Hot Embossing

1st Edition

Theory and Technology of Microreplication

Authors: Matthias Worgull
Hardcover ISBN: 9780815515791
eBook ISBN: 9780815519744
Imprint: William Andrew
Published Date: 23rd June 2009
Page Count: 368
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Table of Contents

1 Introduction 1.1 Hot embossing as a replication technology for microstructures 1.2 History of (Micro) Hot Embossing 1.3 Development of hot embossing 1.3.1 The beginning of hot embossing 1.3.2 Micro hot embossing today - state of the art
1.4 Aim of the book
2 Replication Processes 2.1 Overview Micro Replication Processes
2.2 Micro Reaction Injection molding (RIM) 2.2.1 Process
2.2.2 Technology of micro reaction injection molding
2.2.3 Material
2.2.4 Cost effectiveness
2.2.5 Characteristics
2.3 Micro Injection Molding
2.3.1 process
2.3.2 Technology of micro injection molding
2.3.3 Materials for micro injection molding
2.3.4 Cost effectiveness
2.3.5 Characteristics
2.4 Injection compression molding
2.5 Micro Hot Embossing
2.5.1 Technology of hot embossing
2.5.2 Materials for hot embossing
2.5.3 Cost effectiveness
2.5.4 Characteristics 2.6 Micro Thermoforming 2.6.1 Process
2.6.2 Materials for thermoforming
2.6.3 Cost effectiveness
2.6.4 Characteristics
2.7 Nanoimprint
2.7.1 Micro contact printing
2.7.2 Nanoimprint of UV-curable materials
2.7.3 Nanoimprint of thermoplastic polymers
2.8 Comparison of Processes
2.8.1 Design


This book is an overview of replication technology for micro- and nanostructures, focusing on the techniques and technology of hot embossing, a scaleable and multi-purpose technology for the manufacture of devices such as BioMEMS and microfluidic devices which are expected to revolutionize a wide range of medical and industrial processes over the coming decade.

The hot embossing process for replicating microstructures was developed by the Forschungszentrum Karlsruhe (Karlsruhe Institute of Technology) where the author is head of the Nanoreplication Group. Worgull fills a gap in existing information by fully detailing the technology and techniques of hot embossing.  He also covers nanoimprinting, a process related to hot embossing, with examples of actual research topics and new applications in nanoreplication.

Key Features

A practical and theoretical guide to selecting the materials, machinery and processes involved in microreplication using hot embossing techniques.

Compares different replication processes such as: micro injection molding, micro thermoforming, micro hot embossing, and nanoimprinting

*Details commercially available hot embossing machinery and components like tools and mold inserts


Engineers and students involved in microreplication. Polymer processors and polymer developers.


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© William Andrew 2009
William Andrew
eBook ISBN:
Hardcover ISBN:

About the Authors

Matthias Worgull Author

Affiliations and Expertise

Forschunszentrum Karlsruhe (Karlsruhe Institute of Technology), Institute for Microstructure Technology