History of Neurology

History of Neurology

1st Edition - December 8, 2009

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  • Editors: Stanley Finger, François Boller, Kenneth Tyler
  • eBook ISBN: 9780702035418

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Handbook of Clinical Neurology: Volume 95 is the first of over 90 volumes of the handbook to be entirely devoted to the history of neurology. The book is a collection of historical materials from different neurology professionals. The book is divided into 6 sections and composed of 55 chapters organized around different aspects of the history of neurology. The first section presents the beginnings of neurology: ancient trepanation, its birth in Mesopotamia, ancient Egypt; the emergence of neurology in the biblical text and the Talmud; neurology in the Greco-Roman world and the period following Galen; neurological conditions in the European Middle Ages; and the development of neurology in the 17th and 18th centuries. The second section narrates the birth of localization theory; the beginning of neurology and histological applications, neuroanatomy, neurophysiology, surgical neurology and other anatomo-clinical methods. The third section covers further development of the discipline, including methods of neurological illustration and hospitals in neurology and neurosurgery. This section also narrates the history of child neurology, neurodisability and neuroendocrinology. It also features the application of molecular biology on clinical neurology. The fourth section describes the dysfunctions of the nervous system and their history. The fifth and last section covers the regional landmarks of neurology and the different treatments and recovery. The text is informative and useful for neuroscience or neurology professional, researchers, clinical practitioners, mental health experts, psychiatrists, and academic students and scholars in neurology.

Key Features

* A comprehensive accounting of historical developments and modern day advancements in the field of neurology
* State-of-the-art information on topics including brain damage and dysfunctions of the nervous system
* New treatments and recovery methods from redundancy to vicariation and neural transplantation, amongst others


Neuroscience research workers

Table of Contents

  • Foreword


    List of contributors

    Section 1 Beginnings

    1. Ancient trepanation

    2. Mesopotamia

    3. Neurology in Ancient Egypt

    4. Neurology in the Bible and the Talmud

    5. The Greco-Roman world

    6. After Galen: late Antiquity and the Islamic world

    7. Neurological conditions in the European Middle Ages

    8. The development of neurology and the neurological sciences in the 17th century

    9. Understanding the nervous system in the 18th century

    Section 2 Origins of modern neurology

    10. The birth of localization theory

    11. On the use of animal experimentation in the history of neurology

    12. The anatomical foundations of clinical neurology

    13. The contributions of neurophysiology to clinical neurology: an exercise in contemporary history

    14. Landmarks of surgical neurology and the interplay of disciplines

    15. Jean-Martin Charcot and the anatomo-clinical method of neurology

    16. History of the development of the neurological examination

    17. Cognitive assessment in neurology

    18. The origins of functional brain imaging in humans

    Section 3 Further developments of the discipline

    19. Visual images and neurological illustration

    20. Neurological illustration: from photography to cinematography

    21. Special hospitals in neurology and neurosurgery

    22. A history of child neurology and neurodisability

    23. History of neuroendocrinology: “the spring of primitive existence”

    24. The coming of molecular biology and its impact on clinical neurology

    Section 4 Dysfunctions of the nervous system

    25. Headache: an historical outline

    26. A history of seizures and epilepsies: from the falling disease to dysrhythmias of the brain

    27. A history of cerebrovascular disease

    28. A history of bacterial meningitis

    29. Historical aspects of the major neurological vitamin deficiency disorders: overview and

    fat-soluble vitamin A

    30. Historical aspects of the major neurological vitamin deficiency disorders: the water-soluble B vitamins

    31. Muscular dystrophy

    32. Sensory and perceptual disorders

    33. The history of movement disorders

    34. The history of sleep medicine

    35. The frontal lobes

    36. History of aphasia: from brain to language

    37. Alexia and agraphia

    Section 5 Regional landmarks

    38. American neurology

    39. An historical overview of British neurology

    40. History of neurology in France

    41. The history of neurology in Scandinavia

    42. Neurology and the neurological sciences in the German-speaking countries

    43. The development of neurology in the Low Countries

    44. History of neurology in Italy

    45. A history of Russian and Soviet neuro(patho)logy

    46. Neurology and traditional Chinese medicine

    47. History of clinical neurology in Japan

    48. History of neurology in Australia and New Zealand

    49. Clinical neurology in Latin America

    50. History of tropical neurology

    Section 6 Treatments and recovery

    51. Recovery of function: redundancy and vicariation theories

    52. The emergence of the age variable in 19th-century neurology: considerations of recovery

    patterns in acquired childhood aphasia

    53. Rehabilitation therapies

    54. The discovery of neurotransmitters, and applications to neurology

    55. Neural transplantation


Product details

  • No. of pages: 944
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Elsevier 2009
  • Published: December 8, 2009
  • Imprint: Elsevier
  • eBook ISBN: 9780702035418

About the Editors

Stanley Finger

Affiliations and Expertise

Washington University, St. Louis, MO, USA

François Boller

François Boller

François Boller, M.D., Ph.D. has been co-Series Editor of the Handbook of Clinical Neurology since 2002. He.is a board-certified neurologist currently Professor of Neurology at the George Washington University Medical School (GW) in Washington, DC. He was born in Switzerland and educated in Italy where he obtained a Medical Degree at the University of Pisa. After specializing in Neurology at the University of Milan, Dr. Boller spent several years at the Boston VA and Boston University Medical School, including a fellowship under the direction of Dr. Norman Geschwind. He obtained a Ph.D. in Experimental Psychology from Case Western Reserve University in Cleveland, Ohio where he was in charge of Neuroscience teaching at the Medical School and was nominated Teacher of the Year. In 1983, Dr. Boller became Professor of Neurology and Psychiatry at the University of Pittsburgh where he founded and directed one of the first NIH funded Alzheimer Disease Research Centers in the country. In 1989, he was put in charge of a Paris-based INSERM Unit dedicated to the neuropsychology and neurobiology of cerebral aging. He returned to the United States and joined the NIH in 2005, before coming to GW in July 2014.

Dr. Boller’s initial area of interest was aphasia and related disorders; he later became primarily interested in cognitive disorders and dementia with emphasis on the correlates of cognitive disorders with pathology, neurophysiology and imaging. He was one of the first to study the relation between Parkinson and Alzheimer disease, two processes that were thought to be unrelated. His current area of interest is Alzheimer’s disease and related disorders with emphasis on the early and late stages of the disease. He is also interested in the history of Neurosciences and is Past President of the International Society for the History of Neurosciences. He was the founding Editor-in-Chief of the European Journal of Neurology, the official Journal of the European Federation of Neurological Societies (now European Academy of Neurology). He is a Fellow of the American Academy of Neurology and a member of the American Neurological Association. In addition, he has chaired Committees within the International Neuropsychological Society, the International Neuropsychology Symposium, and the World Federation of Neurology (WFN). He has authored over 200 papers and books including the Handbook of Neuropsychology (Elsevier).

Affiliations and Expertise

Professor of Neurology, George Washington University Medical School, Washington, DC, USA

Kenneth Tyler

Affiliations and Expertise

Reuler-Lewin Family Professor of Neurology, Professor of Medicine, Microbiology and Immunology, University of Colorado Health Sciences Center, Denver Veterans Affairs Medical Center, Denver, CO, USA

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