Histology and Histopathology of the Eye and Its Adnexa

Histology and Histopathology of the Eye and Its Adnexa

1st Edition - January 1, 1949

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  • Author: I. G. Sommers
  • eBook ISBN: 9781483195704

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Histology and Histopathology of the Eye and its Adnexa provides information pertinent to the histopathology of the eye. This book presents a brief survey on the bacteriology and parasitology of the eye. Organized into three parts encompassing 20 chapters, this book begins with an overview of the normal histology of the eye. This text then deals on general pathology, with emphasis on its application to pathology of the eye. Other chapters describe the findings that lead to the pathology diagnosis of the sectioned eye. This book discusses as well the physical injuries in the eye brought about by contusion. The final chapter deals with the complications that may arise during or after any type of cataract operation, extracapsular or intracapsular extraction, discussion of a soft cataract, or after linear extraction. This book is a valuable resource for ophthalmologists and physicians. Postgraduate students specializing in histology and histopathology of the eye will also find this book useful.

Table of Contents

  • Preface

    Part One. Normal Histology, Embryology and Senescence

    I. Normal Histology of the Eye

    The Cornea

    The Sclera

    The Limbus

    The Uvea

    The Chamber Angle

    The Retina

    The Optic Nerve

    The Lens

    The Zonule

    The Vitreous Body

    The Conjunctiva

    The Plica Semilunaris

    The Caruncle

    The Eyelids

    The Lacrimal Organs

    The Orbit

    II. Embryology of the Eye

    III. Senescence of the Eye

    Part Two. General pathology

    IV. General Pathology in Relation to the Eye

    Degenerative Processes and Disturbances of Metabolism

    Abnormalities of Growth

    Heredity and Constitution

    Circulatory Disturbances



    Infection and Resistance

    Bacterial Infections

    Animal Parasites

    Injuries Caused by Physical Irritants

    Injuries Caused by Chemical Irritants

    Disorders of the Regulators of the Body

    Tumors (Neoplasms)

    Part Three. Histopathology of the Eye

    V. Pathology of the Cornea

    Inflammations of the Cornea (Keratitis)

    Suppurative (Acute) Keratitis (Corneal Ulcer)

    Nonsuppurative Superficial and Deep

    Wound Healing, Regenerations, Keratoplasty

    Corneal Scars

    Corneal Staphyloma (Anterior Staphyloma)

    Cysts of the Cornea

    Corneal Fistula


    Degenerative Processes

    Pigmentation of the Cornea

    Pathology of the Epithelium

    Pathology of the Endothelium and Keratic Precipitates

    Pathologic Changes of Bowman"s and Descemet"s Membranes

    Corneal Lesions Caused by Chemical and Physical Agents

    Tuberculosis of the Cornea

    Leprosy of the Cornea

    Congenital Corneal Opacities


    VI. Pathology of the Sclera

    Wound Healing

    Rupture of the Sclera

    Ectasia, Scleral Staphyloma

    Congenital Changes

    Necrosis and Degeneration

    Inflammations of the Sclera

    Fungus Diseases


    VII. Pathology of the Uvea

    Inflammations of the Uvea (Uveitis)

    Acute Inflammation

    Chronic Nonspecific Inflammation

    Chronic Specific Uveitis

    Mycoses and Parasites

    Degenerations, Atrophies and Senile Changes

    Changes in Diseases of Other Organs and Systemic Diseases

    Changes in Myopia

    Detachment of the Choroid

    Primary Neoplasms


    Secondary Neoplasms

    VIII. Pathology of the Retina

    General Considerations

    Vascular Diseases of the Retina



    Degenerations and Atrophies of the Retina

    Pathology of the Macula

    Detachment of the Retina

    Cysts of the Retina


    IX. Pathology of the Optic Nerve

    General Considerations

    Pathology of the Nerve Sheaths

    Inflammatory Processes (Optic Neuritis)

    Degeneration and Atrophy


    Depositions of Abnormal Substances

    Neoplasms of the Optic Nerve and Its Sheaths

    X. Pathology of the Retina

    General Considerations (Cataract)

    Noncomplicated Cataracts

    Complicated Cataract

    Cataracts Caused by Endocrine Disturbances

    Cataract Caused by Physical and Chemical Trauma

    XI. Pathology of the Vitreous Body

    General Considerations

    Congenital Changes

    Acquired Changes

    XII. Pathology of the Conjunctiva

    Circulatory Disturbances and Noninflammatory Vascular Changes

    Inflammations of the Conjunctiva (Conjunctivitis)

    General considerations

    Special Forms

    Conjunctivitides Caused by Micro-organisms or their Toxins

    Chronic Specific Inflammations

    Mycoses of the Conjunctiva

    Parasites of the Conjunctiva

    Conjunctivitides Associated with Skin Diseases

    Degenerations of the Conjunctiva

    Concretions of the Conjunctiva

    Cysts of the Conjunctiva

    Neoplasms of the Conjunctiva

    Diseases of the Lacrimal Caruncle

    XIII. Pathology of the Eyelids



    Changes in Pigmentation




    Acanthosis Nigricans

    Lupus Erythematosis


    Pemphigus Vulgaris

    Impetigo Contagiosa

    Changes of the Lid Skin in Generalized and Local Infections

    Diseases of the Lid Glands

    Diseases of the Lid Margin and Cilia

    Degenerative Changes


    XIV. Pathology of the Lacrimal Organs

    The Lacrimal Gland

    The Puncta and Canaliculi

    The Lacrimal Sac and Nasolacrimal Duct

    XV. Pathology of the Orbit

    General Considerations


    Fungus Diseases


    Hypertrophy, Atrophy, Dystrophy and Degeneration

    Parasites of the Orbit


    XVI. Ocular Developmental Abnormalities

    General Considerations


    Heterotypical Conus

    Pits in the Optic Disc








    Congenital Anomalies of Various Eye Structures

    The Cornea

    The Sclerotics

    The Iris

    The Ciliary Body

    The Choroid

    The Retina

    The Optic Nerve

    The Lens

    The Vitreous Body

    The Conjunctiva

    The Eyelids

    The Lacrimal Organs

    The Pigment

    Congenital Neoplasms

    XVII. Glaucoma

    Introduction: The Intra-Ocular Pressure

    Primary Glaucoma

    Congestive Glaucoma

    Noncongestive Glaucoma

    Causes of Primary Glaucoma

    Secondary Glaucoma

    Experimental Glaucoma


    Annex: Ilypotony (Ophthalmomalaeia, Essential Phthisis)

    XVIII. Myopia

    XIX. Injuries


    Injuries from Cutting Objects

    Foreign Bodies

    Injuries Due to Agents of Physical Energy

    Injuries by Chemicals

    XX. Surgery and Its Complications

    Cataract Extractions


    Glaucoma Operations

    Operations for Detachment of the Retina

    Evisceration of the Globe

    Extraction of Foreign Bodies

    Opticociliary Resection

    Squint Operation

    Tear Sac Operations


Product details

  • No. of pages: 798
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Butterworth-Heinemann 1949
  • Published: January 1, 1949
  • Imprint: Butterworth-Heinemann
  • eBook ISBN: 9781483195704

About the Author

I. G. Sommers

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