Herbivorous Insects - 1st Edition - ISBN: 9780120455805, 9780323158244

Herbivorous Insects

1st Edition

Host-seeking Behavior and mechanisms

Editors: Sami Ahmad
eBook ISBN: 9780323158244
Imprint: Academic Press
Published Date: 28th June 1983
Page Count: 274
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Herbivorous Insects: Host-Seeking Behavior and Mechanisms addresses mechanisms of searching behavior leading ultimately to host location of herbivorous insects. It is divided into four sections, wherein the first two sections deal with neurophysiology and the diversity of behavioral induction cues. The third section covers the searching mechanisms as affected by insects' breadth of diet. The last part examines the evolutionary analysis of the behavioral and physiological adaptations in insect/host plant relations.

This book starts with an introduction to the chemical sensory system as it relates to host selection in general. This is followed by considerable discussions on host-seeking behavior and allied patterns in behavior. This text also includes the study of oviposition behavior in butterflies belonging to Papilionidae. The third section presents host selection and colonization by three insects within the saprophage-predator continuum, namely, Hylurgopinus rufipes, Scolytus multistriatus, and Pissodes strobi. The behaviors by which certain oligophagous insects locate and select food plants are also considered. The concluding part addresses the unifying theme and the diversity of responses of phytophagous insects to plants.

The book provides direction toward developing a unifying theme and improving the ability to unravel the complexities of insect/plant interactions. Behaviorists, ecologists, entomologists, evolutionary biologists, and physiologists will find this book invaluable.

Table of Contents

Contributors Preface Introduction Part I. Neurophysiological Aspects

1. The Behavioral and Neurophysiological Basis of Food-Plant Selection by Lepidopterous Larvae I. Introduction II. Behavioral Responses to Potential Food Plants III. Chemical Basis of Host-Plant Selection IV. Responses of the Chemosensory Cells to Plants and Plant Chemicals V. Summary References

Part II. The Diversity of Behavioral Cues

2. Chemical Aspects of Oviposition Behavior in Butterflies I. Introduction II. Host Relationship among Butterflies III. Chemosensory Systems in Butterflies IV. Studies of Swallowtail Butterflies V. Discussion VI. Summary References 3. Individual Variation in Host Location by Phytophagous Insects I. Introduction II. Environmental Sources of Individual Variation in Host Location III. Genetic Variation and Neurological Models of Host Selectivity IV. Case Study: Individual Variation in Host Location by Battus philenor V. Summary References 4. Spatial Patterns in the Plant Community and Their Effects upon Insect Search I. Introduction II. Insect Responses to Plant Community Texture III. Factors Generating Nonrandom Herbivore Distributions IV. Implications for Agricultural Systems V. Summary References

Part III. Host Search in Relation to the Breadth of Diet

5. Integration of Visual Stimuli, Host Odorants, and Pheromones by Bark Beetles and Weevils in Locating and Colonizing Host Trees I. Introduction II. Host Selection by Three Species III. Generalizations and Summary References 6. Host Location in the Colorado Potato Beetle: Searching Mechanisms in Relation to Oligophagy I. Introduction II. The Colo


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© Academic Press 1983
Academic Press
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About the Editor

Sami Ahmad

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