Handbook of Radioactivity Analysis

1st Edition

Editors: Michael L'Annunziata
Hardcover ISBN: 9780124362550
eBook ISBN: 9780323137881
Imprint: Academic Press
Published Date: 3rd August 1998
Page Count: 771
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Handbook of Radioactivity Analysis is written by experts in the measurement of radioactivity. The book describes the broad scope of analytical methods available and instructs the reader on how to select the proper technique. It is intended as a practical manual for research which requires the accurate measurement of radioactivity at all levels, from the low levels encountered in the environment to the high levels measured in radioisotope research. This book contains sample preparation procedures, recommendations on steps to follow, necessary calculations, computer controlled analysis, and high sample throughput techniques. Each chapter includes practical techniques for application to nuclear safety, nuclear safeguards, environmental analysis, weapons disarmament, and assays required for research in biomedicine and agriculture. The fundamentals of radioactivity properties, radionuclide decay, and methods of detection are included to provide the basis for a thorough understanding of the analytical procedures described in the book. Therefore, the Handbook can also be used as a teaching text.

Key Features

@introbul:Key Features @bul:* Includes sample preparation techniques for matrices such as soil, air, plant, water, animal tissue, and surface swipes

  • Provides procedures and guidelines for the analysis of commonly encountered na


All researchers and professionals concerned with the analysis of radionucleotides

Table of Contents

Acronyms, Abbreviations, and Symbols. Foreword. Preface. M.F. L'Annunziata,<$> Nuclear Radiation, Its Interaction with Matter and Radioisotope Decay.<$> Introduction. Particulate Radiation. Electromagnetic Radiation. Interaction of High-energy Electromagnetic Radiation with Matter. Radioisotope Decay. Radioactivity Units and Radionuclide Mass. References. K. Buchtela,<$> Gas Ionization Detectors.<$> Introduction: Principles of Radiation Detection by Gas Ionization. Characterization of Gas Ionization Detectors. Definition of Operating Characteristics of Gas Ionization Detectors. Ion Chambers. Proportional Gas Ionization Detectors. Geiger-Mueller Counters. Special Types of Ionization Detectors. References. P. F. Fettweis and H. Schwenn,<$> Semiconductor Detectors.<$> Introduction. Ge-Detectors. The Si Detectors. Spectroscopic Analysis with Semiconductor Detectors. References. M.F. L'Annunziata and M.J. Kessler,<$> Radiotracer Liquid Scintillation Analysis.<$> Introduction. Basic Theory. Liquid Scintillation Counter or Analyzer (LSC or LSA). Quench in Liquid Scintillation Counting. Methods of Quench Correction in Liquid Scintillation Counting. Common Interferences in Liquid Scintillation Counting. Multiple Radionuclide Analysis. Radionuclide Standardization. Microplate Scintillation and Luminescence Counting. PERALS Spectrometry. Simultaneous a/b Analysis. Radionuclide Identification. Air Luminescence Counting. Liquid Scintillation Counter Performance. References. G.T. Cook, C.J. Passo, Jr., and B.D. Carter,<$> Environmental Liquid Scintillation Analysis.<$> Introduction. Low-level Liquid Scintillation Counting Theory. Alpha/Beta Discrimination. Analysis of Beta Emitting Radionuclides. Analysis of Alpha Emitting Radionuclides Using Conventional LS Spectrometers with Pulse Shape Discrimination. References. M.J. Kessler,<$> Statistical Computations in Counting.<$> Introduction. Statistics of Nuclear


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Academic Press
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About the Editor

Michael L'Annunziata

Michael F. L’Annunziata, Ph.D. appears with a detailed biography in the annual editions of Who’s Who in the World from 1987 to 2016 and Who’s Who in America from 2000 to 2016. He majored in chemistry with a BSc degree from St. Edward's University in 1965; and he was awarded MSc and PhD degrees from the University of Arizona, Tucson in 1967 and 1970, respectively, and an Honorary Teaching Degree from the Central University of Ecuador in 1978. His graduate thesis research in the 1960s, financed by the then U.S. Atomic Energy Commission directed by Nobel laureate Glenn T. Seaborg, dealt with the analysis of radioactive strontium-89 and strontium-90 in the environment and the remediation of soils contaminated with strontium-90 in the event of nuclear fallout. L’Annunziata was a member of the Board of Governors, International Science Programs at Uppsala University between 1988 and 1991. He was Head of Fellowships and Training at the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) in Vienna, Austria from 1987-1991 and has served as IAEA Expert on peaceful applications of nuclear energy for development to over 50 countries of the world from 1976 to 2007. His main research interests have been focused on the development of chemical and instrumental methods for the detection and measurement of radioactive nuclides in the environment and the application of radioactive tracers in biological research. L'Annunziata was first to demonstrate in 1971 the separation of strontium-90 from its daughter nuclide yttrium-90 by electrophoresis as a potential method for strontium-90 analysis (J. Chem. Educ. 48, 700-703). He was the first to postulate in 1970 and 1975 the soil microbial epimerization of myo-inositol to other inositol isomers as a source of inositol phosphate isomers in soils (University of Arizona, Ph.D. dissertation, 1970 (http://dissexpress.umi.com/dxweb/search.html) and SSSA Journal 30(2), 377-379) and to demonstrate in 1977, with the use of radioactive carbon-14, the soil micro

Affiliations and Expertise

Oceanside, CA, USA


@qu:The aim of the authors--to write a practical work that includes both principles and applications of modern radio analytical techniques--has been achieved. [Recommended to] upper-division undergraduates through professionals." @source:--CHOICE, January 1999 @qu:"This book, written by experienced specialists, covers the basic principles and, most importantly, the practical aspects of the radioanalytical methods that are in widespread use. ...The book not only serves as a reliable guide to the use of well-established methods, but also draws attention to recent developments, thus providing new and stimulating ideas for readers who may regard themselves as already knowledgeable in the field." @source:--ANGEWANDTE CHEMIE, November 1999 @qu:"...the information in the text is exquisitely presented and very readable... . Excellent applications to current research problems are given. There is also a good index and table of radioactive isotopes, the latter being very useful in such a book. The major strength of this book is its in-depth coverage of scintillation analysis and its prolific use of figures, diagrams, and tables." @source:--ANALYTICAL CHEMISTRY, June 1999 @qu:"This book is a practical handbook in line with the current trend of radiation measurement. The content is organized as follows. The 1st Chapter: Nuclear radiation, its interaction with matter and radioisotope decay; the 2nd Chapter: Gas ionization detectors (ion chambers, proportional detectors, GM counters); the 3rd Chapter: Semiconductor detectors; the 4th Chapter: Radiotracer liquid scintillation analysis; the 5th Chapter: Environmental liquid scintillation analysis; the 6th Chapter: Statistical computations in counting; the 7th Chapter: Sample preparation techniques for liquid scintillation analysis; the 8th Chapter: Cherenkov counting (by liquid scintillation analysis); the 9th Chapte