Handbook of Research Methods in Human Memory and Cognition

Handbook of Research Methods in Human Memory and Cognition

1st Edition - June 28, 1982

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  • Editor: C. Richard Puff
  • eBook ISBN: 9781483265780

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Description

Handbook of Research Methods in Human Memory and Cognition is a compilation of critical examinations of major contemporary research methods in the area of human memory and cognition. The book covers topics that are defined in terms of experimental tasks and materials, aiming to introduce newcomers to the range of methodologies available and allow flexibility of choices for established investigators on how to attack the problem. Recognition memory, free-recall, and prose memory are discussed in detail. Psychologists and researchers in allied fields will find the book a good reference material.

Table of Contents


  • Contents

    List of contributors

    Preface

    1 Recognition Memory

    Definitions

    Accuracy

    Latency

    Covariation of Accuracy and Latency

    Guidelines

    Notes on the Guidelines

    Reference Notes

    References

    2 Visual Search

    Relationship of Visual Search Tasks to Categorization Tasks

    What Constitutes a "Class" or "Category" of Visual Stimuli?

    Positional Effects and Order of Scanning of Items on Displays

    Temporal and Spatial Sequential Effects in Visual Search

    Redundancy in the Structure of Displays: The Word-Superiority Effect

    Active Control of Visual Search

    Practice Effects in Visual Search

    Conclusions

    Reference Notes

    References

    3 Short-Term Memory

    Introduction

    Recall Paradigms

    Recognition Paradigms

    Rehearsal and Repetition

    Modality Effects

    Preload and Concurrent Task Load

    Measures of the Amount Held in Short-Term Storage

    Concluding Remarks

    Reference Note

    References

    4 Free Recall: Basic Methodology and Analyses

    Introduction

    Manipulation and Control of Task Parameters

    Scoring and Measures

    Some Variations

    Reference Notes

    References

    5 The Analysis of Organization and Structure in Free Recall

    Introduction

    Analysis of Single-Item Information

    Analysis of Item-Pair Information

    Analysis of Item-Group Information

    Comparison of Alternative Hypotheses

    Exploratory Analysis

    Generalization and Extension of Analytic Procedures

    Reference Notes

    References

    6 Cued Recall

    Introduction

    Reference Experiments

    Experimental Parameters

    Measurement of Performance

    Relation to Other Paradigms

    References

    7 Incidental Learning and Orienting Tasks

    Introduction

    Incidental versus Intentional Learning

    Orienting Tasks and Processing Activities

    Conclusions

    References

    8 Cognitive Strategies

    Introduction

    Methods from the Memory Literature

    Methods from the Problem-Solving and Reasoning Literature

    Concluding Remarks

    Reference Note

    References

    9 Picture Memory Methodology

    Current Theoretical Issues

    Experimental Paradigms

    Stimulus Presentation

    The Choice of a Test

    Counterbalancing Measures

    An Example: Yes-No Counterbalancing

    Eye-Movement Methodologies

    A Complete Experiment

    Reference Note

    References

    10 Semantic and Lexical Decisions

    Basic Empirical Findings

    Materials

    Data Collection

    Data Analysis

    Statistics

    Experimental Logics

    Concluding Remarks

    Reference Notes

    References

    11 Imagery

    Introduction

    Specific Paradigms

    Conclusions

    Reference Note

    References

    12 Prose Comprehension and Memory

    Introduction

    Methods Related to the Study of Text Structure

    Methods Related to Variables Studied in the Task Situation

    Methods Focused on the Higher-Level Knowledge Structures

    Summary and Evaluation: Methods and Measures

    Concluding Comments

    Reference Notes

    References

    13 The Activation and Utilization of Knowledge

    Prerequisites to Comprehension

    Studies of Elaboration

    Effects of Context on Significance

    Reorganization and Changes in Significance

    Summary and Conclusions

    References

    14 Long-Term Ecological Memory

    Historical Aspects

    Major Parameters of Ecological Memory Content

    Criteria for the Evaluation of Ecological Methods

    Methods of Investigating Shared-Semantic Memory

    Methods of Investigating Individual-Semantic Memories

    Methods of Investigating Shared-Episodic Memory

    Methods of Investigating Individual-Episodic Memories

    Concluding Comments

    Reference Notes

    References

    Subject Index


Product details

  • No. of pages: 490
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Academic Press 1982
  • Published: June 28, 1982
  • Imprint: Academic Press
  • eBook ISBN: 9781483265780

About the Editor

C. Richard Puff

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