Herbivorous Insects

Herbivorous Insects

Host-seeking Behavior and mechanisms

1st Edition - June 28, 1983

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  • Editor: Sami Ahmad
  • eBook ISBN: 9780323158244

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Description

Herbivorous Insects: Host-Seeking Behavior and Mechanisms addresses mechanisms of searching behavior leading ultimately to host location of herbivorous insects. It is divided into four sections, wherein the first two sections deal with neurophysiology and the diversity of behavioral induction cues. The third section covers the searching mechanisms as affected by insects' breadth of diet. The last part examines the evolutionary analysis of the behavioral and physiological adaptations in insect/host plant relations. This book starts with an introduction to the chemical sensory system as it relates to host selection in general. This is followed by considerable discussions on host-seeking behavior and allied patterns in behavior. This text also includes the study of oviposition behavior in butterflies belonging to Papilionidae. The third section presents host selection and colonization by three insects within the saprophage-predator continuum, namely, Hylurgopinus rufipes, Scolytus multistriatus, and Pissodes strobi. The behaviors by which certain oligophagous insects locate and select food plants are also considered. The concluding part addresses the unifying theme and the diversity of responses of phytophagous insects to plants. The book provides direction toward developing a unifying theme and improving the ability to unravel the complexities of insect/plant interactions. Behaviorists, ecologists, entomologists, evolutionary biologists, and physiologists will find this book invaluable.

Table of Contents


  • Contributors

    Preface

    Introduction

    Part I. Neurophysiological Aspects

    1. The Behavioral and Neurophysiological Basis of Food-Plant Selection by Lepidopterous Larvae

    I. Introduction

    II. Behavioral Responses to Potential Food Plants

    III. Chemical Basis of Host-Plant Selection

    IV. Responses of the Chemosensory Cells to Plants and Plant Chemicals

    V. Summary

    References

    Part II. The Diversity of Behavioral Cues

    2. Chemical Aspects of Oviposition Behavior in Butterflies

    I. Introduction

    II. Host Relationship among Butterflies

    III. Chemosensory Systems in Butterflies

    IV. Studies of Swallowtail Butterflies

    V. Discussion

    VI. Summary

    References

    3. Individual Variation in Host Location by Phytophagous Insects

    I. Introduction

    II. Environmental Sources of Individual Variation in Host Location

    III. Genetic Variation and Neurological Models of Host Selectivity

    IV. Case Study: Individual Variation in Host Location by Battus philenor

    V. Summary

    References

    4. Spatial Patterns in the Plant Community and Their Effects upon Insect Search

    I. Introduction

    II. Insect Responses to Plant Community Texture

    III. Factors Generating Nonrandom Herbivore Distributions

    IV. Implications for Agricultural Systems

    V. Summary

    References

    Part III. Host Search in Relation to the Breadth of Diet

    5. Integration of Visual Stimuli, Host Odorants, and Pheromones by Bark Beetles and Weevils in Locating and Colonizing Host Trees

    I. Introduction

    II. Host Selection by Three Species

    III. Generalizations and Summary

    References

    6. Host Location in the Colorado Potato Beetle: Searching Mechanisms in Relation to Oligophagy

    I. Introduction

    II. The Colorado Potato Beetle and Its Host Plants

    III. Host-Seeking Behavior of the Colorado Potato Beetle

    IV. Comparison with Host Location in Other Oligophagous Insects

    V. Summary

    References

    7. Host-Seeking Behavior of the Gypsy Moth: The Influence of Polyphagy and Highly Apparent Host Plants

    I. Introduction

    II. Background Biology of the Gypsy Moth

    III. Host Location in the Gypsy Moth

    IV. Host Location in Other Generalist Herbivores

    V. Concluding Remarks

    VI. Summary

    References

    Part IV. Evolutionary Aspects of Host Selection

    8. Selective Factors in the Evolution of Host Choice by Phytophagous Insects

    I. Introduction

    II. Alternative Physiological Mechanisms

    III. Modes of Evolutionary Explanation

    IV. Phylogenetic Considerations

    V. Cost-Benefit Considerations

    VI. Genetic Variation in Phytophagous Insects

    VII. Evolution of Host-Seeking Behavior

    VIII. Concluding Remarks

    IX. Summary

    References

    Index


Product details

  • No. of pages: 274
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Academic Press 1983
  • Published: June 28, 1983
  • Imprint: Academic Press
  • eBook ISBN: 9780323158244

About the Editor

Sami Ahmad

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