History of Analytical Chemistry - 1st Edition - ISBN: 9780080109800, 9781483157122

History of Analytical Chemistry

1st Edition

International Series of Monographs in Analytical Chemistry

Editors: R. Belcher L. Gordon
Authors: Ferenc Szabadváry
eBook ISBN: 9781483157122
Imprint: Pergamon
Published Date: 1st January 1966
Page Count: 430
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Description

History of Analytical Chemistry is a systematic account of the historical development of analytical chemistry spanning about 4,000 years. Many scientists who have helped to develop the methods of analytical chemistry are mentioned. Various methods of analysis are discussed, including electrogravimetry, optical methods, electrometric analysis, radiochemical analysis, and chromatography. This volume is comprised of 14 chapters and begins with an overview of analytical chemistry in ancient Greece, the origin of chemistry, and the earliest knowledge of analysis. The next chapter focuses on analytical chemistry during the Middle Ages, with emphasis on alchemy. Analytical knowledge during the period of iatrochemistry and the development of analytical chemistry during the phlogiston period are then examined. Subsequent chapters deal with the development of the fundamental laws of chemistry, including the principle of the indestructibility of matter; analytical chemistry during the period of Berzelius; and developments in qualitative and gravimetric analysis. Elementary organic analysis is also considered, along with the development of the theory of analytical chemistry.
This book will be helpful to chemists as well as students and researchers in the field of analytical chemistry.

Table of Contents


Preface

I Analytical Chemistry in Antiquity

1. Ancient Science

2. The Origin of Chemistry

3. The Earliest Knowledge of Analysis

Notes and References

II Knowledge of Analytical Chemistry in the Middle Ages

1. Alchemy

2. Knowledge of Analysis

Notes and References

III Analytical Knowledge during the Period of Iatrochemistry

1. The Clarification of Chemical Concepts

2. The Beginning of Analysis in Aqueous Solutions

3. Robert Boyle

Notes and References

IV The Development of Analytical Chemistry during the Phlogiston Period

1. The Phlogiston Theory

2. The Blow-Pipe

3. Further Light on Reactions in Solution

4. The Beginnings of Gas Analysis

5. Torbern Bergman

Notes and References

V The Establishment of the Fundamental Laws of Chemistry

1. Quantitative Analysis Before Lavoisier

2. The Principle of the Indestructibility of Matter

3. Stoichiometry

Notes and References

VI The Period of Berzelius

1. The Recognition of the Composition of Minerals

2. The Life and Personality of Berzelius

3. The Establishment of Atomic Weights

4. The State of Analytical Chemistry in the Age of Berzelius

5. The First Analytical Textbooks

Notes and References

VII Further Developments in Qualitative and Gravimetric Analysis

1. Introduction of Systematic Tests for the Ions

2. Gravimetric Analysis

3. Microanalysis

Notes and References

VIII Volumetric Analysis

1. Ancient History of Titrimetry

2. From Descroizilles to Gay-Lussac

3. From Gay-Lussac to Mohr

4. Friedrich Mohr

5. The Development of Titrimetric Analysis Before the Introduction of Synthetic Indicators

6. Development of Indicators

7. The Development of Titrimetric Analysis Up to the Present Day

Notes and References

IX Elementary Organic Analysis

1. From Lavoisier to Liebig

2. From Liebig to Pregl

Notes and References

X Electrogravimetry

Notes and References

XI Optical Methods

1. Preliminaries of Spectroscopy

2. Kirchhoff and Bunsen

3. Further Development of Spectrum Analysis

4. Colorimetry

Notes and References

XII The Development of the Theory of Analytical Chemistry

1. The Development of Physical Chemistry

2. Wilhelm Ostwald

3. Development of the Concept of pH

4. Theory of Titration

Notes and References

XIII Electrometric Analysis

1. The Measurement of pH

2. Potentiometric Titration

3. Conductometric Titrations

4. Polarography

Notes and References

XIV Other Methods of Analysis

1. Radiochemical Analysis

2. Chromatography

3. Ion Exchange

Notes and References

Author Index

Subject Index

Other Titles in the Series

Details

No. of pages:
430
Language:
English
Copyright:
© Pergamon 1966
Published:
Imprint:
Pergamon
eBook ISBN:
9781483157122

About the Editor

R. Belcher

L. Gordon

About the Author

Ferenc Szabadváry