High Performance Computing Demystified - 1st Edition - ISBN: 9780124558250, 9781483265964

High Performance Computing Demystified

1st Edition

Authors: David Loshin
eBook ISBN: 9781483265964
Imprint: Academic Press
Published Date: 14th September 1994
Page Count: 278
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Description

High Performance Computing Demystified provides an overview of high performance resources and their applications across many disciplines. This book is organized into five parts encompassing 16 chapters that cover the principles, mode of operation, and practical aspects of supercomputers.

The first and second parts provide a brief history of high performance computing and describe the “basic” parts needed to build high performance computers, including high performance microprocessors and network topologies. The third part examines the features of multiprocessor architectures of high performance, such as the large number crunchers, massively parallel processing machines, and networks of workstations. The fourth part deals with the software paradigms for high performance, while the fifth part looks into the high performance computing resources that are available to the public, with some guide to accessing those resources.

This book is intended primarily for engineers and business managers who have a basic understanding of computers and would like to learn about high performance computing.

Table of Contents


Foreword

Preface

I Introduction and History

1 Introduction

1.1 Introduction

1.2 What Is High Performance?

1.3 Who Uses High Performance Computers?

1.4 Analysis Metrics

1.5 Structure

2 History

2.1 The History of High Performance

2.2 Classes of High Performance Machines

2.3 Vector Processing

2.4 Multiprocessor Supercomputers

2.5 Advances in Microprocessor Design

2.6 The Future: Putting It Together

II Computer Architectures

3 High Performance on a Chip

3.1 Killer Micros

3.2 What Makes a High Performance Chip?

3.3 How Processors Are Made Fast

3.4 RISC Machines

3.5 The Memory Bottleneck

3.6 Conclusion

4 Topological Issues

4.1 Connectivity

4.2 Switches

4.3 Topologies and Routing

4.4 Network Functionality

4.5 New Trends in Communications

III Multiple Processor Architectures

5 Vector Processors

5.1 Pipelined Supercomputers

5.2 Vector Instructions

5.3 Early Pipelined Computers: Examples

5.4 Later Pipelined Computers

5.5 Attached Processors

5.6 New Directions

6 Multiprocessor Machines

6.1 Parallelism

6.2 Coordination and Synchronization

6.3 Memory Models

6.4 Programming Models

6.5 Hardware Issues

7 Collections of Workstations

7.1 The Cluster Model

7.2 Networks of Workstations

7.3 Future Goals

7.4 Example

8 I/O

8.1 Introduction

8.2 RAID

8.3 Internal Parallel I/O Systems

8.4 External I/O Systems

8.5 Conclusion

IV Software Issues

9 Software

9.1 Languages

9.2 Compilers

9.3 Operating Systems

9.4 Message Passing Systems

9.5 Reliability in Distributed Systems

V High Performance Applications

10 Models of Physical Systems

10.1 Introduction

10.2 The Need for High Performance

10.3 Heat Conduction

10.4 Fluid Flow

10.5 Methods for Solving the Equations

10.6 Problem Decomposition

10.7 Other Applications

10.8 Conclusion

11 Seismic Applications

11.1 Introduction

11.2 The Need for High Performance

11.3 Seismic Exploration

11.4 Seismic Processing

11.5 Analysis of Geophysical Data

11.6 Reservoir Modeling

11.7 Summary

12 Biology and Artificial Life

12.1 Biology and High Performance Computing

12.2 Computational Biochemistry

12.3 Neural Networks

12.4 Memory-Based Reasoning

12.5 Artificial Life

12.6 Conclusion

13 Business Applications

13.1 Introduction

13.2 Large Database Applications

13.3 Decision Support

13.4 Data Mining and Micromarketing

13.5 Intelligent Business Software

13.6 Example in Parallelization: Options Pricing

13.7 Conclusion

14 Optimization

14.1 Introduction

14.2 The Need for High Performance

14.3 Formalization

14.4 The Simplex Method

14.5 Airline Crew Pairing

14.6 Portfolio Management

14.7 Summary

15 Graphics and Visualization

15.1 Introduction

15.2 The Need for High Performance

15.3 A Graphics Technique: Ray Tracing

15.4 Parallel Graphics Processing

15.5 Specialized Hardware: SGI's RealityEngine

15.6 Visualization

15.7 Virtual Reality

VI Availability

16 Conclusion

16.1 Timely, Timeless, or What?

16.2 National Laboratories

16.3 Hard Copy Publications

16.4 Online Information

16.5 Manufacturers

Glossary

Bibliography

Index

Details

No. of pages:
278
Language:
English
Copyright:
© Academic Press 1994
Published:
Imprint:
Academic Press
eBook ISBN:
9781483265964

About the Author

David Loshin

David Loshin

David Loshin is President of Knowledge Integrity, Inc., a company specializing in data management consulting. The author of numerous books on performance computing and data management, including “Master Data Management" (2008) and “Business Intelligence – The Savvy Manager’s Guide" (2003), and creator of courses and tutorials on all facets of data management best practices, David is often looked to for thought leadership in the information management industry.

Affiliations and Expertise

President, Knowledge Integrity Incorporated, Silver Spring, MD, USA