Appendix: Determination of the Parameters σyr, σzr, and σzc

List of Symbols


Vapor Pressures and Raoult’s Law Deviations in Relation to Odor Enhancement and Suppression

I. Introduction

II. Vapor Pressures in Odorant Mixtures

III. Evaporation of Odorant Solutions

V. General Conclusions


Combustion Odors—A Case Study


The Dose

The Response



Sampling in Airborne Odorant Analysis

I. Introduction

II. Types and Methods of Sampling

III. Reproducibility and Accuracy in Quantitative Vapor Sampling

IV. Necessity for Organoleptic Tests in Practical Odorant Studies

V. Vapor Dilution Methods for Determinations of the Efficiency of Procedures for Odorant Cumulation


Annoyance Reactions to Environmental Odors

Reactions Studied in Different Odor Surveys

Variations in Reactions in a Population That Are Not Caused by Variations in Exposure

Results of Some Investigations of Annoyance Reactions Caused by Offensive Smells



The Stability of Emitted Odorous Compounds in the Atmosphere


Reactions of Importance for the Air Chemistry of Hydrogen Sulfide and Organic Sulfur Compounds

Conclusions from Observations at Atmospheric Conditions

Removal of Hydrogen Sulfide and Organic Sulfur Compounds from the Gas Phase by Adsorption



Subject Index


No. of pages:
© Academic Press 1974
1st January 1974
Academic Press
eBook ISBN:

About the Editor

Amos Turk

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