Handbook of Recycled Concrete and Demolition Waste

Handbook of Recycled Concrete and Demolition Waste

Management, Processing and Environmental Assessment

1st Edition - September 30, 2013
This is the Latest Edition
  • Editors: Fernando Pacheco-Torgal, Yining Ding
  • Hardcover ISBN: 9780857096821
  • eBook ISBN: 9780857096906

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Description

The civil engineering sector accounts for a significant percentage of global material and energy consumption and is a major contributor of waste material. The ability to recycle and reuse concrete and demolition waste is critical to reducing environmental impacts in meeting national, regional and global environmental targets. Handbook of recycled concrete and demolition waste summarises key recent research in achieving these goals.Part one considers techniques for managing construction and demolition waste, including waste management plans, ways of estimating levels of waste, the types and optimal location of waste recycling plants and the economics of managing construction and demolition waste. Part two reviews key steps in handling construction and demolition waste. It begins with a comparison between conventional demolition and construction techniques before going on to discuss the preparation, refinement and quality control of concrete aggregates produced from waste. It concludes by assessing the mechanical properties, strength and durability of concrete made using recycled aggregates. Part three includes examples of the use of recycled aggregates in applications such as roads, pavements, high-performance concrete and alkali-activated or geopolymer cements. Finally, the book discusses environmental and safety issues such as the removal of gypsum, asbestos and alkali-silica reaction (ASR) concrete, as well as life-cycle analysis of concrete with recycled aggregates.Handbook of recycled concrete and demolition waste is a standard reference for all those involved in the civil engineering sector, as well as academic researchers in the field.

Key Features

  • Summarises key recent research in recycling and reusing concrete and demolition waste to reduce environmental impacts and meet national, regional and global environmental targets
  • Considers techniques for managing construction and demolition waste, including waste management plans, ways of estimating levels of waste, the types and optimal location of waste recycling plants
  • Reviews key steps in handling construction and demolition waste

Readership

Civil engineers; Architects and researchers who are looking at environment issues or recycling of aggregates in civil engineering

Table of Contents

  • Contributor contact details

    Woodhead Publishing Series in Civil and Structural Engineering

    Chapter 1: Introduction to the recycling of construction and demolition waste (CDW)

    Abstract:

    1.1 Introduction

    1.2 EU 70% recycling target for 2020

    1.3 Outline of the book

    Part I: Managing construction and demolition waste

    Chapter 2: Improving waste management plans in construction projects

    Abstract:

    2.1 Introduction

    2.2 Existing waste management planning (WMP) measures and methods of control

    2.3 Assessing the effectiveness of WMP methodology

    2.4 Conclusions

    2.5 Acknowledgement

    Chapter 3: Methods for estimating construction and demolition (C&D) waste

    Abstract:

    3.1 Introduction

    3.2 Definitions and documents

    3.3 Sources of construction and demolition (C&D) waste

    3.4 Composition of C&D waste

    3.5 Quantification of C&D waste studies

    3.6 Estimate procedures and case studies

    3.7 Future trends

    3.8 Sources of further information and advice

    Chapter 4: Waste management plants and technology for recycling construction and demolition (C&D) waste: state-of-the-art and future challenges

    Abstract:

    4.1 Introduction

    4.2 Types of waste management plants

    4.3 Environmental and health aspects

    4.4 Construction and demolition (C&D) waste management plants in the waste chain: a systems perspective

    4.5 Conclusions and future trends

    4.6 Sources of further information and advice

    Chapter 5: Multi-criteria decision-making methods for the optimal location of construction and demolition waste (C&DW) recycling facilities

    Abstract:

    5.1 Introduction

    5.2 Decision-making tools: site selection

    5.3 Multi-Criteria Analysis (MCA): an overview

    5.4 MCA-based methodology for site selection of construction and demolition waste (C&DW) recycling facilities

    5.5 A case study: Cantabria, northern Spain

    5.3 Geographical areas defined in the case study in Cantabria, northern Spain.

    5.6 Sensitivity analysis of the ranking of C&DW facility location alternatives to the criteria weightings with different MCA methods.

    5.7 I nfluence of uncertainty on the ranking of C&DW facility location alternatives with different MCA methods.

    5.6 Conclusions

    Acknowledgements

    Chapter 6: The economics of construction and demolition waste (C&DW) management facilities

    Abstract:

    6.1 Introduction

    6.2 Drivers and constraints for the development of the recycling sector

    6.3 Cost factors of construction and demolition waste (C&DW) recycling

    6.4 Cost factors of the end-of-waste criteria implementation

    6.5 Future trends

    6.6 Acknowledgement

    Part II: Processing and properties of recycled aggregates from construction and demolition waste

    Chapter 7: Conventional demolition versus deconstruction techniques in managing construction and demolition waste (CDW)

    Abstract:

    7.1 Introduction

    7.2 Technological aspects of demolition

    7.3 Technological aspects of deconstruction

    7.4 Demolition versus deconstruction: economic analysis

    7.5 Demolition versus deconstruction: environmental analysis

    7.6 Conclusions

    7.7 Future trends

    Chapter 8: Demolition techniques and production of construction and demolition waste (CDW) for recycling

    Abstract:

    8.1 Introduction

    8.2 End-of-life scenarios for buildings

    8.3 Planning demolition

    8.4 Demolition technologies

    8.5 Top-down and other demolition methods

    8.6 Types and handling of demolition waste

    8.7 Conclusions

    Chapter 9: Preparation of concrete aggregates from construction and demolition waste (CDW)

    Abstract:

    9.1 Introduction

    9.2 Technological aspects of concrete recycling

    9.3 Uses of recycled construction and demolition waste (CDW) materials

    9.4 Economic aspects of recycled aggregate for concrete

    9.5 Environmental aspects of recycled aggregate for concrete

    9.6 Conclusions and future trends

    Chapter 10: Separation processes to improve the quality of recycled concrete aggregates (RCA)

    Abstract:

    10.1 Introduction

    10.2 Recycled concrete aggregates (RCA): properties and mortar content

    10.3 Beneficiation of RCAs: innovative methods

    10.4 Effects of RCA beneficiation on the mechanical properties of recycled aggregate concrete (RAC)

    10.5 Economic and environmental assessment of RCA beneficiation

    Chapter 11: Quality control of recycled aggregates (RAs) from construction and demolition waste (CDW)

    Abstract:

    11.1 Introduction

    11.2 Composition and classification of recycled aggregates (RAs)

    11.3 Quality criteria for the use of RAs

    11.4 Guidelines for measuring quality parameters of RAs

    11.5 Parameters affecting compliance with quality criteria

    11.6 Conclusions

    Chapter 12: Properties of concrete with recycled aggregates

    Abstract:

    12.1 Introduction

    12.2 Properties of fresh concrete using recycled aggregates

    12.3 Properties of hardened concrete using recycled aggregates

    12.4 Summary: using recycled aggregates successfully in concrete

    Chapter 13: Strength and durability of concrete using recycled aggregates (RAs)

    Abstract:

    13.1 Introduction: using recycled aggregates (RAs) in concrete

    13.2 Factors affecting the durability of concrete

    13.3 Strength and durability of concrete using RAs

    13.4 Conclusions

    Part III: Applications of recycled aggregates from construction and demolition waste

    Chapter 14: Recycled aggregates (RAs) for roads

    Abstract:

    14.1 Introduction

    14.2 Physico-mechanical characterisation of recycled aggregates (RAs) for roads

    14.3 Chemical characterisation of RAs for road construction

    14.4 RAs from construction and demolition waste (CDW) in pavement sections

    14.5 Assessing the use of RAs in practice

    14.6 Environmental performance

    14.7 Conclusions and future trends

    Chapter 15: Recycled aggregates (RAs) for asphalt materials

    Abstract

    15.1 Introduction

    15.2 Volumetric properties

    15.3 Rutting

    15.4 Stiffness

    15.5 Fatigue

    15.6 Stripping and durability

    15.7 Conclusions

    15.8 Acknowledgements

    Chapter 16: Recycled asphalt (RA) for pavements

    Abstract:

    16.1 Introduction

    16.2 The recycling process for recycled asphalt (RA)

    16.3 Assessment of the properties of RA

    16.4 Designing a pavement mix containing RA

    16.5 Testing the mechanical properties of designed mixtures

    16.6 Future trends

    Chapter 17: The suitability of concrete using recycled aggregates (RAs) for high-performance concrete (HPC)

    Abstract:

    17.1 Introduction

    17.2 High performance concrete (HPC) with recycled aggregates (RAs): an overview

    17.3 Applications of HPC using RAs

    Chapter 18: Use of construction and demolition waste (CDW) for alkali-activated or geopolymer cements

    18.1 Introduction

    18.2 The development of alkali-activated or geopolymer cements

    18.3 Mechanisms of alkali activation and properties of alkali-activated cements

    18.4 Applications of alkali-activated or geopolymer cements

    18.5 Precursors for alkali-activated or geopolymer cements

    18.6 The development of alkali-activated or geopolymer cements based on construction and demolition waste

    18.7 Conclusions

    Part IV: Environmental issues affecting recycled aggregates from construction and demolition waste

    Chapter 19: Removing gypsum from construction and demolition waste (C&DW)

    Abstract

    19.1 Introduction

    19.2 Definition and utilization of gypsum

    19.3 The problem of contamination of construction and demolition waste (C&DW) by gypsum

    19.4 Current methods of removing gypsum from C&DW

    19.5 Minimum contamination levels for various uses of recovered aggregate

    19.6 Current research and future needs

    Chapter 20: Recycling asbestos-containing material (ACM) from construction and demolition waste (CDW)

    Abstract:

    20.1 Introduction

    20.2 Classification of asbestos minerals, health effects and use of asbestos as a building material

    20.3 The reclamation, disposal and recycling of asbestos-containing material (ACM)

    20.4 Recycling cement asbestos for the production of concrete

    20.5 Recycling cement asbestos in geopolymers

    20.6 Future trends

    Chapter 21: Remediation processes for wood treated with organic and/or inorganic preservatives

    Abstract:

    21.1 Introduction

    21.2 Physical remediation processes for treated wood wastes

    21.3 Bioremediation of treated wood wastes

    21.4 Chemical remediation processes for treated wood wastes

    21.5 Future trends

    Chapter 22: An effective approach to utilize recycled aggregates (RAs) from alkali-silica reaction (ASR) affected Portland cement concrete

    Abstract:

    22.1 Introduction

    22.2 Scope of the study

    22.3 Materials and test methods

    22.4 Results and discussion

    22.5 Field implications

    22.6 Recommendations

    Chapter 23: Life-cycle assessment (LCA) of concrete with recycled aggregates (RAs)

    Abstract:

    23.1 Introduction

    23.2 Properties of concrete with recycled concrete aggregates (RCA)

    23.3 Life-cycle assessment (LCA) of concrete: allocation issues

    23.4 A case study: LCA of recycled aggregate concrete (RAC) production compared to natural aggregate concrete (NAC) production

    23.5 LCA of low-grade applications of RCA

    23.6 LCA of waste management systems

    23.7 Conclusions and future trends

    23.8 Acknowledgement

    Chapter 24: Assessing the potential environmental hazards of concrete made using recycled aggregates (RAs)

    Abstract:

    24.1 Introduction

    24.2 Methods for assessing the potential hazard of construction materials and wastes

    24.3 Pollutant emissions from concrete materials

    24.4 Recycled aggregates (RAs): properties and intrinsic potential hazards

    24.5 Concrete materials containing RAs: properties and potential hazards

    24.6 Conclusions

    Index

Product details

  • No. of pages: 672
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Woodhead Publishing 2013
  • Published: September 30, 2013
  • Imprint: Woodhead Publishing
  • Hardcover ISBN: 9780857096821
  • eBook ISBN: 9780857096906
  • About the Editors

    Fernando Pacheco-Torgal

    F. Pacheco-Torgal is a Principal Investigator at the University of Minho, Portugal. He holds the title Counsellor from the Portuguese Engineers Association. He has authored more than 300 publications, 119 in Scopus and 107 in Web of Science-WoS. His publications have been viewed or downloaded almost 500,000 times. He currently holds the record for the highest Platinum SCI h-index and the highest K-index in the field of Civil Engineering in Portugal. He is in the Top 10 Platinum SCI h-index in the world for the field of construction and building materials. He is a member of the editorial board for 9 international journals, 5 referenced on Web of Science and two referenced on Scopus. He currently holds the record for the highest ratio (papers handled as editor/year) in the field of Civil Engineering in Portugal. He has acted as a Foreign Expert in the evaluation of 18 PhD thesis. In the last 10 years he has been a Member of the Scientific Committee for almost 60 conferences most of them in Asian countries. He is also a grant assessor for several scientific institutions in 13 countries, UK, US, Netherlands, China, France, Australia, Kazakhstan, Belgium, Spain, Czech Republic, Saudi Arabia, UA. Emirates, Poland and, the EU Commission. He has also been an invited reviewer for 125 international journals and has reviewed almost 1000 papers. His review record places him at the Top 0.1% between 2 million reviewers registered in Publons. He currently ranks second place between more than 10.000 reviewers in civil engineering. He has been leading editor of 22 international books published by Woodhead Publishing, Elsevier and Springer, 10 being on the Master Book List of Web of Science. He currently holds the record for having the highest number of books indexed in WoS in the field of Civil Engineering in Portugal. Two of those books are the Scopus most cited ever in the field of Civil Engineering in Portugal.

    Affiliations and Expertise

    Principal Investigator, University of Minho, Braga, Portugal

    Yining Ding

    Yining Ding is Professor in the Institute of Structural Engineering at Dalian University of Technology, China. He has published over 100 papers in three languages.

    Affiliations and Expertise

    Dalian University of Technology, China