Hormones and Breast Cancer, Volume 93

1st Edition

Serial Editors: Gerald Litwack
Hardcover ISBN: 9780124166738
eBook ISBN: 9780124166769
Imprint: Academic Press
Published Date: 8th July 2013
Page Count: 424
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Table of Contents

Former Editors



Chapter One. Estrogen-Mediated Mechanisms to Control the Growth and Apoptosis of Breast Cancer Cells: A Translational Research Success Story

1 Introduction

2 Clinical Presentation of Breast Cancer

3 Targeted Therapy

4 Transition to Tamoxifen

5 Selective Estrogen Receptor Modulation

6 Acquired Drug Resistance and the Surprise of SERMs

7 Estrogen-Induced Apoptosis: Back to the Beginning

8 The Legacy of Tamoxifen



Chapter Two. The Epidemiology and Molecular Mechanisms Linking Obesity, Diabetes, and Cancer

1 Introduction

2 Type 2 Diabetes and Breast Cancer

3 The Role of Cholesterol in Cancer Growth

4 Obesity, Estrogen, and Breast Cancer

5 Current Medications for Type 2 Diabetes: Relationship to Breast Cancer

6 Conclusions and Future Directions


Chapter Three. Sex Hormone Receptors in Breast Cancer

1 Introduction

2 Historical Perspective

3 Receptor Structure and Function

4 ER Agonists and Antagonists

5 Molecular Mechanisms of Estrogen Signaling

6 Implications in Breast Cancer

7 Future Directions


Chapter Four. Modulation of Estrogen Receptor Alpha Activity and Expression During Breast Cancer Progression

1 Introduction

2 DNA Methylation

3 ERα Transcriptional Regulation by cis- and trans-Acting Elements

4 ERα Gene Mutations and Splice Variants

5 MicroRNA Deregulation

6 Cross Talk with Growth Factor Receptor Signaling

7 ER Posttranslational Modifications

8 Hypoxia

9 ER Coregulators

10 Breast Cancer Stem-Like Cells

11 Pioneer Factors and Endocrine-Resistant Specific Cistromes

12 Conclusions and Future Directions



First published in 1943, Vitamins and Hormones is the longest-running serial published by Academic Press. The Editorial Board now reflects expertise in the field of hormone action, vitamin action, X-ray crystal structure, physiology and enzyme mechanisms.

Under the capable and qualified editorial leadership of Dr. Gerald Litwack, Vitamins and Hormones continues to publish cutting-edge reviews of interest to endocrinologists, biochemists, nutritionists, pharmacologists, cell biologists and molecular biologists. Others interested in the structure and function of biologically active molecules like hormones and vitamins will, as always, turn to this series for comprehensive reviews by leading contributors to this and related disciplines.

This volume focuses on hormones and breast cancer.

Key Features

  • Contributions from leading authorities
  • Informs and updates on all the latest developments in the field


Researchers, faculty, and graduate students interested in cutting-edge review concerning the molecular and cellular biology of vitamins, hormones, and related factors and co-factors. Libraries and laboratories at institutes with strong programs in cell biology, biochemistry, molecular biology, gene regulation, hormone control, and signal transduction are likely to be interested


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About the Serial Editors

Gerald Litwack Serial Editor

Following a liberal arts education with a major in chemistry and biology at Hobart College, Gerald (Gerry) Litwack earned M.S. and PhD degrees in biochemistry from the University of Wisconsin, Madison where he served as a Lecturer in Enzymology before starting a postdoctoral fellowship from the National Foundation for Infantile Paralysis at the Biochemical Institute of the Sorbonne in Paris. His first academic position was assistant professor of biochemistry at Rutgers University where he started his work on hormone action for six years. During this period, he did a sabbatical at the University of California, Berkeley, where he concentrated on rapid enzyme kinetics. In 1960 he accepted an offer of an associate professorship at the University of Pennsylvania Graduate School of Medicine. In 1964, he was invited to be full professor of biochemistry at The Fels Institute for Cancer Research and Molecular Biology at Temple Medical School, simultaneously with a Career Development Award from the NIH, where he later was named Deputy Director of the Institute and the Laura H. Carnell Professor in biochemistry. Subsequently, he was given the Faculty Research Award. He co-discovered ligandin, later found to be in the family of glutathione S-transferases, enzymes that protect the body from carcinogens. In 1991, he moved to the Jefferson Medical College at Thomas Jefferson University as Professor of Biochemistry, Chair of the Department of Pharmacology and Deputy Director of the Kimmel Cancer Research Institute. Later, he became chair of the combined Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Pharmacology and concurrently held the position of Vice Dean for Research. In 2003, he moved to Los Angeles and from 2004-2006 was a Visiting Scholar at the University of California, Los Angeles, in the Department of Biological Chemistry of the Geffen School of Medicine and, in this period, wrote “Human Biochemistry and Disease” a volume of 1254 pages. In 2007, he moved to Scranton,

Affiliations and Expertise

Toluca Lake, North Hollywood, California, USA