Hearing Science and Hearing Disorders

Hearing Science and Hearing Disorders

1st Edition - January 28, 1983

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  • Editor: M.E. Lutman
  • eBook ISBN: 9781483295169

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Description

Hearing Science and Hearing Disorders focuses on the nature of the processes in the inner ear and the nervous system that mediate hearing. Organized into eight chapters, this book first discusses the nature of speech communication, the extent of hearing problems, and the pathophysiology of hearing. Four core chapters follow, in which four areas of central importance to understanding hearing disorders and their effects are covered. These areas are assessment of auditory function, the scope for technological solutions, the nature of audio-visual speech perception, and the effects of deafness upon speech production. This book will be valuable to students; to academic and professional workers concerned with hearing, speech, and their disorders; and to scientifically or medically literate people in general.

Table of Contents


  • Preface

    Editorial Note

    List of Contributors

    Hearing for Speech: The Information Transmitted in Normal and Impaired Speech

    I. Introduction

    II. What Forms Can Linquistically Relevant Information Take?

    III. Articulatory and Acoustic Bases for Phonetic Contrasts

    IV. Representations of Acoustic and Auditory Speech Patterns

    V. Properties of Hearing Impairment Relevant to Speech Perception

    VI. Division of Labour between Perception and Production for Efficient Speech Communication

    VII. Speech Perception in Hearing Impaired Listeners

    VIII. Concluding Summary

    Hearing Disorders in the Population: First Phase Findings of the MRC National Study of Hearing

    I. Introduction and Aims

    II. The Design of the National Study of Hearing

    III. Prevalence of Reported Auditory Impairment and Disability

    IV. Relationship between Measured Audiological Impairment and Self-Reported Impairment

    V. Prevalence of Types and Degrees of Auditory Impairment

    VI. The Variation of Auditory Impairment and Disability with Age, Sex and Socioeconomic Group

    VII. Hearing Aid Possession

    VIII. Concluding Summary

    Pathophysiology of the Peripheral Hearing Mechanism

    I. Introduction

    II. How are Sounds Analysed by the Ear?

    III. The Ear as a Bank of Filters

    IV. Animal Models of Deafness

    V. Relevance to Understanding Hearing Loss in Patients

    VI. Can We Put This New Understanding of the Pathophysiology of Hearing to Pratical Use?

    VII. Other Aspects of Hearing Impairment: Animal Models of Tinnitus

    VIII. Concluding Summary

    The Scientific Basis for the Assessment of Hearing

    I. Introduction

    II. Classification of Hearing Disorders into Clinical Types

    III. Historical Development of Hearing Assessment

    IV. Basic Subjective Methods of Assessment

    V. Basic Objective Methods of Hearing Assessment

    VI. Diagnostic Determinants

    VII. Assessment for Rehabilitation

    VIII. Diagnosis versus Rehabilitation

    IX. Concluding Summary

    Audio-Visual Speech Perception, Lipreading and Artificial Stimulation

    I. Possibilities and Limitations of Lipreading

    II. Lipreading Consonants

    III. Lipreading Vowels

    IV. Lipreading Fluent Speech

    V. Should "Lipreading" Be Taught?

    VI. Sensory Substitution and Hearing; "Bionic Ears" or Aids to Lipreading?

    VII. Concluding Summary

    Speech Production in Profound Postlingual Deafness

    I. Introduction - Recognition of the Problem

    II. The Severity of the Problem

    III. The Nature of Speech Deterioration

    IV. Theoretical Issues

    V. Concluding Summary

    New and Old Conceptions of Hearing Aids

    I. Introduction

    II. The Disabling Aspects of Impairment

    III. Effects of the Intensity of Speech

    IV. Signal Processing to Enhance Speech Perception

    V. Behavioural Factors in Relation to Aid Characteristics

    VI. Concluding Summary

    Rehabilitation and Service Needs

    I. Introduction

    II. General Description of an Ideal Service

    III. Rehabilitation Services in Different Countries

    IV. Cost Effectiveness

    V. Possible Short-term Improvements

    Glossary of Audiological Acoustical and Phonetic Terms

    Index


Product details

  • No. of pages: 338
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Academic Press 1983
  • Published: January 28, 1983
  • Imprint: Academic Press
  • eBook ISBN: 9781483295169

About the Editor

M.E. Lutman

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