Human Reliability - 1st Edition - ISBN: 9780080327747, 9781483149295

Human Reliability

1st Edition

With Human Factors

Authors: Balbir S. Dhillon
eBook ISBN: 9781483149295
Imprint: Pergamon
Published Date: 1st January 1986
Page Count: 260
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Description

Human Reliability: With Human Factors focuses on human reliability during system design. The book is organized into 13 chapters, wherein Chapter 1 presents histories of human factors and human reliability along with selective terms and definitions. Chapter 2 shows basic reliability mathematics and concepts. Subsequent chapters then elaborate on human reliability, human errors, six human reliability analysis methods, and reliability evaluation of systems with human errors. Other chapters elucidate human factors in maintenance and maintainability; human safety; human reliability data; and human factors in quality control, design, mathematical models, and formulas. Applications of human factors engineering are also addressed. The text will be valuable to human factor engineers and specialists, reliability and maintainability specialists, system and design engineers, industrial engineers, quality control engineers, and students.

Table of Contents


List of Figures

List of Tables

Preface and Acknowledgments

Chapter 1. Introduction

History of Human Factors

Brief History of Human Reliability

Terms and Definitions

Scope of the Book

Summary

Exercises

References

Chapter 2. Mathematics and Basic Reliability Concepts

Introduction

Probability

Probability Distributions

Laplace Transforms

Quadratic Equations

Reliability Networks

Final-Value Theorem and Mean Time to Failure

Summary

Exercises

References

Chapter 3. Introduction to Human Reliability

Introduction

Stress

Rook's Model of Human Error Occurrence

Human Performance Reliability Modeling

Fault Tree Method

Summary

Exercises

References

Chapter 4. Human Errors

Introduction

Reasons for Human Errors and Their Consequences

Occurrence of Human Errors

Classification of Human Errors

Human Error Probability Estimates

Human Error in Air Traffic Control System Operations and in Nuclear Power Plants

Human Error Prevention Methods

Summary

Exercises

References

Chapter 5. Human-Reliability Analysis Methods

Introduction

Technique for Human Error Rate Prediction (THERP)

Probability Tree Method

Pontecorvo's Method of Predicting Human Reliability

The Throughput Ratio Method

Personnel Reliability Index

Block Diagram Method

Summary

Exercises

References

Chapter 6. Reliability Evaluation of Systems with Human Errors

Introduction

Reliability Evaluation of Redundant Systems with Human Error

Reliability Determination of Redundant Systems with Critical Human Error

Reliability Analysis of On-Surface Transit Systems with Human Errors

Reliability Evaluation of Human Operators under Stress

Availability Analysis of a System with Human Errors

Summary

Exercises

References

Chapter 7. Human Factors in Maintenance and Maintainability

Introduction

Human Factors in Maintenance

Human Factors in Maintainability

Useful Guidelines for Professionals Involved with Maintenance and Maintainability

Maintenance Procedures and Job Aids

Manpower Requirement Models

The Maintenance Reduction Curve

Summary

Exercises

References

Chapter 8. Human Safety

Introduction

Accident Losses

Reasons for Accidents

Accident- and Error-Reduction Measures

Accident Investigation

Man Versus Machines

Activities of the Safety Engineer and Safety-Warning-Related Questions for Design Engineers

Safety Devices and Human Failure Modes

Factors for Potential Human Errors and Advantages of Error Study over Accident Study

Selected Safety-Related Formulas

Summary

Exercises

References

Chapter 9. Human Reliability Data

Introduction

General ReHability Data

Human Factors Data

Guidelines for Human Performance Reliability Data System Development

Human Performance Data Collection Methods

Data Banks for Human Reliability Studies

Sources of Human-Related Data in Process Plants

Human Error Data for Selected Tasks and Human Reliability Data Sources

Summary

Exercises

References

Chapter 10. Human Factors in Quality Control

Introduction

Human Element Considerations in Quality Assurance

Management- and Operator-Controllable Errors in Quality Control

Functions of Quality Supervisors

Inspection

Inspection-Related Mathematical Models

Summary

Exercises

References

Chapter 11. Human Factors in Design

Introduction

Effectiveness of Human Factors Considerations in Engineering Design

Human Factors Considerations in Various Stages of a System

Useful Guidelines for Designers with Respect to Selected Human Factors

Human Sensory Capacities and Human Reactions to Extreme Environments

Illumination

Procedures and Procedure Evaluation

Product Safety Considerations in the Design Process

Selected Useful Questions for Designers

Advantages of Human Factors Considerations in System Design

Summary

Exercises

References

Chapter 12. Mathematical Models

Introduction

Useful Formulas

Mathematical Models

Summary

Exercises

References

Chapter 13. Applications of Human Factors Engineering

Introduction

Human Factors in Transportation Systems

Human Factors in Military Systems

Human Factors in Nuclear Power Generation

Human Factors in Process Control

Human Factors in Business Information Systems

Summary

Exercises

References

Index

About the Author


Details

No. of pages:
260
Language:
English
Copyright:
© Pergamon 1986
Published:
Imprint:
Pergamon
eBook ISBN:
9781483149295

About the Author

Balbir S. Dhillon

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