Human Remains: Another Dimension - 1st Edition - ISBN: 9780128046029, 9780128046739

Human Remains: Another Dimension

1st Edition

The Application of Imaging to the Study of Human Remains

Editors: Tim Thompson David Errickson
eBook ISBN: 9780128046739
Paperback ISBN: 9780128046029
Imprint: Academic Press
Published Date: 20th February 2017
Page Count: 218
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Description

Human Remains – Another Dimension: The Application of 3D Imaging in the Funerary Contextbrings together scattered literature on the topic, assimilating disparate pieces that relate to the novel use of non-invasive three-dimensional imaging techniques in the forensic context.

All chapters are written by specialists in the field who use these types of imaging techniques within their research, bringing an engaging and comprehensive view that demonstrates the current use of 3D non-invasive imaging techniques using case studies. In addition, the advantages for using such methods, their current limitations, and possible solutions are also reviewed.

Key Features

  • Includes three dimensional imaging techniques presented from a forensics point-of-view
  • Written by well-renowned specialists in the field
  • Assimilates disparate pieces that relate to the novel use of non-invasive three-dimensional imaging techniques

Readership

Practitioners: Anthropologists, Radiographers, Pathologists, Specialists in Forensic Imaging, Criminalists; Crime Scene Investigators, Archaeologists, Heritage Historians

Table of Contents

Chapter 1. Context

  • 1.1 Introduction
  • 1.2 Human Remains—Another Dimension
  • References

Chapter 2. The Rot Sets In: Low-Powered Microscopic Investigation of Taphonomic Changes to Bone Microstructure and its Application to Funerary Contexts

  • Abstract
  • 2.1 Methods and Assessment
  • 2.2 Danebury Iron Age Hillfort and Suddern Farm Settlement, Hampshire, UK
  • 2.3 Church of St. Mary and St. Laurence, Bolsover, Derbyshire, UK
  • 2.4 East Smithfield, London, UK
  • 2.5 Summary
  • References

Chapter 3. Human Bone and Dental Histology in an Archaeological Context

  • Abstract
  • 3.1 Introduction
  • 3.2 Bone
  • 3.3 Teeth
  • 3.4 Technical Considerations
  • 3.5 Human Skeletal Histology in Medieval Canterbury, UK: Short Study
  • 3.6 Conclusions
  • Acknowledgments
  • References

Chapter 4. “Cut to the Bone”: The Enhancement and Analysis of Skeletal Trauma Using Scanning Electron Microscopy

  • Abstract
  • 4.1 Case Study: Tool Marks and Human Dissection
  • 4.2 Identification of Saws and Knives Used in Human Dissection
  • 4.3 Saws
  • 4.4 Knives
  • 4.5 SEM Analysis: For More Than Just the Enhancement of Tool Marks
  • 4.6 Conclusions
  • Acknowledgments
  • References

Chapter 5. The Role of Radiography in Disaster Victim Identification

  • Abstract
  • References

Chapter 6. Recording In Situ Human Remains in Three Dimensions: Applying Digital Image-Based Modeling

  • Abstract
  • 6.1 Introduction
  • 6.2 Digital IBM and the “Digital Turn”
  • 6.3 Funerary Taphonomy and the Third Dimension
  • 6.4 Discussion
  • 6.5 Conclusions
  • References

Chapter 7. Shedding Light on Skeletal Remains: The Use of Structured Light Scanning for 3D Archiving

  • Abstract
  • 7.1 Introduction
  • 7.2 Contextual Information
  • 7.3 Results and Discussion
  • 7.4 Conclusions
  • Acknowledgments
  • References

Chapter 8. The Use of Laser Scanning for Visualization and Quantification of Abrasion on Water-Submerged Bone

  • Abstract
  • 8.1 Introduction
  • 8.2 Experimental Flume Studies
  • 8.3 Results and Discussion
  • 8.4 Conclusions
  • Acknowledgments
  • References

Chapter 9. Laser Scanning of Skeletal Pathological Conditions

  • Abstract
  • 9.1 Introduction
  • 9.2 Use of Multiscalar Techniques
  • 9.3 Developing Research Beyond Traditional Landmarks
  • 9.4 Workflows
  • 9.5 Postprocessing
  • 9.6 Contextualizing Outputs From Digital Bioarchaeology
  • 9.7 Summary
  • Acknowledgments
  • References

Chapter 10. Virtual Reconstruction of Cranial Remains: The H. Heidelbergensis, Kabwe 1 Fossil

  • Abstract
  • 10.1 Introduction
  • 10.2 Materials and Methods
  • 10.3 Results and Discussion
  • Acknowledgments
  • References

Chapter 11. Pediatric Medicine—Postmortem Imaging in Suspected Child Abuse

  • Abstract
  • 11.1 Introduction
  • 11.2 Conventional Radiography
  • 11.3 Computed Tomography
  • 11.4 Magnetic Resonance Imaging
  • 11.5 Conclusions
  • Acknowledgments
  • References

Chapter 12. The Storage and Long-Term Preservation of 3D Data

  • Abstract
  • 12.1 Growth of 3D Data
  • 12.2 Advantages of 3D Datasets
  • 12.3 Importance of Retaining Data
  • 12.4 Digital Preservation, not Data Storage
  • 12.5 Preserving 3D Datasets
  • 12.6 What to Preserve?
  • 12.7 Which Formats?
  • 12.8 Metadata and Documentation
  • 12.9 Conclusions
  • References

Chapter 13. Management of 3D Image Data

  • Abstract
  • 13.1 What Is 3D Image Data?
  • 13.2 Large Dataset Storage
  • 13.3 Issues to Consider: Data Management
  • 13.4 Conclusions
  • References

Chapter 14. Ethical Considerations: An Added Dimension

  • Abstract
  • 14.1 Our Ethical Responsibility to Human Remains
  • 14.2 The Role of Imaging
  • 14.3 Replicas, Reconstructions, and Reproductions
  • 14.4 Dissemination and Display
  • 14.5 Conclusions
  • References

Details

No. of pages:
218
Language:
English
Copyright:
© Academic Press 2017
Published:
Imprint:
Academic Press
eBook ISBN:
9780128046739
Paperback ISBN:
9780128046029

About the Editor

Tim Thompson

Dr. Thompson is Professor of Applied Biological Anthropology at Teesside University in Middlesbrough, UK. Before coming there 8 years ago, he worked in the Department of Forensic Pathology at the University of Sheffield, and the College of Life Sciences at the University of Dundee. His research looks at how the body changes in the forensic context, while also attempting to make better methods for studying human remains. In this area, he has published over 50 peer-reviewed articles and his third book is due out now. He is a Fellow of the Chartered Society of Forensic Sciences and the Royal Anthropological Institute, is Editor-in-Chief of the journal Science & Justice, has a spin-out company making digital tools for teaching and is a National Teaching Fellow. He is a practicing forensic anthropologist who has worked at home and abroad.

Affiliations and Expertise

School of Science and Engineering, Teesside University, Middlesbrough, UK

David Errickson

Currently completing his PhD in the application of surface scanning in the forensic anthropological context, throughout this period David has published several articles and presented at international conferences in conjunction with 3D imaging. In addition, he has produced the only current guideline for three-dimensional surface scanning with regards to human remains.

Affiliations and Expertise

School of Science and Engineering, Teesside University, Middlesbrough, UK