Handbook of Solvents, Volume 2

Handbook of Solvents, Volume 2

Volume 2: Use, Health, and Environment

3rd Edition - February 13, 2019

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  • Editor: George Wypych
  • Hardcover ISBN: 9781927885413
  • eBook ISBN: 9781927885420

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Description

Handbook of Solvents, Volume Two: Use, Health, and Environment, Third Edition, contains the most comprehensive information ever published on solvents and an extensive analysis of the principles of solvent selection and use. The book is intended to help formulators select ideal solvents, safety coordinators protect workers, and legislators and inspectors define and implement public safeguards on solvent usage, handling and disposal. The book begins with a discussion of solvent use in over 30 industries, which are the main consumers of solvents. The analysis is conducted based on available data and contains information on the types of solvents used and potential problems and solutions. In addition, the possibilities for solvent substitution are also discussed, with an emphasis on supercritical solvents, ionic liquids, ionic melts, and agriculture-based products.

Key Features

  • Assists in solvent selection by providing key information and insight on environmental and safety issues
  • Provides essential best practice guidance for human health considerations
  • Discusses the latest advances and trends in solvent technology, including modern methods of cleaning contaminated soils, selection of gloves, suits and respirators

Readership

Readers who need to understand the health and environmental implications of a wide range of solvents. Engineers and Scientists in R&D, production chemists and engineers, environmental engineers, environmental professionals, civil engineers, university professors, students

Table of Contents

  • 13 SOLVENT USE IN VARIOUS INDUSTRIES
    13.1 Adhesives and sealants
    George Wypych, ChemTec Laboratories, Toronto, Canada
    13.2 Aerospace
    13.3 Asphalt compounding
    13.4 Biotechnology
    13.4.1 Organic solvents in microbial production processes
    Michiaki Matsumoto, Sonja Isken, Jan A. M. de Bont, Division of Industrial Microbiology Department of Food Technology and Nutritional Sciences, Wageningen University, Wageningen, The Netherlands
    13.4.2 Solvent-resistant microorganisms
    Tilman Hahn, Konrad Botzenhart, Institut fuer Allgemeine Hygiene und Umwelthygiene, Universitaet Tuebingen, Tuebingen, Germany
    13.4.3 Choice of solvent for enzymatic reaction in organic solvent
    Tsuneo Yamane, Graduate School of Bio- and Agro-Sciences, Nagoya University, Nagoya, Japan
    13.5 Coil coating
    George Wypych, ChemTec Laboratories, Toronto, Canada
    13.6 Cosmetics and personal care products
    13.7 Dry cleaning - treatment of textiles in solvents
    Kaspar D. Hasenclever, Kreussler & Co. GmbH, Wiesbaden, Germany
    13.8 Electronic industry - CFC-free alternatives for cleaning in electronic industry
    Martin Hanek, Norbert Loew, Dr. O. K. Wack Chemie, Ingolstadt, Germany; Andreas Muehlbauer, Zestron Corporation, Ashburn, VA, USA
    13.9 Fabricated metal products
    George Wypych, ChemTec Laboratories, Toronto, Canada
    13.10 Food industry - solvents for extracting vegetable oils
    Phillip J. Wakelyn, National Cotton Council, Washington, DC, USA; Peter J. Wan, USDA, ARS, SRRC, New Orleans, LA, USA
    13.11 Ground transportation
    George Wypych, ChemTec Laboratories, Toronto, Canada
    13.12 Inorganic chemical industry
    13.13 Iron and steel industry
    13.14 Lumber and wood products - Wood preservation treatment: significance of solvents
    Tilman Hahn, Konrad Botzenhart, Fritz Schweinsberg, Institut fuer Allgemeine Hygiene und Umwelthygiene, Universitaet Tuebingen, Tuebingen, Germany; Gerhard Volland, Otto-Graf-Institut, Universitaet Stuttgart, Stuttgart, Germany
    13.15 Medical applications
    George Wypych, ChemTec Laboratories, Toronto, Canada
    13.16 Metal casting
    13.17 Motor vehicle assembly
    13.18 Organic chemical industry
    13.19 Paints and coatings
    13.19.1 Architectural surface coatings and solvents
    Tilman Hahn, Konrad Botzenhart, Fritz Schweinsberg, Institut fuer Allgemeine Hygiene und Umwelthygiene, Universitaet Tuebingen, Tuebingen, Germany; Gerhard Volland, Otto-Graf-Institut, Universitaet Stuttgart, Stuttgart, Germany
    13.19.2 Recent advances in coalescing solvents for waterborne coatings
    David Randall, Chemoxy International pcl, Cleveland, United Kingdom
    13.20 Petroleum refining industry
    George Wypych, ChemTec Laboratories, Toronto, Canada
    13.21 Pharmaceutical industry
    13.21.1 Use of solvents in the manufacture of drug substances (DS) and drug products (DP)
    Michel Bauer, International Analytical Department, Sanofi-Synthelabo, Toulouse, France; Christine Barthelemy, Laboratoire de Pharmacie Galenique et Biopharmacie, Faculte des Sciences Pharmaceutiques et Biologiques, Universite de Lille 2, Lille, France
    13.21.2 Predicting cosolvency for pharmaceutical and environmental applications
    An Li, School of Public Health, University of Illinois at Chicago, Chicago, IL, USA
    13.22 Polymers and man-made fibers
    George Wypych, ChemTec Laboratories, Toronto, Canada
    13.23 Printing industry
    13.24 Pulp and paper
    13.25 Rubber and Plastics
    13.26 Use of solvents in the shipbuilding and ship repair industry
    Mohamed Serageldin, U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Research Triangle Park, NC, USA; Dave Reeves, Midwest Research Institute, Cary, NC, USA
    13.27 Stone, clay, glass, and concrete
    George Wypych, ChemTec Laboratories, Toronto, Canada
    13.28 Textile industry
    13.29 Transportation equipment cleaning
    13.30 Water transportation
    13.31 Wood furniture
    13.32 Summary
    14 METHODS OF SOLVENT DETECTION AND TESTING
    14.1 Standard methods of solvent analysis
    George Wypych, ChemTec Laboratories, Toronto, Canada
    14.2 Special methods of solvent analysis
    Myrto Petreas, California Environmental Protection Agency, Berkeley, USA
    14.3 Simple test to determine toxicity of bacteria
    James L. Botsford, New Mexico State University, Las Cruces, USA
    15 RESIDUAL SOLVENTS IN PRODUCTS
    15.1 Residual solvents in various products
    George Wypych, ChemTec Laboratories, Toronto, Canada
    15.2 Residual solvents in pharmaceutical substances and products
    Eric Deconinck and Jaques O. De Beeer
    16 ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT OF SOLVENTS
    16.1 The environmental fate and movement of organic solvents in water, soil, and air
    William R. Roy, Illinois State Geological Survey, Champaign, IL, USA
    16.2 Fate-based management of organic solvent-containing wastes
    William R. Roy, Illinois State Geological Survey, Champaign, IL, USA
    16.3 Organic solvent impacts on tropospheric air pollution
    Michelle Bergin, Armistead Russell, Georgia Institute of Technology, Atlanta, Georgia, USA
    17 CONCENTRATION OF SOLVENTS IN VARIOUS INDUSTRIAL ENVIRONMENTS
    17.1 Measurement and estimation of solvents emission and odor
    Margot Scheithauer, Institut fuer Holztechnologie Dresden, Germany
    17.2 Emission of organic solvents during usage of ecological paints
    Krzysztof M. Benczek, Joanna Kurpiewska, Central Institute for Labor Protection, Warsaw, Poland
    17.3 Indoor air pollution by solvents contained in paints and varnishes
    Tilman Hahn, Konrad Botznhart, Fritz Schweinsberg, Gerhard Volland, University of Tuebingen, Tuebingen, Germany
    17.4 Solvent uses with exposure risks
    Pentti Kalliokoski, Kai Savolainen, Finnish Institute of Occupational Health, Helsinki, Finland
    18 REGULATIONS
    18 Regulations in US and other countries
    Carlos M. Nunez, U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, National Risk Management Research Laboratory Research, Triangle Park, NC, USA
    18.1 Regulations in Europe
    Tilman Hahn, Konrad Botzenhart, Fritz Schweinsberg, Institut fuer Allgemeine Hygiene und Umwelthygiene, Universitaet Tuebingen, Tuebingen, Germany
    19 TOXIC EFFECTS OF SOLVENT EXPOSURE
    19.1 Toxicokinetics, toxicodynamics, and toxicology
    Tilman Hahn, Konrad Botzenhart, Fritz Schweinsberg, University of Tuebingen, Tuebingen, Germany
    19.2 Pregnancy outcome following maternal organic solvent exposure
    Gideon Koren, The Motherisk Program, Division of Clinical Pharmacology and Toxicology, Hospital for Sick Children, Toronto, Canada
    19.3 Industrial solvents and kidney disease
    Nachman Brautbar, University of Southern California, School of Medicine, Department of Medicine, Los Angeles, CA, USA
    19.4 Lymphohematopoietic study of workers exposed to benzene including multiple myeloma, lymphoma and chronic lymphatic leukemia
    Nachman Brautbar, University of Southern California, School of Medicine, Department of Medicine, Los Angeles, CA, USA
    19.5 Chromosomal aberrations and sister chromatoid exchanges
    Nachman Brautbar, University of Southern California, School of Medicine, Department of Medicine, Los Angeles, CA, USA
    19.6 Hepatotoxicity
    Nachman Brautbar, University of Southern California, School of Medicine, Department of Medicine, Los Angeles, CA, USA
    19.7 Toxicity of environmental solvent exposure for brain, lung and heart
    Kaye H. Kilburn, School of Medicine, University of Southern California, Los Angeles, CA, USA
    20 SUBSTITUTION OF SOLVENTS BY SAFER PRODUCTS AND PROCESSES
    20.1 Supercritical solvents
    Aydin K. Sunol, Sermin G. Sunol, Department of Chemical Engineering, University of South Florida, Tampa, FL, USA
    20.2 Ionic liquids
    D.W. Rooney, K.R. Seddon, School of Chemistry, The Queen’s University of Belfast, Belfast, Northern Ireland
    20.3 Deep eutectic solvents and their applications as new green reaction media
    Joaquin Garcia-Alvarez
    20.4 Novel Applications of the bio-based solvent ethyl lactate in chemical technology
    David Villaneuva-Bermejo, Department of Agricultural, Food, and Nutritional Science, University of Alberta, Edmonton, Alberta, Canada, and Tiziana Fornari, Instituto de Investgacion en Ciencias de la Alimentacion, Universidad Autonoma de Madrid, Madrid, Spain
    21 SOLVENT RECYCLING, REMOVAL, AND DEGRADATION
    21.1 Absorptive solvent recovery
    Klaus-Dirk Henning, CarboTech Aktivkohlen GmbH, Essen, Germany
    21.2 Solvent recovery
    Isao Kimura, Kanken Techno Co., Ltd., Osaka, Japan
    21.3 Solvent treatment in a paints and coating plant
    Denis Kargol, OFRU Recycling GmbH & Co. KG,  Babenhausen, Germany
    21.4 Application of solar photocatalytic oxidation to VOC-containing airstreams
    K. A. Magrini, A. S. Watt, L. C. Boyd, E. J. Wolfrum, S. A. Larson,C. Roth, G. C. Glatzmaier, National Renewable Energy Laboratory, Golden, CO, USA
    22  NATURAL ATTENUATION OF CHLORINATED SOLVENTS IN GROUND WATER
    Hanadi S. Rifai, Civil and Environmental Engineering, University of Houston, Houston, Texas, USA; Groundwater Services, Inc., Houston, Texas, USA; Charles J. Newell Todd H. Wiedemeier, Parson Engineering Science, Denver, CO, USA
    Moffett Field, CA
    23 PROTECTION
    George Wypych, ChemTec Laboratories, Toronto, Canada
    22.1 Gloves
    22.2 Suit materials
    22.3 Respiratory protection
    24 NEW TRENDS BASED ON PATENT LITERATURE
    George Wypych, ChemTec Laboratories, Toronto, Canada

Product details

  • No. of pages: 942
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © ChemTec Publishing 2019
  • Published: February 13, 2019
  • Imprint: ChemTec Publishing
  • Hardcover ISBN: 9781927885413
  • eBook ISBN: 9781927885420

About the Editor

George Wypych

George Wypych has a Ph.D. in chemical engineering. His professional expertise includes both university teaching (full professor) and research and development. He has published 18 books, 47 scientific papers, and he has obtained 16 patents. He specializes in polymer additives, polymer processing and formulation, material durability and the development of sealants and coatings.

Affiliations and Expertise

ChemTec Publishing, Ontario, Canada

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