Description

Handbook of Clinical Neurology: Volume 95 is the first of over 90 volumes of the handbook to be entirely devoted to the history of neurology. The book is a collection of historical materials from different neurology professionals. The book is divided into 6 sections and composed of 55 chapters organized around different aspects of the history of neurology. The first section presents the beginnings of neurology: ancient trepanation, its birth in Mesopotamia, ancient Egypt; the emergence of neurology in the biblical text and the Talmud; neurology in the Greco-Roman world and the period following Galen; neurological conditions in the European Middle Ages; and the development of neurology in the 17th and 18th centuries. The second section narrates the birth of localization theory; the beginning of neurology and histological applications, neuroanatomy, neurophysiology, surgical neurology and other anatomo-clinical methods. The third section covers further development of the discipline, including methods of neurological illustration and hospitals in neurology and neurosurgery. This section also narrates the history of child neurology, neurodisability and neuroendocrinology. It also features the application of molecular biology on clinical neurology. The fourth section describes the dysfunctions of the nervous system and their history. The fifth and last section covers the regional landmarks of neurology and the different treatments and recovery. The text is informative and useful for neuroscience or neurology professional, researchers, clinical practitioners, mental health experts, psychiatrists, and academic students and scholars in neurology.

Key Features

* A comprehensive accounting of historical developments and modern day advancements in the field of neurology
* State-of-the-art information on topics including brain damage and dysfunctions of the nervous system
* New treatments and recovery methods from redundancy to vicariation and neural transplantation, amongst others

Readership

Neurologists
Neuroscience research workers

Table of Contents

Foreword Preface List of contributors Section 1 Beginnings 1. Ancient trepanation 2. Mesopotamia 3. Neurology in Ancient Egypt 4. Neurology in the Bible and the Talmud 5. The Greco-Roman world 6. After Galen: late Antiquity and the Islamic world 7. Neurological conditions in the European Middle Ages 8. The development of neurology and the neurological sciences in the 17th century 9. Understanding the nervous system in the 18th century Section 2 Origins of modern neurology 10. The birth of localization theory 11. On the use of animal experimentation in the history of neurology 12. The anatomical foundations of clinical neurology 13. The contributions of neurophysiology to clinical neurology: an exercise in contemporary history 14. Landmarks of surgical neurology and the interplay of disciplines 15. Jean-Martin Charcot and the anatomo-clinical method of neurology 16. History of the development of the neurological examination 17. Cognitive assessment in neurology 18. The origins of functional brain imaging in humans Section 3 Further developments of the discipline 19. Visual images and neurological illustration 20. Neurological illustration: from photography to cinematography 21. Special hospitals in neurology and neurosurgery 22. A history of child neurology and neurodisability 23. History of neuroendocrinology: “the spring of primitive existence” 24. The coming of molecular biology and its impact on clinical neurology Section 4 Dysfunctions of the nervous system 25. Headache: an historical outline 26. A history of seizures and epilepsies: from the falling disease to dysrhythmias of the brain 27. A history of cerebrovascular disease 28. A history of bacterial meningitis 29. Historical aspects of the major neurological vitamin deficiency disorders: overview and fat-soluble vitamin A 30

Details

No. of pages:
944
Language:
English
Copyright:
© 2009
Published:
Imprint:
Elsevier
Electronic ISBN:
9780702035418
Print ISBN:
9780444520098

About the editors

Francois Boller

François Boller, M.D., Ph.D. has been co-Series Editor of the Handbook of Clinical Neurology since 2002. He.is a board-certified neurologist currently Professor of Neurology at the George Washington University Medical School (GW) in Washington, DC. He was born in Switzerland and educated in Italy where he obtained a Medical Degree at the University of Pisa. After specializing in Neurology at the University of Milan, Dr. Boller spent several years at the Boston VA and Boston University Medical School, including a fellowship under the direction of Dr. Norman Geschwind. He obtained a Ph.D. in Experimental Psychology from Case Western Reserve University in Cleveland, Ohio where he was in charge of Neuroscience teaching at the Medical School and was nominated Teacher of the Year. In 1983, Dr. Boller became Professor of Neurology and Psychiatry at the University of Pittsburgh where he founded and directed one of the first NIH funded Alzheimer Disease Research Centers in the country. In 1989, he was put in charge of a Paris-based INSERM Unit dedicated to the neuropsychology and neurobiology of cerebral aging. He returned to the United States and joined the NIH in 2005, before coming to GW in July 2014. Dr. Boller’s initial area of interest was aphasia and related disorders; he later became primarily interested in cognitive disorders and dementia with emphasis on the correlates of cognitive disorders with pathology, neurophysiology and imaging. He was one of the first to study the relation between Parkinson and Alzheimer disease, two processes that were thought to be unrelated. His current area of interest is Alzheimer’s disease and related disorders with emphasis on the early and late stages of the disease. He is also interested in the history of Neurosciences and is Past President of the International Society for the History of Neurosciences. He was the founding Editor-in-Chief of the European Journal of Neurology, the official Journal of the European Federation of Neuro