Human Judgement and Decision Processes

Human Judgement and Decision Processes

1st Edition - January 28, 1975

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  • Editor: Martin F. Kaplan
  • eBook ISBN: 9781483288727

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Human Judgment and Decision Processes is a collection of papers that covers the various theoretical frameworks that relate judgment to decision making. The book is comprised of 10 chapters that cover both mathematical models involved in decision making and interpersonal aspect of judgment process. The first five chapters cover papers about decision making. The subjects of the papers include multiattribute utility measurement for social decision making; portfolio theory and the measurement of risk; and information-integration analysis of risky decision making. The other half of the text deals with the judgment process, which includes topics such as interaction of judge and informational components; judgment and decision processes in the formation and change of social attitudes; and the role of probabilistic and syllogistic reasoning in cognitive organization and social inference. The book will be of great use to psychologists involved in research on human judgment and decision process.

Table of Contents

  • Contributors



    1. Public Values: Multiattribute-Utility Measurement for Social

    Decision Making


    The State of the Art in Land-Use Regulation

    An Overview of Decision Analysis as it Applies to Planning and Evaluation

    Outcome Evaluation Using Multiattribute-Utility Measurement

    A Simple Multiattribute-Rating Technique (SMART)

    The Case Study

    A Public Technology for Land-Use Management


    2. Decision Processes in Recognition Memory

    Decision and Memory: A Hypothetical Mechanism for the Influence of Semantic Memory on Episodic Recognition- Memory Tasks

    The Decision Model: Evidence from Experiments on the Recognition of Words and Names

    The Decision Model: Evidence from Experiments on the Recognition of Word Strings and Sentences

    Relationships between the Decision Model and Other Views of Memory



    3. Portfolio Theory and the Measurement of Risk


    A Theory of Risk Preference

    The Measurement of Risk

    Discussion and Interpretation



    4. Formal Models of Dilemmas in Social Decision Making


    Social Dilemma: A Formal Definition

    The Commons Dilemma


    5. An Information-Integration Analysis of Risky Decision Making


    Information-Integration Theory

    Multiplying Model

    Adding Model



    6. Information Integration in Social Judgment: Interaction of Judge and Informational Components


    The Basic Model

    The Judge in Social Judgment

    Interaction of Judge and Informational Variables

    Concluding Comments


    7. Integrating Verbal Information: The Referential-Communication Paradigm


    Related Work

    Redundancy and Communication

    Ensemble Size and Communication

    Concluding Remarks


    8. Judgment and Decision Processes in the Formation and Change of Social Attitudes


    An Overview of the System

    Phase 1: Processing Information about Alternative

    Positions on an Issue

    Phase 2: Choosing among Alternative Positions

    Phase 3: Describing Oneself on Attitude-Related Variables

    Phase 4: Attitude Change and Judgmental Change



    9. The Role of Probabilistic and Syllogistic Reasoning in Cognitive Organization and Social Inference


    The Nature of Cognitions

    Tests of Subjective-Probability Models of Social Inference

    Implications of a Syllogistic Model of Cognitive


    The Contribution of Nonlogical Factors to Inference Phenomena

    Concluding Remarks


    Why is Judgment Required?

    Basic Concepts

    Quantitative Method

    Discussion of Unique Contributions in Four Cases



    Author Index

    Subject Index

Product details

  • No. of pages: 333
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Academic Press 1976
  • Published: January 28, 1975
  • Imprint: Academic Press
  • eBook ISBN: 9781483288727

About the Editor

Martin F. Kaplan

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