Hollow Glass Microspheres for Plastics, Elastomers, and Adhesives Compounds

Hollow Glass Microspheres for Plastics, Elastomers, and Adhesives Compounds

1st Edition - April 30, 2015

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  • Authors: Steve Amos, Baris Yalcin
  • Hardcover ISBN: 9781455774432
  • eBook ISBN: 9781455775507

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Description

Hollow Glass Microspheres for Plastics, Elastomers, and Adhesives Compounds brings together, for the first time, all of the practical and theoretical aspects of glass bubble manufacturing, including its properties, processing, and applications, as well as regulatory, environmental, and health and safety aspects. The book enables the reader to evaluate the applicability of glass bubbles to various applications involving polymers in thermoplastics, elastomers, liquid thermosets, and adhesives. It is an indispensible guide for material selection and improving sustainability of products. Related data sets and case studies complement the book, making it a reference book for plastics processors, product designers, and engineers working with plastics and elastomers, and anyone who wants to improve functionality and performance, make their products lighter, longer lasting, and stronger, all while reducing costs and material needs.

Key Features

  • Provides best practices for plastics and rubber processing with glass bubbles
  • Synthesizes all of the practical and theoretical aspects of glass bubble manufacturing, including its properties, applications, and more
  • Describes different end-use applications and how glass bubbles influence various properties, including mechanical, structural, thermal, and optical properties in these applications
  • A one-stop reference book that also covers the regulatory and environmental aspects of this important additive

Readership

Engineers, Processors, Compounders, and R&D Scientists dealing with processing of plastics, elastomers and composites. Students of polymer engineering, mechanical engineering, material science, automotive engineering, aerospace engineering; End users of products made of plastics and elastomers with Glass Bubble fillers

Table of Contents

  • 1. Introduction

    • Early Application Examples

    2. Characterization

    • Density
    • True Density Using Gas Pycnometer
    • Bulk Isostatic Compression of HGMs
    • Uniaxial Compression Testing of Individual HGMs
    • Thermal Characterization
    • Thermal Conductivity
    • Electrical Properties and Dielectric Properties
    • Microscopic Imaging of HGMs

    3. Hollow Glass Microspheres in Thermoplastics

    • Introduction
    • Benefits of HGMs in Thermoplastics
    • Productivity Benefits of HGMs Through Faster Cooling Rates from the Melt
    • Dimensional Stability
    • Processing of HGMs
    • Pelletizing Effect on HGM Survival
    • Effect of Polymer Melt Viscosity on HGM Survival
    • Effect of Back Pressure on HGM Survival
    • Effect of HGM Loading on HGM Survival
    • HGMs in Polyolefins
    • HGMs in GF Filled PP
    • Case Study—Chemically Coupled GF Reinforced PP
    • HGMs in Talc Filled PP
    • HGMs in Unfilled Polyolefins
    • HGMs in PA
    • Comparative Review of other Thermoplastic Weight Reduction Methodologies and Combinations with HGMs

    4. Hollow Glass Microspheres in Rubbers and Elastomers

    • Benefits of HGM Use in Rubber
    • Physical Property Changes
    • Incorporation of HGMs in Rubber
    • 2-Roll Mills
    • Internal Mixers
    • Other Incorporation Methods
    • Rubber Additive Formulations and HGM Considerations
    • Application of HGM in Rubber; Example 1—Pneumatic Tires
    • Application of HGM in Rubber; Example 2—Shoe Soles
    • Application of HGM in Rubber; Example 3—Wire and Cable Compounds

    5. Hollow Glass Microspheres in Sheet Molding Compounds

    • Sheet Molding Compound Basics
    • SMC Process
    • Hollow Glass Microspheres in SMCs

    6. Hollow Glass Microspheres in Thermosets—Epoxy Syntactic Foams

    • Introduction
    • Application of Epoxy Syntactic Foams
    • Hollow Particle Properties
    • Fabrication of Syntactic Foams
    • Mechanical Properties
    • Compressive Properties
    • Tensile Properties
    • Electrical Properties
    • Thermal Properties
    • Multifunctional Syntactic Foams
    • Summary
    • List of Symbols

    7. Hollow Glass Microspheres in Polyurethanes

    • Polyurethane Basics
    • HGMs in Thermoplastic PUs
    • HGMs in Thermoset PU
    • Syntactic PU Foams
    • Specialty PU Composites
    • PU Foams

    8. Hollow Glass Microspheres in Plastisols

    • Background Information
    • HGM Use and Benefits for Plastisols
    • Plastisol Mixing and Preparation

    9. Hollow Glass Microspheres in Repair Compounds

    • Auto Repair Compounds
    • Wall Repair (Spackle Compounds)
    • Tape Joint Compound

    10. Handling of Hollow Glass Microspheres

    • Silos and Hoppers
    • Transfer of HGMs

    11. Mixing and Dispersion of Hollow Glass Microsphere Products

    • Hollow Glass Microsphere Transport to Mixer
    • Fundamentals of Dispersion
    • Mixing and Dispersing Hollow Glass Microsphere Products
    • Mixing Dynamics and Dispersion Blade Placement
    • Mixer Design Options
    • Difficulty in Mixing of Hollow Glass Microsphere-Filled Products
    • The Science of Mixing and Dispersing
    • Rheological Effects on Dispersion

Product details

  • No. of pages: 292
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © William Andrew 2015
  • Published: April 30, 2015
  • Imprint: William Andrew
  • Hardcover ISBN: 9781455774432
  • eBook ISBN: 9781455775507

About the Authors

Steve Amos

Affiliations and Expertise

Senior Product Development Specialist, 3M Energy and Advanced Materials, USA

Baris Yalcin

Affiliations and Expertise

Product Development Specialist, 3M Energy and Advanced Materials, USA

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