D.B. Wake, Foreword.
Implications of Homoplasy:
D.R. Brooks, Explanations of Homoplasy at Different Levels of Biological Organization.
J.J. Doyle, Homoplasy Connections and Disconnections: Genes and Species, Molecules and Morphology.
M.J. Sanderson and M.J. Donoghue, The Relationship between Homoplasy and Confidence in a Phylogenetic Tree.
R.M. Bateman, Nonfloral Homoplasy and Evolutionary Scenarios in Living and Fossil Land Plants.
H.C. Proctor, Behavioral Characters and Homoplasy: Perception versus Practice.
Measures of Homoplasy:
J.W. Archie, Measures of Homoplasy.
J.T. Chang and J. Kim, The Measurement of Homoplasy: A Stochastic View.
Generation of Homoplasy:
D.W. McShea, Complexity and Homoplasy.
W.S. Armbruster, Exaptation, Adaptation, and Homoplasy: Evolution of Ecological Traits in Dalechampia Vines.
S.A. Foster, W.A. Cresko, K.P. Johnson, M.U. Tlusty, and H.E. Willmott, Patterns of Homoplasy in Behavioral Evolution.
L. Hufford, Ontogenetic Evolution, Clade Diversification, and Homoplasy.
P.K. Endress, Homoplasy in Angiosperm Flowers.
Appendix 1: Families and Genera with Completely Trimerous Flowers.
Appendix 2: Families and Genera with Flowers That Are Trimerous except for the Gynoecium.
Appendix 3: Families and Genera with Flowers That Are Trimerous except for the Andorecium, Which is Polymerous.
Appendix 4: Families and Genera with Flowers That Are Trimerous except for the Calyx, Which Is Pentamerous.
M.J. Sanderson and L. Hufford, Homoplasy and the Evolutionary Process: An Afterword.