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Heterogeneous Catalysis - 1st Edition - ISBN: 9780323898454

Heterogeneous Catalysis

1st Edition

Fundamentals, Engineering and Characterizations

Authors: Giovanni Palmisano Samar Al Jitan Corrado Garlisi
Paperback ISBN: 9780323898454
Imprint: Elsevier
Published Date: 1st January 2022
Page Count: 520
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Description

Heterogeneous Catalysis: Fundamentals, Engineering and Characterizations provides a comprehensive introduction to the theory of heterogenous catalysis, including thermodynamic and kinetic aspects, adsorption mechanisms, catalytic reactors and catalyst characterization, with an introduction to sustainable catalysis. Representing a reference source for students and researchers working in this rapidly advancing field, the text reflects the many facets of the discipline, linking fundamental concepts with their applications. Beginning with a step-by-step look at the thermodynamics and energetics of catalysis, from basic concepts to the more complex aspects, the book goes on to cover reaction engineering and modeling, ending with sustainable catalysis and characterization techniques typically used for solid catalysts.

Including presentation slides to support research and learning as well as aid quick understanding of the key concepts, this book will be of interest to postgraduate students and researchers working in chemical engineering, chemistry and materials science as well as industrial researchers.

Key Features

  • Includes an accompanying presentation slides aid for easy understanding of key concepts
  • Covers the modeling of catalytic reactors and sustainable catalysis
  • Includes adsorption/desorption thermodynamics and kinetics
  • Details characterization techniques for the assessment of textural, structural, morphological, optical and chemical properties of the catalysts

Readership

Researchers and postgraduate students in chemical engineering, chemistry and materials science. Industrial R&D departments and scholars affiliated to governmental or private research centers

Table of Contents

Chapter 1. Introduction 

  1. Historical background  

  1. Fundamental concepts and quantities in catalysis   

1.2.1. Fractional coverage

1.2.2. Catalytic activity

1.2.3. Conversion, yield and selectivity 

  1. Importance of heterogeneous catalysis in today's industry

1.3.1. Ammonia synthesis

1.3.2. Sulfuric acid production

1.3.3. Catalytic cracking

1.3.4. Polymerization of alpha-olefins

Discussion and analysis

Chapter 2. Fundamentals of the adsorption process 

  1. Physical and chemical adsorption 

  1. Thermodynamics and energetics of adsorption

2.2.1. Heat of adsorption

2.2.2. Binding energy for adsorbates    

  1. Kinetics of adsorption  

2.3.1. Adsorption time  

2.3.2. Adsorption rate  

2.3.3. Potential energy diagrams  

2.3.4. The Elovich equation in chemisorption kinetics 

2.3.5. Desorption rate  

Discussion and analysis

Chapter 3. Adsorption and surface reaction models 

3.1. Adsorption isotherms and their classification  

3.1.1. Langmuir isotherm  

3.1.2. Henry isotherm  

3.1.3  Freundlich isotherm  

3.1.4. Temkin isotherm  

3.1.5. BET isotherm

3.1.6. Potential theory of Polanyi

3.1.7. Recent approaches to model adsorption isotherms 

3.2. Adsorption isobars and isosteres 

3.3. Models for surface reactions 

Discussion and analysis

Chapter 4. Surface area and porous structure 

  1. Estimation of the surface area  

  1. Estimation of the pore size distribution  

  1. Hysteresis and capillary condensation  

  1. Pore models

  1. Mechanisms of diffusion within catalyst pores  

  1. Mechanisms of reaction within catalyst pores  

Discussion and analysis

Chapter 5. Catalytic reaction engineering

5.1. Catalytic reaction steps 

5.1.1. External diffusion 

5.1.2. Internal diffusion 

5.1.3. Adsorption 

5.1.4. Surface reaction 

5.1.5. Desorption  

5.2. Reaction mechanism and the rate-limiting step 

5.3. Catalytic reactor design

5.4. Diffusion and reaction in heterogeneous catalysis

5.4.1. Mass transfer-limited and reaction rate-limited reactions

5.4.2. Diffusion with reaction in a catalyst pellet

5.4.3. The Thiele modulus

5.4.4. The internal and the overall effectiveness factors

5.4.5. The Weisz-Prater and the Mears criteria

5.5. Catalyst deactivation and regeneration 

Discussion and analysis

Chapter 6. Green heterogeneous catalysis

6.1. Electrocatalysis

6.1.1. Thermodynamics and kinetics of electrocatalytic reactions

6.1.2. Hydrogen generation

6.1.3. Carbon dioxide reduction

6.2. Photocatalysis

6.2.1. Fundamental principles of photocatalysis

6.2.2. Environmental remediation

6.2.3. Hydrogen generation

6.2.4. Carbon dioxide reduction

6.3. Conversion of biomass to biofuels

6.3.1. Feedstock and developed processes for biofuel synthesis

6.3.2. Bioethanol production

6.3.3. Biodiesel production

Discussion and analysis

Chapter 7. Catalyst characterization 

7.1. X-ray diffraction  

7.2. X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy  

7.3. X-ray absorption spectroscopy

7.4. Electron microscopy  

7.5. Infrared and Raman spectroscopy 

7.6. Temperature programmed desorption, oxidation and reduction 

7.7. Electrochemical techniques 

7.8. UV-visible and photoluminescence spectroscopy

7.8.1. UV-visible spectroscopy

7.8.2. Photoluminescence spectroscopy

7.9. Solid-state nuclear magnetic resonance and electron paramagnetic resonance spectroscopies

7.10. Computational chemistry tools: density functional theory and molecular dynamics simulations

Discussion and analysis

Details

No. of pages:
520
Language:
English
Copyright:
© Elsevier 2022
Published:
1st January 2022
Imprint:
Elsevier
Paperback ISBN:
9780323898454

About the Authors

Giovanni Palmisano

Giovanni Palmisano is an Associate Professor of Chemical Engineering at Khalifa University, where he leads the Photocatalysis and Reaction Engineering Lab. He has developed and taught the PhD level course “Heterogeneous Catalysis” in the last 5 years. He has been main advisor of 9 PhD and MSc students and, overall, he has 15 years of experience in photo‐ and electro‐catalytic processes. His current research activities are mainly focused on photocatalysis applied to water, environment, materials functionalization, energy and organic chemistry. He is co‐author of ca. 110 highly cited journal papers, seven patents, six books and six book chapters. He is associate editor of the Journal of Environmental Chemical Engineering and reviewing editor of Frontiers in Chemistry among others.

Affiliations and Expertise

Associate Professor of Chemical Engineering, Khalifa University, Abu Dhabi, United Arab Emirates

Samar Al Jitan

Samar Al Jitan is a PhD student at Khalifa University of Science and Technology, Abu Dhabi (UAE). Her current research focuses on developing efficient photocatalytic materials for the conversion of CO2 into fuels. Samar received her B.Sc. degree in Chemical Engineering from the American University of Sharjah (UAE) in 2015 and her M.Sc. degree in Chemical Engineering from Khalifa University of Science and Technology in 2017. Currently, she is pursuing a Ph.D. degree in Engineering from Khalifa University of Science and Technology under the supervision of Dr. Giovanni Palmisano. Samar’s research interests and expertise include photocatalytic reduction processes, advanced oxidation processes, photocatalytic conversion of CO2, photocatalytic degradation of VOCs, photocatalytic wastewater treatment, synthesis and surface modification of photocatalysts, advanced material characterization and analytical chemistry techniques. She is the co‐author of 3 book chapters, 2 of which are on photocatalysis.

Affiliations and Expertise

PhD Student, Khalifa University of Science and Technology, Abu Dhabi, United Arab Emirates

Corrado Garlisi

Corrado Garlisi is a postdoctoral fellow at Khalifa University of Science and Technology, Abu Dhabi (UAE). His current research focuses on the development of multifunctional smart glass with self‐cleaning and infrared‐shielding properties for energy‐efficient buildings. Corrado received his bachelor’s and master’s degrees in Chemical Engineering from University of Palermo (Italy). Before pursuing his PhD, he did a two‐year fellowship at ENEA ‐ Italian National Agency for New Technologies, Energy and Sustainable Development ‐ in Brindisi (Italy). Afterwards, he joined Khalifa University of Science and Technology, where he received his PhD in Interdisciplinary Engineering. His research interests include smart glass, heterogeneous catalysis, advanced oxidation technologies, photocatalytic water treatment and nanotechnology. His expertise is mainly focused on thin film deposition by PVD and CVD techniques, optical, morphological, structural characterization of materials and catalyst testing. He is the co‐author of 28 articles in peer‐reviewed journals, 2 book chapters on photocatalysis and 1 US patent.

Affiliations and Expertise

Posdoctoral Fellow, Khalifa University of Science and Technology, Abu Dhabi, United Arab Emirates

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