History of Criminal Justice, Fifth Edition, traces the historical development of criminal justice, focusing on the American experience. It examines ways in which human beings and their societies have dealt with the issues of crime and punishment. The book also covers developments in Europe and Britain, both as an antecedent to the national experience and as a parallel evolution of ideas and practices that have influenced American criminal justice. A treatment of ancient and medieval history has been included to both illustrate the antiquity of the issue of crime and punishment, and to provide readers with an overview of the earliest developments. The discussions cover criminal justice in ancient times; crime and punishment before the Lateran Council of 1215 through to the Renaissance (c. 1150-1550); criminal justice and the English Constitution up to 1689; criminal justice on the North American colonial frontier (1607-1700); and the Enlightenment and criminal justice. The book also covers the American Revolution and criminal justice; early American penology, European prisons, and Australia; early nineteenth-century law enforcement; turning points in criminal justice (1787-1910); corrections in modern America; law enforcement professionalism and the establishment of a criminal justice system; and the era of Homeland Security.

Key Features

* Spans all of western history, and examines the core beliefs about human nature and society that informed the development of criminal justice systems. The fifth edition gives increased coverage of American law enforcement, corrections, and legal systems
* Each chapter is enhanced with supplemental "Timeline," "Time Capsule," and "Featured Outlaw" boxes as well as discussion questions, notes and problems
* Contains discussion questions, notes, learning objectives, key terms lists, biographical vignettes of key historical figures, and "History Today" exercises to engage the reader and encourage critical thinking


Students in the criminal justice field

Table of Contents

Chapter 1: Introduction Crime Crime and Sin Chapter 2: Criminal Justice in Ancient Times Homicide Biblical Israel Athens Rome Sex Offenses Biblical Israel Athens Rome Theft Biblical Israel Athens Rome Criminal Procedure and Sanctions Biblical Israel Athens Rome Summary Chapter 3: Medieval Crime and Punishment Before the Lateran Council of 1215 Dark Ages, Gavelkind, and Outlawry Vengeance, Wergild, and Dooms Oaths, Ordeals, Torture, and Bier-Right The Fourth Lateran Council, Glanvill, and Royal Justices Summary Chapter 4: From the Lateran Councils to the Renaissance (c. 1150-1550) The French Inquisitorial System, Burning at the Stake, and Criminal Trials for Animals The English Jury System, Pressing Confessions, and Boiling to Death Commercial Revolution, Rising Populations, and Rising Crime Medieval Penology, Royal Prisons, and French Dungeons Summary Chapter 5: Criminal Justice and the English Constitution up to 1689 English Constitutionalism and the Divine Right of Kings Religion, Politics, and Criminal Justice Regicide, the Civil War, and Law Reform (1640-1660) Restoration, Glorious Revolution, Hanging Judges, and Serial Killing in Paris Summary Chapter 6: Criminal Justice on the North American Colonial Frontier (1607-1700) Virginia Under Military Law The Old Dominion and English Law Plymouth and a New Basis for Government The Special Situation in New England Policing Seventeenth-Century America Criminal Justice and Slavery Summary Chapter 7: The Enlightenment and Criminal Justice The Age of Reason, the Need for Safety, and Forbidden Books The Beginning of the End for Secret Procedures Clarity in Law; Equality in Application Procedural Guarantees, Abolition of Torture, Public Spanking, and Gendercide The Birth of Penology, Criminal Insanity, and Swift Executions Clarifying English Law and Blueprints for America The “Bloody Code,” Newgate Executions, and Old Bailey Parliamentary Reform and Royal


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