Handbook of Radioactivity Analysis

3rd Edition

Editors: Michael L'Annunziata
Hardcover ISBN: 9780123848734
eBook ISBN: 9780123848741
Imprint: Academic Press
Published Date: 16th August 2012
Page Count: 1418
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The updated and much expanded 3e of the Handbook of Radioactivity Analysis is an authoritative reference providing the principles, practical techniques, and procedures for the accurate measurement of radioactivity from the very low levels encountered in the environment to higher levels measured in radioisotope research, clinical laboratories, biological sciences, radionuclide standardization, nuclear medicine, nuclear power, and fuel cycle facilities and in the implementation of nuclear forensic analysis and nuclear safeguards. The book describes the basic principles of radiation detection and measurement and the preparation of samples from a wide variety of matrices, assists the investigator or technician in the selection and use of appropriate radiation detectors, and presents state-of-the-art methods of analysis. Fundamentals of radiation properties, radionuclide decay, the calculations involved, and methods of detection provide the basis for a thorough understanding of the analytical procedures. The Handbook of Radioactivity Analysis, 3e, is suitable as a teaching text for university and professional training courses.

Key Features

  • The only comprehensive reference that describes the principles of detection and practical applications of every type of radioactivity detector currently used. The new 3e is broader in scope, with revised and expanded chapters, new authors, and seven new chapters on Alpha Spectrometry, Radionuclide Standardization, Radioactive Aerosol Measurements, Environmental Radioactivity Monitoring, Marine Radioactivity Analysis, Nuclear Forensic Analysis and Analytical Techniques in Nuclear Safeguards
  • Discusses in detail the principles, theory and practice applied to all types of radiation detection and measurement, making it useful for both teaching and research


University students and laboratory researchers in the chemical and biological sciences. Scientists in research institutions in the pharmaceutical, chemical, and biological sciences. Nuclear power plants. Departments of Health Physics. Environment and waste management organzations. Atomic energy organizations.

Table of Contents


Acronyms, Abbreviations and Symbols


Foreword to the Third Edition


Preface to the Third Edition

Chapter 1. Radiation Physics and Radionuclide Decay

I Introduction

II Discovery and Early Characterization of Radioactivity

III Basic Units and Definitions

IV Properties of the Nucleus

V Naturally Occurring Radionuclides

VI Artificially Produced Radionuclides

VII Nuclear Reactions

VIII Particulate Radiation

IX Electromagnetic Radiation – Photons

X Interaction of Electromagnetic Radiation with Matter

XI Radioactive Nuclear Recoil

XII Cosmic Radiation

XIII Radiation Dose

XIV Stopping Power and Linear Energy Transfer

XV Radionuclide Decay, Ingrowth, and Equilibrium

XVI Radioactivity Units and Radionuclide Mass


Chapter 2. Radioactivity Counting Statistics

I Introduction

II Statistical Distributions

III Analysis of a Sample of Results

IV Statistical Inference

V Regression

VI Detection Limits

VII Metrology Applications


Relevant Statistical References Tables

Chapter 3. Gas Ionization Detectors

I Introduction: Principles of Radiation Detection by Gas Ionization

II Characterization of Gas Ionization Detectors

III Definition of Operating Characteristics of Gas Ionization Detectors

IV Ion Chambers

V Proportional Gas Ionization Detectors

VI Geiger–Müller Counters

VII Special Types of Ionization Detectors


Chapter 4. Solid-State Nuclear Track Detectors

Part 1 Elements

II Detector Materials and Classification of Solid-State Nuclear Track Detectors

III Recordable Particles with Solid-State Nuclear Track Detectors

IV Track Formation Mecha


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Academic Press
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About the Editor

Michael L'Annunziata

Michael F. L’Annunziata, Ph.D. appears with a detailed biography in the annual editions of Who’s Who in the World from 1987 to 2016 and Who’s Who in America from 2000 to 2016. He majored in chemistry with a BSc degree from St. Edward's University in 1965; and he was awarded MSc and PhD degrees from the University of Arizona, Tucson in 1967 and 1970, respectively, and an Honorary Teaching Degree from the Central University of Ecuador in 1978. His graduate thesis research in the 1960s, financed by the then U.S. Atomic Energy Commission directed by Nobel laureate Glenn T. Seaborg, dealt with the analysis of radioactive strontium-89 and strontium-90 in the environment and the remediation of soils contaminated with strontium-90 in the event of nuclear fallout. L’Annunziata was a member of the Board of Governors, International Science Programs at Uppsala University between 1988 and 1991. He was Head of Fellowships and Training at the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) in Vienna, Austria from 1987-1991 and has served as IAEA Expert on peaceful applications of nuclear energy for development to over 50 countries of the world from 1976 to 2007. His main research interests have been focused on the development of chemical and instrumental methods for the detection and measurement of radioactive nuclides in the environment and the application of radioactive tracers in biological research. L'Annunziata was first to demonstrate in 1971 the separation of strontium-90 from its daughter nuclide yttrium-90 by electrophoresis as a potential method for strontium-90 analysis (J. Chem. Educ. 48, 700-703). He was the first to postulate in 1970 and 1975 the soil microbial epimerization of myo-inositol to other inositol isomers as a source of inositol phosphate isomers in soils (University of Arizona, Ph.D. dissertation, 1970 (http://dissexpress.umi.com/dxweb/search.html) and SSSA Journal 30(2), 377-379) and to demonstrate in 1977, with the use of radioactive carbon-14, the soil micro

Affiliations and Expertise

Oceanside, CA, USA


"This mighty hardback of almost 1400 US letter-sized pages is the third edition of this handbook to appear, 24 years after the first edition. It has been enlarged by 7 chapters over its predecessor – now a total of 21 – and all the other chapters have been updated in what has surely become one of the standard reference works for those working in both academia and industry in detection, measurement and analysis in the area of radioactivity."--Synthesis 44 (2012)