Homology

Homology

The Hierarchial Basis of Comparative Biology

1st Edition - February 7, 1994

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  • Editor: Brian Hall
  • eBook ISBN: 9780323139342

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Description

Homology, the similarity between organisms that is due to common ancestry, is the central concept of all comparative biology. However, the application of this concept varies depending on the data being examined. This volume represents a state-of-the-art treatment of the different applications of this unifying concept. Chapters deal with homology on all levels, from molecules to behavior, and are authored by leading contributors to systematics, natural history, and evolutionary, developmental, and comparative biology.

Key Features

  • Commemoration of the 150th anniverary of Sir Richard Owen's seminal paper distinguishing homology from analogy
  • Contributors who are renowned leaders in compative biology
  • Coverage that is both comprehensive and interdisciplinary

Table of Contents

  • Contributors.
    Introduction, B.K. Hall.
    Some Unanswered Questions.
    Richard Owen and Homology.
    History of the Term and Concept.
    A Phylogenetic Definition of Homology.
    Embryonic Development and Homology.
    Continuity of Information and Homology.
    Homology in Molecular Biology.
    Homology and Behavior.
    Homology and Plant Biology.
    References.
    Richard Owen and the Concept of Homology, A.L. Panchen.
    Introduction.
    The Archetype.
    The Definition of Homology.
    Definitions, Criteria, and Explanations.
    Conclusions: Richard Owen and Homology.
    Homology, Topology, and Typology: The History of Modern Debates, O. Rieppel.
    Introductions.
    Defining Homology.
    Recognizing Homology.
    Connectivity versus Topology in the Search for Homology.
    Changing Identities and Taxic Homology.
    Transformational and Taxic Approaches.
    Homology, Topology, and Individuality.
    The Hierarchy of Types.
    Conclusion.
    References.
    Homology and Systematics, G. Nelson.
    Introduction.
    Cladistics.
    Contentions.
    Biogeography.
    Conclusions.
    References.
    Homology, Form, and Function, G.V. Lauder.
    Introduction.
    Homology and Structure.
    Searching for the Locus of Homology.
    Homology and Phylogeny.
    Homology and Function.
    Conclusions.
    References.
    Can Biometrical Shape Be A Homologous Character?, F.L. Bookstein.
    Historical Introduction.
    Earlier Versions of the Argument.
    Getting to the Root of the Dilemma.
    The Incommensurability of Biometrics and Systematics.
    Conclusions.
    References.
    Homology, Development, and Heredity, B. Goodwin.
    Introduction.
    Homology: An Unsolved Problem.
    Homology as Equivalence.
    Generative Invariants.
    Gene Action.
    Unitary Morphogenetic Fields.
    Conclusions.
    References.
    History, Ontogeny, and Evolution of the Archetype, N.H. Shubin.
    Introduction.
    Three Issues in the Analysis of Homology.
    Developmental Approaches to Homology.
    Conflicts between History and Ontogeny.
    Conclusions.
    References.
    Homology and the Mechanisms of Development, G.P. Wagner.
    Introduction.
    Why Is Structural Identity more Fundamental for the Homology Concept Than Common Ancestry?
    Development and Structural Identity.
    An Anecdotal Review of Morphostatic Developmental Mechanisms.
    Constraints and Structural Identity.
    Conclusions.
    References.
    Within and Between Organisms: Replicators, Lineages, and Homologues, V.L. Roth.
    Introduction.
    Pattern 'versus' Process.
    Definition.
    Types of Homology.
    Sources of Continuity.
    Conclusions.
    References.
    Homology in Molecular Biology, D.M. Hillis.
    Introduction.
    Classes of Molecular Homology.
    Concerted Evolution of Paralogous Sequences.
    Partial Homology of Molecules: Exon Shuffling.
    Positional Homology and Sequence Alignment.
    Homology in Indirect (Nonsequence) Molecular Techniques.
    Summary.
    References.
    Homology and Behavioral Repertoires, H.W. Greene.
    Introduction.
    Two Serpentine Examples.
    Conceptual and Methodological Issues.
    Prospects and Problems.
    References.
    Complexity and Homology in Plants, M.J. Donoghue and M.J. Sanderson.
    Introduction.
    Background.
    Molecules and Morphology.
    Simplicity and Complexity.
    Complexity and Homoplasy.
    Homology and Homoplasy in Plants.
    A Possible Test.
    General Discussion.
    References.
    Homology, Homeosis, and Process Morphology in Plants, R. Sattler.
    Introduction.
    Homology and Correspondence.
    Homeosis and Homology.
    Multivariate Analysis and Morphological Distance.
    Process Morphology and Homology.
    Process Morphology and Evolution.
    Summary and Conclusions.
    References.
    Index.

Product details

  • No. of pages: 483
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Academic Press 1994
  • Published: February 7, 1994
  • Imprint: Academic Press
  • eBook ISBN: 9780323139342

About the Editor

Brian Hall

Affiliations and Expertise

Dalhousie University, Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada

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