Hazard Assessment of Chemicals

Hazard Assessment of Chemicals

Current Developments

1st Edition - June 7, 1984

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  • Editor: Jitendra Saxena
  • eBook ISBN: 9781483261850

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Description

Hazard Assessment of Chemicals: Current Developments, Volume 3 is a collection of expertly written articles that provide relevant and important information on the environmental and health hazard assessment of chemicals. The volume presents studies and expositions on such topics as hazard priority ranking system (or scoring system), a method to rank chemicals on the severity of their ill effects on the environment and human health. The book also tackles the effect of particulates on the toxic manifestations of chemicals; application of aquatic organisms as indicator systems for early detection of waterborne human carcinogens; techniques for metal speciation; and impact of fluorocarbons and other contaminants on stratospheric ozone. Environmentalists, ecologists, toxicologists, public safety officers and workers, and those concerned with the health effects of chemical agents in the environment will find this book very informative.

Table of Contents


  • Contents

    Contributors

    Preface

    Contents of Previous Volumes

    Physicochemical Speciation of Inorganic Compounds in Environmental Media

    I. Introduction

    II. Airborne Particles

    III. Metal Vapors and Alkyls in Air

    IV. Street Dusts

    V. Sediments and Soils

    VI. Natural Waters

    VII. Conclusions

    References

    Scoring Systems for Hazard Assessment

    I. Introduction

    II. Survey of Scoring Systems

    III. Factors to Consider in Designing or Selecting a Scoring System

    IV. Steps Involved in Scoring

    V. Criteria for Scoring

    VI. Comparison of Scoring System Capabilities

    VII. Applications of Scoring Systems

    References

    The Role of Medical Records in Evaluating Hazardous Chemical Exposures

    I. Introduction

    II. Potential Uses of Medical Record Systems

    III. Characteristics of Medical Records as a Data Source

    IV. Attributes of Medical Records Determining Their Effectiveness in Evaluating Hazardous Chemical Exposures

    V. Methodological Considerations in Implementing a Record-Based Hazard Evaluation System

    VI. Case Studies

    VII. Recommendations

    References

    Mediation of Toxicological Properties of Chemicals by Particulate Matter

    I. Introduction

    II. Tobacco Smoke

    III. Polynuclear Aromatic Hydrocarbons

    IV. N-Nitroso Compounds

    V. Pesticides

    VI. Gases and Vapors

    VII. Metal Compounds

    VIII. General Summary

    IX. Prospectus

    References

    Aquatic Animal Neoplasia as an Indicator for Carcinogenic Hazards to Man

    I. Introduction

    II. Environmental Pollution

    III. Environmental Carcinogenesis

    IV. Diagnostic Considerations

    V. Assessment of Exposure to Chemical Agents

    VI. Epizootiologic Studies of Spontaneous Neoplasms in Aquatic Animals

    VII. Linkage of Environmental Pollution to Aquatic Animal Neoplasia

    VIII. Conclusion

    References

    Behavioral Effects of Industrial Chemicals on Aquatic Animals

    I. Introduction

    II. Variability in Behavior of Aquatic Animals

    III. Preference or Avoidance of Industrial Chemicals by Aquatic Animals

    IV. Stress Behavior for Biological Monitoring

    V. Effects of Industrial Chemicals on Other Types of Animal Behavior

    VI. Conclusions

    References

    Stratospheric Ozone Modification by Man's Influence

    I. Introduction

    II. Chemistry and Physics of Ozone

    III. Modeling the Ambient Atmosphere

    IV. Model Calculations to Characterize Potential Changes

    V. A Comprehensive Approach—Multiple Perturbations

    VI. Ozone Measurements

    VII. Prospects for Future Research

    References

    Overview of Health Effects of Formaldehyde

    I. Introduction

    II. Regulatory Activities

    III. Chemical Properties

    IV. Sources and Exposure

    V. Metabolism

    VI. General Toxicology

    VII. Hypersensitization

    VIII. Teratogenic and Reproductive Effects

    IX. Genetic Effects

    X. Carcinogenicity

    XI. Epidemiology

    XII. Summary and Conclusions

    References

    Chlorinated Ethanes: Sources, Distribution, Environmental Impact, and Health Effects

    I. General Remarks

    II. Monochloroethane (CH3CH2C1)

    III. 1,1-Dichloroethane (CH3CHC12)

    IV. 1,2-Dichloroethane (CH2C1CH2C1)

    V. 1,1,1-Trichloroethane (CH3CC13)

    VI. 1,1,2-Trichloroethane (CHC12CH2C1)

    VII. 1,1,1,2-Tetrachloroethane (CH2C1CC13)

    VIII. l,l,2,2-Tetrachloroethane(CHCl2CHCl2)

    IX. Pentachloroethane (CHC12CC13)

    X. Hexachloroethane (CC13CC13)

    XI. General Conclusions

    References

    Chemical Substance Index

    Subject Index

Product details

  • No. of pages: 480
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Academic Press 1984
  • Published: June 7, 1984
  • Imprint: Academic Press
  • eBook ISBN: 9781483261850

About the Editor

Jitendra Saxena

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