Human Reproductive Biology

Human Reproductive Biology

1st Edition - August 28, 1991

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  • Author: Mark M. Jones
  • eBook ISBN: 9780323144810

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Human Reproductive Biology focuses on the processes, concerns, and trends in human reproduction. Divided into four parts with 19 chapters, the book starts by tracing the history of human reproduction biology and the questions and choices involved. The first part focuses on the male and female reproductive systems. The text notes the different organs involved in reproduction, including the penis, scrotum, vagina, oviducts, and mammary glands. The book discusses sexual development and differentiation, particularly noting the variance of sex ducts and glands, external genitalia, and disorders of sexual development and determination. The text also looks at puberty. Concerns include gonadal changes from birth to puberty; mechanisms that influence puberty; and puberty and psychosocial adjustment. The second part deals with menstrual cycle, fertilization, pregnancy, labor, and birth. Some of the concerns include length of menstrual cycle; absence of menstruation; transport of sperm and ovum in the oviduct; and semen release. The text also highlights labor and birthing processes as well as the relationship of neonates and parents. The third part looks at the medical aspects of human reproduction, infertility, and sexually transmitted diseases. Concerns include contraception, abortion, herpes genitalis, and vaginitis. The text folds with discussions on human sexual behavior, population growth, and family planning. Concerns include sexual dysfunction; the effects of overpopulation; and population control. The book is a vital source of data for readers interested in human reproduction.

Table of Contents

  • Preface

    1 Introduction to Human Reproduction

    Introduction 1

    The Evolutionary History of Human Reproductive Biology

    Current Choices and Questions Concerning Human


    Chapter Summary

    Further Reading

    Part 1 The Female and Male Reproductive Systems

    2 The Brain and Pituitary Gland


    The Endocrine System

    The Science of Endocrinology

    The Hypothalamo-Neurohypophysial Connection

    The Adenohypophysis

    The Hypothalamo-Adenohypophysical Connection

    Other Brain Areas and Gonadotropin Secretion

    Feedback Control of Gonadotropin Secretion

    Chapter Summary

    Further Reading

    3 The Female Reproductive System


    The Ovaries

    The Oviducts

    The Uterus

    The Vagina

    The Female External Genitalia

    The Mammary Glands

    Chapter Summary

    Further Reading

    4 The Male Reproductive System


    The Testes

    The Male Sex Accessory Ducts and Glands

    The Penis

    The Scrotum

    Chapter Summary

    Further Reading

    5 Sexual Differentiation and Development


    Chromosomal Sex

    The Sexually Indifferent Stage

    Gonadal Sex Determination

    Differentiation of the Sex Accessory Ducts and Glands

    Differentiation of the External Genitalia

    Sexual Differences in Brain Development

    Summary of Sexual Determination and Development

    Disorders of Sexual Determination and Development

    Chapter Summary

    Further Reading

    6 Puberty

    Puberty and Its Timing

    Gonadal Changes from Birth to Puberty

    Hormone Levels from Birth to Puberty

    What Mechanisms Cause Puberty?

    Environmental Factors and Puberty

    Inheritance and Age of Puberty

    Puberty and Psychosocial Adjustment

    Chapter Summary

    Further Reading

    Part 2 Procreation

    7 The Menstrual Cycle


    Reproductive Cycles in Other Mammals

    Major Events in the Menstrual Cycle

    The Menstrual Cycle in Detail

    Variations in Length of Menstrual Cycle Phases

    Methods for Detecting Ovulation

    The Premenstrual Syndrome

    Menstrual Difficulties

    Absence of Menstruation

    Menstrual Taboos


    Chapter Summary

    8 Gamete Transport and Fertilization

    Further Reading


    Semen Release

    Contents of Seminal Plasma

    Sperm Number and Structure

    Sperm Transport and Maturation in the Female Reproductive


    Transport of the Sperm and Ovum in the Oviduct

    Sperm Capacitation and Activation

    The Process of Fertilization

    Prevention of Polyspermy

    Chemical Inhibition of Fertilization

    Sex Ratios

    Sex Preselection

    Multiple Embryos



    Chapter Summary

    Further Reading

    9 Pregnancy


    Signs of Pregnancy

    Pregnancy Tests

    What to Do if You are Pregnant

    The Process of Pregnancy

    Fetal Disorders

    Fetal Scanning

    The Pregnant Woman

    Chances for a Successful Pregnancy

    Chapter Summary

    Further Reading

    10 Labor and Birth


    Time of Birth

    Hormones and Birth

    Induced Labor

    Preparation for Labor

    The Birth Process

    Premature Births

    Multiple Births

    Difficult Fetal Positions

    Handling Difficult Births

    Use of Medications during Labor

    Natural Birthing Methods

    Chapter Summary

    Further Reading

    11 The Neonate and the New Parents


    Adaptations of the Newborn

    What a Newborn Looks Like

    Disorders of the Newborn

    Condition of the New Mother


    Chapter Summary

    Further Reading

    12 Human Genetics


    Genes and Cellular Processes

    Autosomal Genetic Inheritance

    Sex-Linked Inheritance

    Chromosomal Aberrations

    Detection of Inherited Disorders

    Manipulation of Human Genes

    Chapter Summary

    Further Reading

    Part 3 Medical Aspects of Human Reproduction

    13 Contraception


    Contraceptive Methods

    The Psychology of Contraceptive Avoidance

    Choosing a Contraceptive

    Chapter Summary

    Further Reading

    14 Induced Abortion


    History of Induced Abortion

    Induced Abortion in the United States

    Why Women Have Abortions

    The Abortion Controversy

    Second Trimester Induced Abortions

    Third Trimester Induced Abortions

    Fertility after an Abortion

    Chapter Summary

    Further Reading

    15 Infertility


    Seeking Medical Help for Infertility

    Female Infertility

    Male Infertility

    Gamete Storage and Artificial Insemination

    Test-Tube Babies

    Embryo Transfer

    Gamete or Zygote Intrafallopian Transfer

    Surrogate Pregnancies


    Chapter Summary

    Further Reading

    16 Sexually Transmitted Diseases




    Herpes Genitalis

    Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome

    Chlamydia and Other Forms of Nonspecific Urethritis

    Genital Warts


    Lymphogranuloma Venereum

    Granuloma Inguinale


    Molluscum Contagiosum

    Viral Hepatitis B

    Prediculosis Pubis


    Some General Aspects of Veneral Disease Infections

    Psychological Aspects of Sexually Transmitted Disease

    Preventing Sexually Transmitted Disease

    Chapter Summary

    Further Reading

    Part 4 Human Sexual Behavior

    17 The Human Sexual Response


    Sexual Arousal

    The Sexual Response Cycle


    Hormones and Sexual Behavior

    Pheromones and Human Sexual Behavior

    Sexual Dysfunction

    Chapter Summary

    Further Reading

    18 Patterns of Human Sexual Behavior


    Sex Roles

    Sex and the Human Life Cycle

    Variations in Human Sexual Behavior

    Chapter Summary

    Further Reading

    19 Human Population Growth and Family Planning


    The Biology of Population Growth

    Human Population Growth

    Effects of Overpopulation

    Pollution and Environmental Illness

    Will Science and Technology Save Us?

    Family Planning and Population Control

    Chapter Summary

    Further Reading


    Illustration Credits


Product details

  • No. of pages: 604
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Academic Press 1991
  • Published: August 28, 1991
  • Imprint: Academic Press
  • eBook ISBN: 9780323144810

About the Author

Mark M. Jones

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