Human Reliability

Human Reliability

With Human Factors

1st Edition - January 1, 1986

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  • Author: Balbir S. Dhillon
  • eBook ISBN: 9781483149295

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Description

Human Reliability: With Human Factors focuses on human reliability during system design. The book is organized into 13 chapters, wherein Chapter 1 presents histories of human factors and human reliability along with selective terms and definitions. Chapter 2 shows basic reliability mathematics and concepts. Subsequent chapters then elaborate on human reliability, human errors, six human reliability analysis methods, and reliability evaluation of systems with human errors. Other chapters elucidate human factors in maintenance and maintainability; human safety; human reliability data; and human factors in quality control, design, mathematical models, and formulas. Applications of human factors engineering are also addressed. The text will be valuable to human factor engineers and specialists, reliability and maintainability specialists, system and design engineers, industrial engineers, quality control engineers, and students.

Table of Contents


  • List of Figures

    List of Tables

    Preface and Acknowledgments

    Chapter 1. Introduction

    History of Human Factors

    Brief History of Human Reliability

    Terms and Definitions

    Scope of the Book

    Summary

    Exercises

    References

    Chapter 2. Mathematics and Basic Reliability Concepts

    Introduction

    Probability

    Probability Distributions

    Laplace Transforms

    Quadratic Equations

    Reliability Networks

    Final-Value Theorem and Mean Time to Failure

    Summary

    Exercises

    References

    Chapter 3. Introduction to Human Reliability

    Introduction

    Stress

    Rook's Model of Human Error Occurrence

    Human Performance Reliability Modeling

    Fault Tree Method

    Summary

    Exercises

    References

    Chapter 4. Human Errors

    Introduction

    Reasons for Human Errors and Their Consequences

    Occurrence of Human Errors

    Classification of Human Errors

    Human Error Probability Estimates

    Human Error in Air Traffic Control System Operations and in Nuclear Power Plants

    Human Error Prevention Methods

    Summary

    Exercises

    References

    Chapter 5. Human-Reliability Analysis Methods

    Introduction

    Technique for Human Error Rate Prediction (THERP)

    Probability Tree Method

    Pontecorvo's Method of Predicting Human Reliability

    The Throughput Ratio Method

    Personnel Reliability Index

    Block Diagram Method

    Summary

    Exercises

    References

    Chapter 6. Reliability Evaluation of Systems with Human Errors

    Introduction

    Reliability Evaluation of Redundant Systems with Human Error

    Reliability Determination of Redundant Systems with Critical Human Error

    Reliability Analysis of On-Surface Transit Systems with Human Errors

    Reliability Evaluation of Human Operators under Stress

    Availability Analysis of a System with Human Errors

    Summary

    Exercises

    References

    Chapter 7. Human Factors in Maintenance and Maintainability

    Introduction

    Human Factors in Maintenance

    Human Factors in Maintainability

    Useful Guidelines for Professionals Involved with Maintenance and Maintainability

    Maintenance Procedures and Job Aids

    Manpower Requirement Models

    The Maintenance Reduction Curve

    Summary

    Exercises

    References

    Chapter 8. Human Safety

    Introduction

    Accident Losses

    Reasons for Accidents

    Accident- and Error-Reduction Measures

    Accident Investigation

    Man Versus Machines

    Activities of the Safety Engineer and Safety-Warning-Related Questions for Design Engineers

    Safety Devices and Human Failure Modes

    Factors for Potential Human Errors and Advantages of Error Study over Accident Study

    Selected Safety-Related Formulas

    Summary

    Exercises

    References

    Chapter 9. Human Reliability Data

    Introduction

    General ReHability Data

    Human Factors Data

    Guidelines for Human Performance Reliability Data System Development

    Human Performance Data Collection Methods

    Data Banks for Human Reliability Studies

    Sources of Human-Related Data in Process Plants

    Human Error Data for Selected Tasks and Human Reliability Data Sources

    Summary

    Exercises

    References

    Chapter 10. Human Factors in Quality Control

    Introduction

    Human Element Considerations in Quality Assurance

    Management- and Operator-Controllable Errors in Quality Control

    Functions of Quality Supervisors

    Inspection

    Inspection-Related Mathematical Models

    Summary

    Exercises

    References

    Chapter 11. Human Factors in Design

    Introduction

    Effectiveness of Human Factors Considerations in Engineering Design

    Human Factors Considerations in Various Stages of a System

    Useful Guidelines for Designers with Respect to Selected Human Factors

    Human Sensory Capacities and Human Reactions to Extreme Environments

    Illumination

    Procedures and Procedure Evaluation

    Product Safety Considerations in the Design Process

    Selected Useful Questions for Designers

    Advantages of Human Factors Considerations in System Design

    Summary

    Exercises

    References

    Chapter 12. Mathematical Models

    Introduction

    Useful Formulas

    Mathematical Models

    Summary

    Exercises

    References

    Chapter 13. Applications of Human Factors Engineering

    Introduction

    Human Factors in Transportation Systems

    Human Factors in Military Systems

    Human Factors in Nuclear Power Generation

    Human Factors in Process Control

    Human Factors in Business Information Systems

    Summary

    Exercises

    References

    Index

    About the Author


Product details

  • No. of pages: 260
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Pergamon 1986
  • Published: January 1, 1986
  • Imprint: Pergamon
  • eBook ISBN: 9781483149295

About the Author

Balbir S. Dhillon

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