Horticultural Plant Breeding - 1st Edition - ISBN: 9780128153963

Horticultural Plant Breeding

1st Edition

Authors: Thomas Orton
Paperback ISBN: 9780128153963
Imprint: Academic Press
Published Date: 2nd April 2019
Page Count: 260
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Description

Horticultural Plant Breeding is a complete and comprehensive resource on the development of new cultivars or clones of horticultural crops. It covers the basic theories that underpin plant breeding and applies Mendelian, quantitative and population inheritance in smaller populations where the individual has high value. Specific traditional breeding methods are also covered, with an emphasis on how these methods are adapted for horticultural species. In addition, the integration of biotechnologies with traditional breeding methodologies are included, with an emphasis on specific applications for fruits, vegetables and ornamental species. It is an ideal resource for professionals, academics, and undergraduate and graduate students.

Sections cover historical perspectives and context, genetics as a critical foundation of plant breeding, and treatments of the various components of breeding programs, such as germplasm, breeding objectives, population engineering, mating systems, artificial selection systems, post-breeding activities, established breeding methods applicable to inbreeding and outcrossing situations, and examples of A to Z breeding in a broad spectrum of horticultural crop species.

Key Features

  • Provides a complete and comprehensive resource for those involved in the development of new cultivars or clones of horticultural crops
  • Guides readers to the most appropriate breeding strategy and likely balance of traditional and biotechnology tools that will best achieve a cost-effective outcome
  • Includes access to 20 narrated slide sets to facilitate additional understanding

Readership

Upper level undergraduate, graduate and post-graduate students, professional practitioners

Table of Contents

1. Introduction to and History of Plant Breeding
2. The Context of Plant Breeding
3. Review of Genetics (From the Perspective of a Plant Breeder)
4. Engineered Population Structures
5. Mass Selection and the Basic Breeding Algorithm
6. Germplasm and Genetic Variability
7. Methods to Enhance Genetic Variability
8. Improvement of Selection Effectiveness
9. Natural Mating Systems and Controlled Mating
10. Breeding Objectives
11. Variety Testing and Seed Production
12. Protection of Proprietary Germplasm

Section 2. Breeding Methods
13. The Pedigree Method
14. Other Methods for Self Pollinated Plant Species
15. Breeding Methods for Outcrossing Plant Species

I. History and Open Pollinated Populations 
16. Breeding Methods for Outcrossing Plant Species

II. Hybrid Varieties
17.- Breeding Methods for Outcrossing Plant Species

III. Asexual Propagation
18. The Backcross Method
19. Disease and Insect Resistance

Section 3. Plant Breeding in Action: Specific Horticultural Species
20. Lillium
21. American dogwood
22. Peach
23. Hazelnut
24. Cranberry and Blueberry
25. Wine and Table Grape
26. Capsicum Pepper
27. Tomato
28. Asparagus
29. Cucumber 
30. Carrot
31. Strawberry
32. Sweet Corn
33. Leaf Amaranth
34. Apios, a Native North American Tuberous Species

Details

No. of pages:
260
Language:
English
Copyright:
© Academic Press 2019
Published:
Imprint:
Academic Press
Paperback ISBN:
9780128153963

About the Author

Thomas Orton

Dr. Orton attended Michigan State University, where he earned a Ph.D. in Botany and Genetics. He was then an Assistant Professor and Geneticist at the University of California, Davis where he conducted research on breeding and genetics of cool season vegetables. Subsequently, Dr. Orton was a Group Leader at Agrigenetics Corp. (Boulder, CO) where his focus was on the applications of biotechnology in plant breeding. Later, he was appointed as Senior Director at DNA Plant Technology Corp. (Cinnaminson, NJ) charged with all aspects of product development of fresh pre-cut/packaged vegetables, including plant breeding and applications of biotechnology. He developed new celery and carrot varieties, and was awarded a patent for food processing applications of vegetable varieties. He then joined the faculty of the School of Environmental and Biological Sciences at Rutgers University, where he served as Department Chair and Assistant Director of Rutgers Cooperative Extension before assuming his current position, Professor of Plant Biology in 2004. He is located at the Rutgers Agricultural Research and Extension Center in Bridgeton, NJ. His research and extension program focuses on fresh market and processing tomato genetics and breeding, specialty Capsicum pepper breeding, season extension in asparagus, and new product development in perishable commodities. Dr. Orton has taught undergraduate “Plant Breeding” at both UCDavis and at Rutgers, where he has co-taught for the past 15 years. He has been active in the development and dissemination of scholarship, publishing 48 refereed papers, 14 invited book chapters, 2 co-edited books (on applications of biotechnology in plant breeding), and a large complement of abstracts, non-refereed articles, and conference proceedings. He has been invited to present his research results at 50 scientific meetings and institutional seminars, and garnered $1.8 million to support his programs.

Affiliations and Expertise

Agrigenetics Research Corporation,

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