Handbook of Vacuum Arc Science & Technology

Handbook of Vacuum Arc Science & Technology

Fundamentals and Applications

1st Edition - December 31, 1996

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  • Editors: Raymond L. Boxman, David Sanders, Philip J. Martin
  • eBook ISBN: 9780815517795

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This is a comprehensive text describing the basic physics and technological applications of vacuum arcs. Part I describes basic physics of the vacuum arc, beginning with a brief tutorial review of plasma and electrical discharge physics, then describes the arc ignition process, cathode and anode spots which serve as the locus for plasma generation, and resultant interelectrode plasma. Part II describes the applications of the vacuum arc for depositing thin films and coatings, refining metals, switching high power, and as sources of intense electron, ion, plasma, and x-ray beams.


Scientists, engineers, and technologists in the coating and thin film fields, and especially those involved in wear resistant coatings in the tool and automotive industries, and those involved in decorative coatings.

Table of Contents

  • Part I: Fundamentals of Vacuum Arc Science and Technology
    1. Electrical Discharges and Plasmas-A Brief Tutorial
    Definitions and Purpose of the Chapter
    Collision Processes
    Collective Behavior
    Conduction of Electrical Current
    Magnetic Effects
    Electrode Effects
    Chapter Summary
    2. Arc Ignition
    Field Emission
    Insulator Enhanced Emission
    Particle Effects
    Main Insulator Considerations
    Breakdown-to-Arc Transition
    Arc Ignition from Low Voltage Sources
    Laser Ignition
    Hollow-Cathode Arc
    Chapter Summary
    3. Cathode Spots
    Theories of Cathode Spots
    Chapter Summary
    4. The Interelectrode Plasma
    The Multi-Cathode Spot Vacuum Arc
    Experimental Characterization of the Interelectrode Plasma
    The Interelectrode Plasma in an External Magnetic Field
    The Interelectrode Plasma Model
    Plasma-Macroparticles Interaction
    Plasma and Current Interaction with a Magnetic Field
    Summary and Conclusions
    5. Anode Phenomena
    Anode Modes
    Transitions Between Anode Modes
    Theories and Models of Anode Phenomena

    Part II: Applications of Vacuum Arc Science and Technology
    6. Coatings From the Vacuum Arc
    Vacuum Arc Deposition
    Arc Source Designs
    Rigid-Rotor Models of Plasma Flow
    Film Growth
    Applications of Arc-Deposited Coatings
    Emerging Applications and New Opportunities with PVD Arc Sources
    7. Vacuum Arc Metal Processing
    General Metallurgical Aspects of Vacuum Treatment
    VAR Technology
    Other Vacuum Arc Melting and Remelting Technologies
    Comparison with Other Remelting Technologies
    Summary and Conclusions
    8. Vacuum Switching of High Current and High Voltage at Power Frequencies
    Introduction to Power Switching
    Fundamentals of Current Interruption
    Construction of Vacuum Interrupters
    Application of Vacuum Switchgear
    9. Pulsed Power Applications
    Pulsed Power Concepts and Definitions
    Vacuum Arcs as Switches
    Vacuum Arcs as Loads
    Nomenclature-by Subject
    About the Contributors

Product details

  • No. of pages: 773
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © William Andrew 1996
  • Published: December 31, 1996
  • Imprint: William Andrew
  • eBook ISBN: 9780815517795

About the Editors

Raymond L. Boxman

Affiliations and Expertise

Tel Aviv University, Israel

David Sanders

Affiliations and Expertise

David Sanders formerly professor at Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory

Philip J. Martin

Affiliations and Expertise

CSIRO, Division of Applied Physics, Australia

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