Human Judgement and Decision Processes

Human Judgement and Decision Processes

1st Edition - January 28, 1975

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  • Editor: Martin F. Kaplan
  • eBook ISBN: 9781483288727

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Description

Human Judgment and Decision Processes is a collection of papers that covers the various theoretical frameworks that relate judgment to decision making. The book is comprised of 10 chapters that cover both mathematical models involved in decision making and interpersonal aspect of judgment process. The first five chapters cover papers about decision making. The subjects of the papers include multiattribute utility measurement for social decision making; portfolio theory and the measurement of risk; and information-integration analysis of risky decision making. The other half of the text deals with the judgment process, which includes topics such as interaction of judge and informational components; judgment and decision processes in the formation and change of social attitudes; and the role of probabilistic and syllogistic reasoning in cognitive organization and social inference. The book will be of great use to psychologists involved in research on human judgment and decision process.

Table of Contents


  • Contributors

    Preface

    Acknowledgments

    1. Public Values: Multiattribute-Utility Measurement for Social

    Decision Making

    Introduction

    The State of the Art in Land-Use Regulation

    An Overview of Decision Analysis as it Applies to Planning and Evaluation

    Outcome Evaluation Using Multiattribute-Utility Measurement

    A Simple Multiattribute-Rating Technique (SMART)

    The Case Study

    A Public Technology for Land-Use Management

    References

    2. Decision Processes in Recognition Memory

    Decision and Memory: A Hypothetical Mechanism for the Influence of Semantic Memory on Episodic Recognition- Memory Tasks

    The Decision Model: Evidence from Experiments on the Recognition of Words and Names

    The Decision Model: Evidence from Experiments on the Recognition of Word Strings and Sentences

    Relationships between the Decision Model and Other Views of Memory

    Conclusions

    References

    3. Portfolio Theory and the Measurement of Risk

    Introduction

    A Theory of Risk Preference

    The Measurement of Risk

    Discussion and Interpretation

    Appendix

    References

    4. Formal Models of Dilemmas in Social Decision Making

    Introduction

    Social Dilemma: A Formal Definition

    The Commons Dilemma

    References

    5. An Information-Integration Analysis of Risky Decision Making

    Introduction

    Information-Integration Theory

    Multiplying Model

    Adding Model

    Discussion

    References

    6. Information Integration in Social Judgment: Interaction of Judge and Informational Components

    Introduction

    The Basic Model

    The Judge in Social Judgment

    Interaction of Judge and Informational Variables

    Concluding Comments

    References

    7. Integrating Verbal Information: The Referential-Communication Paradigm

    Introduction

    Related Work

    Redundancy and Communication

    Ensemble Size and Communication

    Concluding Remarks

    References

    8. Judgment and Decision Processes in the Formation and Change of Social Attitudes

    Introduction

    An Overview of the System

    Phase 1: Processing Information about Alternative

    Positions on an Issue

    Phase 2: Choosing among Alternative Positions

    Phase 3: Describing Oneself on Attitude-Related Variables

    Phase 4: Attitude Change and Judgmental Change

    Conclusion

    References

    9. The Role of Probabilistic and Syllogistic Reasoning in Cognitive Organization and Social Inference

    Introduction

    The Nature of Cognitions

    Tests of Subjective-Probability Models of Social Inference

    Implications of a Syllogistic Model of Cognitive

    Functioning

    The Contribution of Nonlogical Factors to Inference Phenomena

    Concluding Remarks

    References

    Why is Judgment Required?

    Basic Concepts

    Quantitative Method

    Discussion of Unique Contributions in Four Cases

    Summary

    References

    Author Index

    Subject Index


Product details

  • No. of pages: 333
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Academic Press 1976
  • Published: January 28, 1975
  • Imprint: Academic Press
  • eBook ISBN: 9781483288727

About the Editor

Martin F. Kaplan

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