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Handbook of Vacuum Arc Science & Technology - 1st Edition - ISBN: 9780815513759, 9780815517795

Handbook of Vacuum Arc Science & Technology

1st Edition

Fundamentals and Applications

Editors: Raymond L. Boxman David Sanders Philip J. Martin
eBook ISBN: 9780815517795
Hardcover ISBN: 9780815513759
Imprint: William Andrew
Published Date: 31st December 1996
Page Count: 773
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Description

This is a comprehensive text describing the basic physics and technological applications of vacuum arcs. Part I describes basic physics of the vacuum arc, beginning with a brief tutorial review of plasma and electrical discharge physics, then describes the arc ignition process, cathode and anode spots which serve as the locus for plasma generation, and resultant interelectrode plasma. Part II describes the applications of the vacuum arc for depositing thin films and coatings, refining metals, switching high power, and as sources of intense electron, ion, plasma, and x-ray beams.

Readership

Scientists, engineers, and technologists in the coating and thin film fields, and especially those involved in wear resistant coatings in the tool and automotive industries, and those involved in decorative coatings.

Table of Contents

Part I: Fundamentals of Vacuum Arc Science and Technology
1. Electrical Discharges and Plasmas-A Brief Tutorial
Definitions and Purpose of the Chapter
Collision Processes
Collective Behavior
Conduction of Electrical Current
Magnetic Effects
Electrode Effects
Chapter Summary
References
2. Arc Ignition
Introduction
Field Emission
Insulator Enhanced Emission
Particle Effects
Main Insulator Considerations
Breakdown-to-Arc Transition
Arc Ignition from Low Voltage Sources
Laser Ignition
Hollow-Cathode Arc
Chapter Summary
References
3. Cathode Spots
Phenomenology
Theories of Cathode Spots
Chapter Summary
References
4. The Interelectrode Plasma
Introduction
The Multi-Cathode Spot Vacuum Arc
Experimental Characterization of the Interelectrode Plasma
The Interelectrode Plasma in an External Magnetic Field
The Interelectrode Plasma Model
Plasma-Macroparticles Interaction
Plasma and Current Interaction with a Magnetic Field
Summary and Conclusions
References
5. Anode Phenomena
Introduction
Anode Modes
Transitions Between Anode Modes
Theories and Models of Anode Phenomena

Part II: Applications of Vacuum Arc Science and Technology
6. Coatings From the Vacuum Arc
Vacuum Arc Deposition
Arc Source Designs
Rigid-Rotor Models of Plasma Flow
Film Growth
Applications of Arc-Deposited Coatings
Emerging Applications and New Opportunities with PVD Arc Sources
7. Vacuum Arc Metal Processing
Introduction
General Metallurgical Aspects of Vacuum Treatment
VAR Technology
Other Vacuum Arc Melting and Remelting Technologies
Comparison with Other Remelting Technologies
Summary and Conclusions
References
8. Vacuum Switching of High Current and High Voltage at Power Frequencies
Introduction to Power Switching
Fundamentals of Current Interruption
Construction of Vacuum Interrupters
Application of Vacuum Switchgear
References
9. Pulsed Power Applications
Introduction
Pulsed Power Concepts and Definitions
Vacuum Arcs as Switches
Vacuum Arcs as Loads
References
Nomenclature-by Subject
Nomenclature-Alphabetical
Index
About the Contributors

Details

No. of pages:
773
Language:
English
Copyright:
© William Andrew 1996
Published:
31st December 1996
Imprint:
William Andrew
eBook ISBN:
9780815517795
Hardcover ISBN:
9780815513759

About the Editors

Raymond L. Boxman

Affiliations and Expertise

Tel Aviv University, Israel

David Sanders

Affiliations and Expertise

David Sanders formerly professor at Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory

Philip J. Martin

Affiliations and Expertise

CSIRO, Division of Applied Physics, Australia

Ratings and Reviews