Displacement by Substitution Processes. Synthesis of alcohols and ethers. Synthesis of glycosides. Synthesis of amines and ammonium salts. Synthesis of nitroso, nitro and related compounds. Synthesis of sulfides, sulfoxides and sulfones. Synthesis of phosphonium ylides. Synthesis of halides. Formation of pseudohalides, nitriles and related compounds. Ritter-type reactions. Acylation-Type Reactions. Synthesis of acid halides, anhydrides and related compounds. Synthesis of activated esters and related compounds. Synthesis of amides and related compounds. Synthesis of thioamides and thiolactams. Synthesis of thioesters and thiolactones. Selenoesters of all oxidation states. Synthesis of iminium salts, orthoesters and related compounds. Inorganic acid derivatives. Protecting Groups. Alcohols, amines and thiols, including multiple protecting groups. Functional Group Interconversion. Carbonyl group derivatization. Use of carbonyl derivatives for heterocyclic synthesis. Functional group transformations via carbonyl derivatives. Degradation reactions. Functional group transformation via allyl rearrangement. 2,3-sigmatropic rearrangements. Polonovski- and Pummerer-type reactions and the Nef reaction. Elimination Reactions. Eliminations to form alkenes, allenes and alkynes and related reactions. Reductive elimination, vicinal deoxygenation and vicinal desilylation. The Cope elimination, sulfoxide elimination and related thermal reactions. Fragmentation reactions. Author index. Subject index.