Heterogeneous Catalysis

Heterogeneous Catalysis

Fundamentals, Engineering and Characterizations (with accompanying presentation slides and instructor's manual)

1st Edition - January 8, 2022

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  • Authors: Giovanni Palmisano, Samar Al Jitan, Corrado Garlisi
  • eBook ISBN: 9780323885898
  • Paperback ISBN: 9780323898454

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Description

Heterogeneous Catalysis: Fundamentals, Engineering and Characterizations provides a comprehensive introduction to the theory of heterogenous catalysis, including thermodynamic and kinetic aspects, adsorption mechanisms, catalytic reactors and catalyst characterization, with an introduction to sustainable catalysis. Representing a reference source for students and researchers working in this rapidly advancing field, the text reflects the many facets of the discipline, linking fundamental concepts with their applications. Beginning with a step-by-step look at the thermodynamics and energetics of catalysis, from basic concepts to the more complex aspects, the book goes on to cover reaction engineering and modeling, ending with sustainable catalysis and characterization techniques typically used for solid catalysts. Including presentation slides to support research and learning as well as aid quick understanding of the key concepts, this book will be of interest to postgraduate students and researchers working in chemical engineering, chemistry and materials science as well as industrial researchers.

Key Features

  • Includes an accompanying presentation slides aid for easy understanding of key concepts
  • Covers the modeling of catalytic reactors and sustainable catalysis
  • Includes adsorption/desorption thermodynamics and kinetics
  • Details characterization techniques for the assessment of textural, structural, morphological, optical and chemical properties of the catalysts

Readership

Researchers and postgraduate students in chemical engineering, chemistry and materials science. Industrial R&D departments and scholars affiliated to governmental or private research centers

Table of Contents

  • Cover image
  • Title page
  • Table of Contents
  • Copyright
  • Preface
  • Chapter 1. Introduction
  • Abstract
  • 1.1 Historical background
  • 1.2 Fundamental concepts and quantities in catalysis
  • 1.3 Importance of heterogeneous catalysis in today’s industry
  • 1.4 Questions and problems
  • References
  • Chapter 2. Fundamentals of the adsorption process
  • Abstract
  • 2.1 Physical and chemical adsorption
  • 2.2 Thermodynamics and energetics of adsorption
  • 2.3 Kinetics of adsorption
  • 2.4 Questions and problems
  • References
  • Chapter 3. Adsorption models, surface reaction, and catalyst architectures
  • Abstract
  • 3.1 Adsorption isotherms and their classification
  • 3.2 Adsorption isobars and isosteres
  • 3.3 Models for surface reactions
  • 3.4 Catalysts, cocatalysts, and supports
  • 3.5 Questions and problems
  • References
  • Chapter 4. Surface area and porosity
  • Abstract
  • 4.1 Estimation of the surface area
  • 4.2 Estimation of porosity and pore size
  • 4.3 Hysteresis and capillary condensation
  • 4.4 Pore models—morphology
  • 4.5 Mechanisms of diffusion within catalyst pores
  • 4.6 Questions and problems
  • References
  • Chapter 5. Catalytic reaction engineering
  • Abstract
  • 5.1 Catalytic reaction steps
  • 5.2 Reaction mechanism and the rate-limiting step
  • 5.3 Catalytic reactor design
  • 5.4 Diffusion and reaction in heterogeneous catalysis
  • 5.5 Multiple steady states and thermal hysteresis
  • 5.6 Catalyst deactivation and regeneration
  • 5.7 Questions and problems
  • References
  • Chapter 6. Green heterogeneous catalysis
  • Abstract
  • 6.1 Conversion of biomass to biofuels
  • 6.2 Electrocatalysis
  • 6.3 Photocatalysis
  • 6.4 Questions and problems
  • References
  • Chapter 7. Characterization techniques
  • Abstract
  • 7.1 X-ray diffraction
  • 7.2 X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy
  • 7.3 X-ray absorption spectroscopy
  • 7.4 Electron microscopy
  • 7.5 Infrared and Raman spectroscopy
  • 7.6 Temperature-programed methods
  • 7.7 Electrochemical techniques
  • 7.8 UV–visible and photoluminescence spectroscopy
  • 7.9 Solid-state nuclear magnetic resonance and electron paramagnetic resonance spectroscopies
  • 7.10 Computational tools: density functional theory and molecular dynamic simulations
  • 7.11 Questions and problems
  • References
  • Index

Product details

  • No. of pages: 332
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Elsevier 2022
  • Published: January 8, 2022
  • Imprint: Elsevier
  • eBook ISBN: 9780323885898
  • Paperback ISBN: 9780323898454

About the Authors

Giovanni Palmisano

Giovanni Palmisano is an Associate Professor of Chemical Engineering at Khalifa University, where he leads the Photocatalysis and Reaction Engineering Lab. He has developed and taught the PhD level course “Heterogeneous Catalysis” in the last 7 years. He has been main advisor of 9 PhD and MSc students and, overall, he has 15 years of experience in photo‐ and electro‐catalytic processes. His current research activities are mainly focused on photocatalysis applied to water, environment, materials functionalization, energy and organic chemistry. He is co‐author of ca. 110 highly cited journal papers, seven patents, six books and six book chapters. He is associate editor of the Journal of Environmental Chemical Engineering and reviewing editor of Frontiers in Chemistry among others.

Affiliations and Expertise

Associate Professor of Chemical Engineering, Khalifa University, Abu Dhabi, United Arab Emirates

Samar Al Jitan

Samar Al Jitan is a Chemical Engineering Graduate at Khalifa University, Abu Dhabi (UAE). Her current research focuses on developing efficient photocatalytic materials for the conversion of CO2 into fuels. Samar received her B.Sc. degree in Chemical Engineering from the American University of Sharjah (UAE) in 2015 and her M.Sc. degree in Chemical Engineering from Khalifa University of Science and Technology in 2017. Currently, she is pursuing a Ph.D. degree in Engineering from Khalifa University of Science and Technology under the supervision of Dr. Giovanni Palmisano. Samar’s research interests and expertise include photocatalytic reduction processes, advanced oxidation processes, photocatalytic conversion of CO2, photocatalytic degradation of VOCs, photocatalytic wastewater treatment, synthesis and surface modification of photocatalysts, advanced material characterization and analytical chemistry techniques. She is the co‐author of 3 book chapters, 2 of which are on photocatalysis.

Affiliations and Expertise

Chemical Engineering Graduate, Khalifa University, Abu Dhabi, United Arab Emirates

Corrado Garlisi

Corrado Garlisi is a Junior R&T Associate at the Luxembourg Institute of Science and Technology (LIST), where he moved after 6 years of PhD and post-doctoral activities at Khalifa University, United Arab Emirates. His current research focuses on the development of perovskite-based materials for water photosplitting. Corrado received his bachelor’s and master’s degrees in Chemical Engineering from University of Palermo (Italy). Before pursuing his PhD, he did a two‐year fellowship at ENEA ‐ Italian National Agency for New Technologies, Energy and Sustainable Development ‐ in Brindisi (Italy). Afterwards, he joined Khalifa University of Science and Technology, where he received his PhD in Interdisciplinary Engineering. His research interests include smart glass, heterogeneous catalysis, advanced oxidation technologies, photocatalytic water treatment and nanotechnology. His expertise is mainly focused on thin film deposition by PVD and CVD techniques, optical, morphological, structural characterization of materials and catalyst testing. He is the co‐author of 28 articles in peer‐reviewed journals, 2 book chapters on photocatalysis and 1 US patent.

Affiliations and Expertise

Junior R&T Associate, Luxembourg Institute of Science and Technology (LIST)

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