Historical and Philosophical Roots of Perception

Historical and Philosophical Roots of Perception

1st Edition - January 1, 1974

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  • Editors: Edward C. Carterette, Morton P. Friedman
  • eBook ISBN: 9781483276373

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Description

Handbook of Perception, Volume I: Historical and Philosophical Roots of Perception aims to bring together essential aspects of the very large, diverse, and widely scattered literature on human perception and to give a précis of the state of knowledge in every area of perception. This volume deals with the fundamentals of perceptual systems. The book begins with some philosophical problems of perception, of sense experience, of epistemology, and some questions on the philosophy of mind. It also considers the perceptual structure, association, attention, cognition and knowledge, consciousness and action. There are also chapters emphasizing several contemporary views of perception. Psychologists, biologists, and those interested in the study of human perception will find a book a good reference material.

Table of Contents


  • List of Contributors

    Foreword

    Preface

    Contents of other Volumes

    Part I. Philosophical Roots

    Chapter 1. Sense Experience

    I. The Epistemological Problem of Perception

    II. Cartesianism and Its Critics

    References

    Chapter 2. Some Philosophical Problems of Perception

    I. Introduction

    II. General Schema of a Common Kind of Philosophical Problem of Perception

    III. Preliminary Clarification of the Ordinary Concept of Perception

    IV. Inconsistent Sets of Sentences That Constitute Philosophical Problems of Perception

    IV. Four Prima Facie Solutions to Problems Constituted by the Inconsistent Sets; Each Solution Rejects One or More of the Three General Presuppositions

    References

    Chapter 3. Epistemology

    I. Radical Skepticism

    II. The Appeal to Meaning

    III. The Revolt Against Meaning

    IV. Psychologism

    V. Sense Data and Unconscious Inferences

    VI. Knowledge and Inference

    References

    Chapter 4. Some Questions in the Philosophy of Mind

    I. Introduction

    II. Some General Consideration About the Mind/Body Distinction

    III. Main Sources of Philosophical Problems About Mind

    IV. Physicalism

    V. Religion and Mind

    VI. Free Will

    VII. Describing, Reporting, and Expressing One's Thoughts and Feelings

    References

    Part II. Historical Background of Contemporary Perception

    Chapter 5. The Problem of Perceptual Structure

    I. Introduction

    II. Recognition of the Problem

    III. Solving the Problem by Ignoring It

    IV. Recognition That Ignoring the Problem Doesn't Make It Go Away

    V. A Proposed Solution: A New Element

    VI. Another Proposed Solution: Empirism

    VII. Turning the Problem Right Side Up

    VIII. Beginnings of a Quantitative Solution

    IX. Beginnings of a Physiological Solution

    X. Summary and Conclusion

    References

    Chapter 6. Association (and the Nativist-Empiricist Axis)

    I. Philosophical Background

    II. Empiricism, Association, and Perception

    III. Opposition and Alternatives to Empiricism: The Rise of Nativism

    IV. Nativism and Empiricism: Data

    V. Epilogue: What Is Learned?

    References

    Chapter 7. Consciousness, Perception, and Action

    I. The Concepts of Consciousness, Perception, and Stimulus

    II. Judgment Hypotheses

    III. Act Hypotheses

    IV. The Role of Bodily Activities

    References

    Chapter 8. Attention

    I. The Prebehaviorist Period

    II. The Interwar Period

    III. The Postwar Period

    References

    Chapter 9. Cognition and Knowledge: Psychological Epistemology

    I. Introduction and Overview

    II. Three Ways of Knowing

    III. Cognitive Structure

    IV. Toward a Psychology and Philosophy of the Weltanschauung

    References

    Part III. Contemporary Views of Perception

    A. Modern Classical Tradition

    Chapter 10. Organization and the Gestalt Tradition

    I. The Gestalt Approach to the Problem of Organization

    II. Other Approaches to Perceptual Organization

    III. In Summary and Assessment

    References

    Chapter 11. The Learning Tradition

    I. The Historical Structure of Learning Theory

    II. Perceptual Commitments of Learning Theory

    III. Learning-Theoretic Acknowledgments of Perception

    References

    B. Current Psychological Emphases

    Chapter 12. The Historical and Philosophical Background of Cognitive Approaches to Psychology

    I. History of Philosophical Theories

    II. Purposiveness

    III. Creativity

    IV. Structure

    V. Conscious Experience

    VI. Epilogue

    References

    Chapter 13. Choosing a Paradigm for Perception

    I. Introduction

    II. The Selection of Paradigms by Data

    III. Perceptual Facts to Challenge Paradigm Candidates

    IV. Summary of the Questions

    V. The Paradigm Candidates Challenged by Questions

    VI. The Candidates' Scores

    VII. Conclusions

    References

    Chapter 14. The Visual System: Environmental Information

    I. Introduction

    II. Historical Notes

    III. The Eye as a Camera

    IV. The Relation of Geometrical Optics to Ecological Optics

    V. Contour

    VI. Useful Properties of Light

    VII. The Dense Network of Rays

    VIII. The Stationary Convergence Point

    IX. A Magic Cube

    X. Point Sources and Point Sinks

    XI. The Pickup Device

    XII. Summary

    References

    Chapter 15. A Note on Ecological Optics Text

    References

    Chapter 16. Information Processing

    I. Origins of Information Processing Approaches

    II. The Unity of Sensation, Perception, Memory, Retrieval, Cognition, and Knowledge

    III. Specification of Stages

    IV. Definition of Information

    V. Types of Information Processing Models

    VI. Conclusion

    References

    Chapter 17. Automata

    I. Introduction

    II. Perceptrons

    III. Automata and Line Drawings

    IV. Picture-Parsing Grammars

    V. Learning

    References

    Chapter 18. The Developmental Emphasis

    I. Association or the Gestalt Theory

    II. Does the Baby Perceive as Soon as It Is Born?

    III. Interaction between Maturation and Exercise

    IV. The Role of Action in Perceptual Development

    V. Conclusion

    References

    Chapter 19. Phenomenology

    I. A General Survey of Phenomenology

    II. The Phenomenological Theory of Perception

    References

    Supplementary Reading

    Chapter 20. Transactional and Probabilistic Functionalism

    I. Transaction

    II. The Ames Demonstrations

    III. Brunswik's "Lens Model" of Perception

    IV. Perceptual Learning and Development

    V. Perception and Other Knowledge

    VI. Probabilism and Representative Design

    VII. Persons as Stimulus Objects

    VIII. Current Status

    References

    Author Index

    Subject Index

Product details

  • No. of pages: 454
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Academic Press 1974
  • Published: January 1, 1974
  • Imprint: Academic Press
  • eBook ISBN: 9781483276373

About the Editors

Edward C. Carterette

Morton P. Friedman

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