High-Arctic Ecosystem Dynamics in a Changing Climate

High-Arctic Ecosystem Dynamics in a Changing Climate

1st Edition - May 15, 2008

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  • Editors: Hans Meltofte, Torben Christensen, Bo Elberling, Mads Forchhammer, Morten Rasch
  • eBook ISBN: 9780080570044
  • Hardcover ISBN: 9780123736659

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Description

High-Arctic Ecosystem Dynamics in a Changing Climate is based on data collected during the past 10 years by Zackenberg Ecological Research Operations (ZERO) at Zackenberg Research Station in Northeast Greenland. This volume covers the function of Arctic ecosystems based on the most comprehensive long-term data set in the world from a well-defined Arctic ecosystem. Editors offer a comprehensive and authoritative analysis of how climate variability is influencing an Arctic ecosystem and how the Arctic ecosystems have inherent feedback mechanisms interacting with climate variability or change.

Key Features

  • The latest research on the functioning of Arctic ecosystems
  • Supplements current books on arctic climate impact assessment as a case study for ecological specialists
  • Discusses the complex perpetuating effects on Earth
  • Vital information on modeling ecosystem responses to understand future climates

Readership

Ecologists, environmentalists, terrestrial ecologists

Table of Contents

  • PART 1 BACKGROUND

    1 Introduction
    By Hans Meltofte, Torben R. Christensen, Bo Elberling, Mads C. Forchhammer & Morten Rasch

    2 Climate and climate change with an arctic perspective
    By Martin Stendel, Jens Hesselbjerg Christensen & Dorthe Petersen

    3 Late Quaternary geology, biology and archaeology of the Wollaston Forland region, East Greenland
    By Ole Bennike, Claus Andreassen,, Louis Beyens, Jens Böcher, Hanne H. Christiansen, Bent Fredskild, Ole Humlum, Bjarne Holm Jacobsen, Erik Jeppesen, David R. Klein, Mikkel Sørensen & Pieter Ledeganck

    4 Adaptations, invasions, dispersal and pollination
    By David R. Klein, Mads C. Forchhammer, Rebekka Lundgren, Hans Henrik Bruun & Kirsten Christoffersen

    5 The study area
    By Hans Meltofte & Morten Rasch


    PART 2 PRESENT PHYSICAL ENVIRONMENT AND PROCESSES

    6 The present climate

    By Birger Ulf Hansen, Charlotte Sigsgaard, Dorthe Petersen, Sebastian Haugaard Mernild & Morten Rasch

    7 Permafrost and periglacial geomorphology
    By Hanne H. Christiansen, Ole Humlum, Charlotte Sigsgaard, Birger Ulf Hansen, Bent Hasholt & Morten Rasch

    8 Snow distribution and melt
    By Birger Ulf Hansen, Jørgen Hinkler, Mikkel Tamstorf, Hanne H. Christiansen & Dorthe Petersen

    9 Hydrological processes
    By Bent Hasholt, Dorthe Petersen, Sebastian Haugaard Mernild, Morten Rasch, Bjarne Holm Jakobsen, Charlotte Sigsgaard, Jørgen Hinkler, Birger Ulf Hansen, Bo Elberling & Søren Rysgaard



    PART 3 ECOLOGICAL PROCESSES

    10 Soil and plant community characteristics
    By Bo Elberling, Anders Michelsen, Bjarne Holm Jakobsen, Mikkel Tamstorf, Charlotte Sigsgaard, Christian Bay, Lotte Illeris, Louis Beyens, Birger Ulf Hansen & Morten Rasch


    11 Inter-annual variability of plant phenology and productivity
    By Susanne M. König, Lotte Illeris, Anders Michelsen, Mikkel Tamstorf & Birger Ulf Hansen

    12 Plant-herbivore interactions
    By Thomas B. Berg, Mads C. Forchhammer, Peter J. Aastrup, Toke T. Høye & David R. Klein

    13 Invertebrates and climate: spatio-temporal changes in phenology, dynamics and diversity
    By Toke T. Høye & Mads C. Forchhammer

    14 Effects of food availability, climate and predation on breeding performance of waders
    By Hans Meltofte, Toke T. Høye, Niels M. Schmidt, Mads C. Forchhammer, Jannik Hansen & Ditte Katrine Hendrichsen

    15 Vertebrate predator-prey interactions
    By Niels M. Schmidt, Thomas B. Berg, Mads C. Forchhammer, Toke T. Høye, Line A. Kyhn, Hans Meltofte & Hans Pedersen

    16 Lake flora and fauna in relation to ice-melt, water temperature and chemistry
    By Kirsten Christoffersen & Erik Jeppesen

    17 Interspecific variation in population dynamical responses to climate change
    By Mads C. Forchhammer, Niels M. Schmidt, Toke T. Høye & Erik Jeppesen

    18 Solar ultraviolet-B radiation (UV-B) in Zackenberg: inter-annual variability and the impact on higher plants and microbial communities
    By Kristian Albert, Linda Bredahl, Paul Eriksen, Kirsten B. Håkansson, Teis N. Mikkelsen, Riikka Rinan & Helge Ro-Poulsen

    19 Control of soil CO2 and CH4 production by soil temperatures, freezing and snowmelt
    By Bo Elberling, Claus Nordstrøm, Louise Grøndahl, Henrik Søgaard, Thomas Friborg & Torben R. Christensen

    20 Spatial and inter-annual variability of trace gas fluxes in a heterogeneous landscape
    By Louise Grøndahl, Thomas Friborg, Torben R. Christensen, Anna Ekberg, Bo Elberling, Nanna Høegh, Lotte Illeris, Fleur Marchand, Ivan Nijs, Claus Nordstrøm, Charlotte Sigsgaard & Henrik Søgaard

    PART 4 ECOSYSTEM RESPONSES

    21 Zackenberg in a circumpolar context: the behaviour of selected ecosystem elements in relation to changes in large-scale climate
    By Mads C. Forchhammer, Torben R. Christensen, Birger Ulf Hansen, Mikkel P. Tamstorf, Jørgen Hinkler, Niels M. Schmidt & Toke T. Høye

    22 Modelling ecosystem responses to future climate: a first step
    Mads C. Forchhammer & Torben R. Christensen

Product details

  • No. of pages: 596
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Academic Press 2008
  • Published: May 15, 2008
  • Imprint: Academic Press
  • eBook ISBN: 9780080570044
  • Hardcover ISBN: 9780123736659

About the Serial Volume Editors

Hans Meltofte

Affiliations and Expertise

National Environmental Research Institute, Department of Arctic Environment, Denmark

Torben Christensen

Affiliations and Expertise

GeoBiosphere Science Centre, Physical Geography and Ecosystems Analysis, Lund University, Sweden

Bo Elberling

Affiliations and Expertise

National Environmental Research Institute, Department of Arctic Environment, University of Aarhus, Roskilde, Denmark

Mads Forchhammer

Affiliations and Expertise

National Environmental Research Institute, Department of Arctic Environment, Centre for Integrated Population Ecology, University of Aarhus, Roskilde, Denmark

Morten Rasch

Affiliations and Expertise

Danish Polar Center, Copenhagen, Denmark

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