Heavy Metals in the Aquatic Environment - 1st Edition - ISBN: 9780080180687, 9781483144436

Heavy Metals in the Aquatic Environment

1st Edition

Proceedings of the International Conference Held in Nashville, Tennessee, December 1973

Editors: P. A. Krenkel
eBook ISBN: 9781483144436
Imprint: Pergamon
Published Date: 1st January 1975
Page Count: 362
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Description

Heavy Metals in the Aquatic Environment contains the proceedings of an international conference held in Nashville, Tennessee in December 1973. This conference is co-sponsored by the International Association on Water Pollution Research, the Sport Fishing Institute, the American Fishing Tackle Manufacturers Association, and Vanderbilt University's Department of Environmental and Water Resources Engineering. Contributors focus on the hazards posed by heavy metals present in the aquatic environment and how to control them. This text consists of 45 chapters divided into eight sections. This book assesses the environmental impact of heavy metals found in the aquatic environment; the economic impact of removing them from waste effluents; and the costs vs. benefits attained by their removal. The social costs are also evaluated. After an introduction to dose-response relationships resulting from human exposure to methylmercury compounds, the discussion turns to the toxicity of cadmium in relation to itai-itai disease; the effects of heavy metals on fish and aquatic organisms; and the analytical methods used for measuring concentrations of methylmercury and other heavy metals. The next sections explore the transport, distribution, and removal of heavy metals, along with regulations, standards, surveillance, and monitoring aimed at addressing the problem. This book will be of interest to planners and policymakers involved in water pollution control.

Table of Contents


Preface

Contents

Session I Toxicology and Physiology

A Review of Dose-Response Relationships Resulting from Human Exposure to Methylmercury Compounds

Discussion

Toxicity of Cadmium—Mechanism and Diagnosis

The Effects of Heavy Metals on Fish and Aquatic Organisms

Discussion

Mercury Concentrations in Humans and Consumption of Fish Containing Methylmercury

Session II Analytical Techniques

Methylmercury Analysis (A Review and Some Data)

Discussion

A Review of the Status of Total Mercury Analysis

Discussion

Analytical Techniques for Heavy Metals Other Than Mercury

Discussion

Session III Transport Mechanisms (1)

Field Observations on the Transport of Heavy Metals in Sediments

Discussion

Some Remarks

Metabolic Cycles for Toxic Elements in the Environment. A Study of Kinetics and Mechanism

Discussion

Sorption Phenomenon in the Organics of Bottom Sediments

Discussion

Session IV Transport Mechanisms (2)

Role of Hydrous Metal Oxides in the Transport of Heavy Metals in the Environment

Discussion

The Accumulation and Excretion of Heavy Metals in Organisms

Discussion

Transport and Biological Effects of Molybdenum in the Environment

Discussion

Biological and Nonbiological Transformations of Mercury in Aquatic Systems

Session V Distribution of Heavy Metals in the Environment

The Distribution of Mercury in Fish and Its Form of Occurrence

Discussion

Comment

Environmental Lead Distribution in Relation to Automobile and Mine and Smelter Sources

Discussion

Investigations of Heavy Metals and Other Persistent Chemicals, Westernport Bay, Australia

Mercury Distribution in the Chesapeake Bay

Session VI Source Reduction Methodology

Canadian Experience with the Reduction of Mercury at Chlor-alkali Plants

Discussion

Physical-Chemical Methods of Heavy Metals Removal

Discussion

The Effects and Removal of Heavy Metals in Biological Treatment

Discussion

Session VII Corrective Measures for Existing Problems

The Feasibility of Restoring Mercury-Contaminated Waters

Discussion

Experience with Heavy Metals in the Tennessee Valley Authority System

The Use of Synthetic Scavengers for the Binding of Heavy Metals

Discussion

Session VIII Legislation, Standards, Surveillance, and Monitoring

Current Regulations and Enforcement Experience by the Environmental Protection Agency

Risk-Benefit Analysis and the Economics of Heavy Metals Control

Author Index

Subject Index


Details

No. of pages:
362
Language:
English
Copyright:
© Pergamon 1975
Published:
Imprint:
Pergamon
eBook ISBN:
9781483144436

About the Editor

P. A. Krenkel