Human Physiology in Extreme Environments

Human Physiology in Extreme Environments

1st Edition - November 26, 2014

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  • Author: Hanns-Christian Gunga
  • Hardcover ISBN: 9780123869470
  • eBook ISBN: 9780123869982

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Human Physiology in Extreme Environments is the one publication that offers how human biology and physiology is affected by extreme environments while highlighting technological innovations that allow us to adapt and regulate environments. Covering a broad range of extreme environments, including high altitude, underwater, tropical climates, and desert and arctic climates as well as space travel, this book will include case studies for practical application. Graduate students, medical students and researchers will find Human Physiology in Extreme Environments an interesting, informative and useful resource for human physiology, environmental physiology and medical studies.

Key Features

  • Presents human physiological challenges in Extreme Environments combined in one single resource
  • Provides an excellent source of information regarding paleontological and anthropological aspects
  • Offers practical medical and scientific use of current concepts


Graduate students studying human physiology and environmental physiology; medical students; basic science students; students studying developmental and evolutionary biology; researchers new to the field across academic, medical, corporate and government areas.

Table of Contents

    • Dedication
    • Preface
    • Chapter 1: Introduction
      • Abstract
      • 1.1 Universe
      • 1.2 Galaxies
      • 1.3 Planetary System
      • 1.4 Earth-Moon System
      • 1.5 Life
    • Chapter 2: Methodology
      • Abstract
      • 2.1 Introduction
      • 2.2 Historical Aspects
      • 2.3 Accelerating Growth of Technology
      • 2.4 Characteristics of Mobile Technologies for Field Use
      • 2.5 Smart Devices
      • 2.6 Outlook
    • Chapter 3: Exercise Physiology
      • Abstract
      • 3.1 Introduction
      • 3.2 Physical Principles
      • 3.3 Ergometry
      • 3.4 Energy Expenditure
      • 3.5 VO2 max
      • 3.6 Energy Sources and Storage
      • 3.7 Musculature
      • 3.8 Energy and Exercise Intensity
      • 3.9 Lactate Threshold
      • 3.10 Oxygen Supply
      • 3.11 Strength
      • 3.12 Training
      • 3.13 Sport, Health, and Evolutionary Aspects
    • Chapter 4: Pressure Environment
      • Abstract
      • 4.1 Hypobaric Environment
      • 4.2 Hyperbaric Environment
    • Chapter 5: Desert and Tropical Environment
      • Abstract
      • 5.1 Introduction
      • 5.2 Thermal Balance
      • 5.3 Heat Production
      • 5.4 Methodologies of Core Body Temperature Measurement
      • 5.5 Basics of Heat Transfer
      • 5.6 Thermoregulation
      • 5.7 Special Temperature Regulation
      • 5.8 Adaptation, Acclimatization, Acclimation, and Habituation
      • 5.9 Hyperthermia and Fever
      • 5.10 Thermoregulation and Climate
      • 5.11 Outlook: Global Warming and Human Health
      • 5.12 Summary
    • Chapter 6: Cold Environments
      • Abstract
      • Preface
      • 6.1 Introduction
      • 6.2 Arctic Regions
      • 6.3 Antarctic Regions
      • 6.4 Summary
    • Chapter 7: Space
      • Abstract
      • 7.1 Introduction
      • 7.2 Mission Scenarios
      • 7.3 Major Physiological and Medical Limitations During Long-Term Spaceflight
      • 7.4 Life Support Systems on ISS
      • 7.5 Experience to Date
      • 7.6 Special Medical Physiological Problems Arising from Residence in Space
    • Index

Product details

  • No. of pages: 336
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Academic Press 2014
  • Published: November 26, 2014
  • Imprint: Academic Press
  • Hardcover ISBN: 9780123869470
  • eBook ISBN: 9780123869982

About the Author

Hanns-Christian Gunga

Dr. Gunga has been working in the field of integrated research on humans in extreme environments for more than 25 years. He has garnered financial support from the German Government (BMBF/BMWI/DLR) and established public private partnerships with the Center of Space Medicine and Extreme Environments at the Charité University Medicine Berlin. As a PI, he has conducted several national and international research studies in different laboratories and under field conditions around the world and in space. (e.g. MIR, Shuttle, International Space Station). His team combines scientific research at the academic forefront in different extreme environments with teaching duties at one of the largest medical clinics in Europe. In addition, he has been invited to give lecture courses on human in extreme environments at the Northwestern Polytechnic University in Xi’an (China) in the frame of the ‘High End Foreign Expert Program’ of the Chinese Government from 2012-2016 and recently renewed this contract for an additional three years (2017-2019). Furthermore, in October 2016 he was invited by the Universidad de Antofagasta to give an internet-based lecture, which was officially announced in the frame of the ‘Latin American Network of High Altitude Medicine and Physiology.’ The Chilean Government and the German Academic Exchange Program (DAAD, Bonn) financed this guest professorship. In April 2017, the guest professorship was renewed and will be conducted in October and November this year, again at the University Antofagasta.

Affiliations and Expertise

Professor, Center for Space Medicine & Extreme Environments, Institute of Physiology, Institute of Physiology, Charite´ University Medicine Berlin, Berlin, Germany

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