Handbook of Process Integration (PI) - 1st Edition - ISBN: 9780857095930, 9780857097255

Handbook of Process Integration (PI)

1st Edition

Minimisation of Energy and Water Use, Waste and Emissions

Editors: Jiří Klemeš
Hardcover ISBN: 9780857095930
eBook ISBN: 9780857097255
Imprint: Woodhead Publishing
Published Date: 31st July 2013
Page Count: 1184
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Table of Contents

Contributor contact details

Woodhead Publishing Series in Energy

Foreword

Part I: Overview of Process Integration and Analysis

Chapter 1: Process Integration (PI): An Introduction

Abstract:

1.1 Introduction

1.2 A Short History of Process Integration (PI)

1.3 Current Centres of Expertise in PI

1.4 Sources of Further Information

Chapter 2: Basic Process Integration Terminology

Abstract:

2.1 Introduction

2.2 Process Integration Terms: The Importance of Context

2.3 Fundamental Process Integration Terms

2.4 Conventions: Symbols for Heaters and Coolers

2.6 Appendix: Nomenclature

Chapter 3: Process Design, Integration and Optimisation: Advantages, Challenges and Drivers

Abstract:

3.1 Introduction

3.2 Grassroots Design versus Retrofit Design

3.3 Process Integration

3.4 Integration versus Intensification

3.5 Process Integration Techniques

3.6 Optimisation of Integrated Processes

3.7 Controllability of Integrated Processes

3.8 Process Integration under Disturbances

Part II: Heat Integration

Chapter 4: Heat Integration: Targets and Heat Exchanger Network Design

Abstract:

4.1 Introduction

4.2 Stages in the Design of Heat Recovery Systems

4.3 Data Extraction

4.4 Performance Targets

4.5 Process Modifications

4.6 Network Design

4.7 Design Evolution

4.8 Conclusion

4.9 Sources of Further Information

Chapter 5: Application of Process Integration to the Synthesis of Heat and Power Utility Systems Including Combined Heat and Power (CHP) and Industrial Heat Pumps

Abstract:

5.1 Introduction

5.2 Targeting Utility Loads and Temperature Levels

5.3 Integration of Advanced Energy Conversion Cycles as Process Utilities: Basic Concepts

5.4 Process Integration of Heat Engines

5.5 Process Integration of Heat Pumps

5.6 Sources of Further Information and Advice

Chapter 6: Total Site Methodology

Abstract:

6.1 Introduction

6.2 Data Extraction for Total Sites

6.3 Total Site Profiles and Total Site Composite Curves

6.4 Site Utility Grand Composite Curve (SUGCC)

6.5 Conclusion

6.6 Sources of Further Information

Chapter 7: Extending Total Site Methodology to Address Varying Energy Supply and Demand

Abstract:

7.1 Introduction

7.2 Characteristics of Energy Supply and Demand

7.3 Thermal Energy Storage and Integrated Architecture

7.4 Terminology for Process Streams and Utilities

7.5 Identification of Time Slices

7.6 Heat Cascades for the Evaluation of Total Site Targets When There Is Variation in Supply and Demand

7.7 Case Study: Integration of Solar Thermal Energy into a Locally Integrated Energy Sector (LIES)

7.8 Conclusion

7.9 Sources of Further Information

7.11 Appendix: Nomenclature

Chapter 8: Analysis and Design of Heat Recovery Systems for Grassroots and Retrofit Situations

Abstract:

8.1 Introduction

8.2 Extended Procedures for Grassroots Analysis

8.3 Extended Procedures for Grassroots Design

8.4 Retrofit Analysis and Design

8.5 Use of Optimisation for Heat Exchanger Network Synthesis

8.6 Conclusion

8.7 Sources of Further Information

Chapter 9: Heat Integration in Batch Processes

Abstract:

9.1 Introduction

9.2 Graphical Technique for Heat Integration in Batch Process

9.3 Mathematical Technique for Heat Integration of Batch Plants

9.4 Case Study of a Multipurpose Batch Facility

9.5 Industrial Case Study

9.6 Conclusion

9.7 Sources of Further Information

9.9 Appendix: Glover Transformation (Glover, 1975)

Part III: Mass Integration

Chapter 10: Water Pinch Analysis for Water Management and Minimisation: An Introduction

Abstract:

10.1 Approaches for Water Management and Minimisation

10.2 Water Integration and Water Pinch Analysis

10.3 Water Pinch Analysis Steps

10.4 Examples of Successful Case Studies

10.7 Appendix: Nomenclature

Chapter 11: Using Systematic Design Methods to Minimise Water Use in Process Industries

Abstract:

11.1 Introduction

11.2 Water Use in Process Industries

11.3 Process Integration for Water Systems

11.4 Conclusions and Future Trends

11.5 Sources of Further Information

Chapter 12: Synthesis of Water Networks with Water Loss and Gain via an Extended Pinch Analysis Technique

Abstract:

12.1 Introduction

12.2 Targeting a Single Water-Using Process

12.3 Process-based Graphical Approach (PGA) for Synthesis of Direct Reuse Water Networks

12.4 Conclusion

12.5 Sources of Further Information and Advice

12.6 Acknowledgements

12.8 Appendix: Nomenclature

Chapter 13: Conserving Material Resources through Process Integration: Material Conservation Networks

Abstract:

13.1 Introduction

13.2 Overall Targeting of Material Conservation Networks

13.3 Mass Exchange Networks

13.4 Water-Pinch Analysis

13.5 Direct Recycle and Material Recycle Pinch Diagram

13.6 Property-Based Material Recycle Pinch Diagram

13.8 Appendix: Nomenclature

Part IV: Extended Process Integration

Chapter 14: Process Integration for Cleaner Process Design

Abstract:

14.1 Introduction

14.2 A Revised ‘Onion Diagram’

14.3 Different Models for Total Material Network (TMN)

14.4 Case Study: Water Minimisation in a Water Fabrication Plant

14.5 Conclusion

14.6 Sources of Further Information

14.8 Appendix: Nomenclature

Chapter 15: Process Integration Concepts for Combined Energy and Water Integration

Abstract:

15.1 Introduction

15.2 Water–Energy Specifics and Challenges

15.3 Water Path Concept

15.4 State-of-the-Art Methodology for Combined Energy and Water Integration

15.5 Sequential, Simultaneous, Mathematical Programming

15.6 Conclusion

15.7 Sources of Further Information

Chapter 16: Process Integration Techniques for Cogeneration and Trigeneration Systems

Abstract:

16.1 Introduction

16.2 Combined Heat and Power

16.3 Heat Integration of Trigeneration Systems

16.4 Conclusions

16.5 Sources of Further Information

16.7 Appendix: Nomenclature

Chapter 17: Pinch Analysis for Sustainable Energy Planning Using Diverse Quality Measures

Abstract:

17.1 Introduction

17.2 Generalised Problem Statement

17.3 Graphical Targeting Procedure

17.4 Case Studies

17.5 Conclusion

17.6 Sources of Further Information

17.8 Appendix

Chapter 18: A Unified Targeting Algorithm for Diverse Process Integration Problems

Abstract:

18.1 Introduction to Targeting Algorithms

18.2 Unified Approach to Diverse Resource Optimisation Problems

18.3 Basis for Unification

18.4 Unified Targeting Algorithm (UTA)

18.5 Heat Exchange Networks (HENs) and Mass Exchange Networks (MENs)

18.6 Water Networks: Case Study of a Specialty Chemical Plant

18.7 Hydrogen and Other Gas Networks

18.8 Property-Based Material Reuse Networks

18.9 Alternative Approaches to Targeting

18.10 Conclusion

18.11 Sources of Further Information

18.13 Appendix: Nomenclature

Chapter 19: A Process Integration Approach for Supply Chain Development

Abstract:

19.1 Introduction

19.2 Supply Chain Characteristics and Performance Measurement

19.3 Supply Chain Development with Process Integration

19.4 Case Studies

19.5 Future Trends

19.6 Sources of Further Information

Chapter 20: Application of Heat Recovery Loops to Semi-continuous Processes for Process Integration

Abstract:

20.1 Introduction

20.2 Indirect Heat Recovery Systems

20.3 Application of Heat Recovery Loops to Semi-continuous Plants

20.4 A More Complex Example of a Heat Recovery Loop (HRL)

20.5 Case Study: Semi-continuous Multi-plant Dairy Factory

20.6 Conclusions and Future Trends

20.7 Sources of Further Information

Part V: Applications and Case Studies

Chapter 21: Applications of Energy and Water Process Integration Methodologies in Oil Refineries and Petrochemical Complexes

Abstract:

21.1 Introduction

21.2 Heat and Power Integration

21.3 Water and Wastewater Minimisation

Results and Discussion

Results and Discussion

21.4 Effluent Treatment and Regeneration

Results and Discussion

Results and Discussion

21.5 Conclusion

Chapter 22: Process Integration of an Oil Refinery Hydrogen Network

Abstract:

22.1 Introduction

22.2 Technology Review

22.3 An Industrial Case Study

22.4 Hydrogen Management in the Wider Context of Process Integration: Future Trends

22.5 Conclusion

22.6 Sources of Further Information

Chapter 23: Retrofit Mass Integration of Acid Gas Removal Systems in Petrochemical Plants

Abstract:

23.1 Introduction

23.2 Review of Previous Work on Mass Exchanger Network Synthesis (MENS) and Retrofit of Existing Systems

23.3 Systems Studied: Venturi Scrubber System and Ethanolamine Absorber System

23.4 Pinch Approach

23.5 Hybrid Approach

23.6 Solution Equilibria

23.7 Results and Discussion

23.8 Conclusions and Sources of Further Information

Chapter 24: Applications of Pinch Technology to Total Sites: A Heavy Chemical Industrial Complex and a Steel Plant

Abstract:

24.1 Introduction

24.2 Case Study of a Heavy Chemical Complex

24.3 Case Study of a Steel Plant

24.4 Conclusion

24.5 Sources of Further Information

24.6 Acknowledgements

Chapter 25: Applications of Process Integration Methodologies in the Pulp and Paper Industry

Abstract:

25.1 Introduction

25.2 Energy Demands and Sources in the Kraft Pulping Process

25.3 Relations between the Heat Exchanger and Water Networks

25.4 Increasing Energy Efficiency in Existing Mills

25.5 Methodological Developments for Heat Integration in Existing Mills

25.6 Evolution of Pulp and Paper Mills

25.7 Conclusion

25.8 Sources of Further Information

Chapter 26: Application of Process Integration Methodologies to the Thermal Processing of Waste

Abstract:

26.1 Introduction

26.2 Types of Waste Thermal Processing Plants

26.3 Analysis of Energy Efficiency in the TERMIZO Plant

26.4 Application of Heat Integration Technology

26.5 Conclusion

26.6 Sources of Further Information and Advice

Chapter 27: Application of Process Integration Methodologies in the Brewing Industry

Abstract:

27.1 Introduction

27.2 Process Flowsheet Analysis

27.3 Calculating Maximum Heat Recovery in the System

27.4 Defining the Energy Conversion System

27.5 Conclusion

27.6 Sources of Further Information

27.8 Appendix A: Complementary Tables

27.9 Appendix B: Nomenclature

Chapter 28: Applications of Process Integration Methodologies in Dairy and Cheese Production

Abstract:

28.1 Introduction

28.2 Application of Process Integration Methodologies

28.3 Selected Case Studies

28.4 Future Trends

28.5 Sources of Further Information

Chapter 29: Applications of Process Integration Methodologies in Beet Sugar Plants

Abstract:

29.1 Introduction

29.2 Sugar Production from Sugar Beet

29.3 Identification of Opportunities to Improve Energy and Water Use in Sugar Plants

29.4 Reduction of Energy Consumption

29.5 Reduction of Water Consumption

29.6 Energy and Water Use in Sugar Production Directly from Raw Beet Juice

29.7 Future Trends

29.8 Sources of Further Information and Advice

Chapter 30: Application of Process Integration Techniques for the Efficient Use of Energy in a Urea Fertiliser Plant: A Case Study

Abstract:

30.1 Introduction

30.2 Process Description

30.3 Opportunities for the Reduction of Energy Consumption

30.4 Conclusion

30.5 Sources of Further Information

30.7 Appendix: Nomenclature

Chapter 31: Process Integration for Energy Saving in Buildings and Building Complexes

Abstract:

31.1 Introduction

31.2 Buildings as Consumers and Producers of Energy

31.3 Commercial and Public Buildings and Building Complexes

31.4 District Energy (DE) Systems and Total Site Analysis (TSA)

31.5 The Use of Industrial Waste Heat

31.6 Renewable Energy for Buildings

31.7 Conclusion

31.8 Sources of Further Information and Advice

Chapter 32: Heat Transfer Enhancement in Heat Exchanger Networks

Abstract:

32.1 Introduction to Shell-and-Tube Heat Exchangers

32.2 Heat Transfer Enhancement Techniques

32.3 Heat Transfer Enhancement in Heat Exchanger Network Retrofit

32.4 Heat Transfer Enhancement in Heat Exchanger Network Retrofit with Fouling Consideration

32.5 Sources of Further Information

32.6 Nomenclature

Chapter 33: Applications of Pinch Analysis in the Design of Isolated Energy Systems

Abstract:

33.1 Introduction

33.2 Isolated Energy Systems: Descriptions and Models

33.3 Grand Composite Curve and Storage Sizing

33.4 Design Space

33.5 Illustrative Applications

33.6 Sources of Further Information and Advice

Part VI: Software Tools and Epilogue

Chapter 34: Software Tools for Heat Integration

Abstract:

34.1 Heat Integration Software Tools

34.2 Sources of Further Information and Advice

Chapter 35: Mass and Water Integration Software Tools

Abstract:

35.1 Mass and Water Integration Software Tools

35.2 Sources of Further Information and Advice

Chapter 36: Epilogue: The Importance of Problem Formulation and Data Extraction in Process Integration

Abstract:

36.1 Introduction: Process Integration – from its Roots to its Present Strong Position

36.2 Successful Applications of Process Integration

36.3 Methods of Obtaining Credible High Integration HI Solutions

36.4 Data Extraction

36.5 Integration of Renewables – Fluctuating Demand and Supply

36.6 Results Interpretation

36.7 Conclusion: Making It Happen

36.8 Sources of Further Information

36.9 Acknowledgements

Index


Description

Contributor contact details

Woodhead Publishing Series in Energy

Foreword

Part I: Overview of Process Integration and Analysis

Chapter 1: Process Integration (PI): An Introduction

Abstract:

1.1 Introduction

1.2 A Short History of Process Integration (PI)

1.3 Current Centres of Expertise in PI

1.4 Sources of Further Information

Chapter 2: Basic Process Integration Terminology

Abstract:

2.1 Introduction

2.2 Process Integration Terms: The Importance of Context

2.3 Fundamental Process Integration Terms

2.4 Conventions: Symbols for Heaters and Coolers

2.6 Appendix: Nomenclature

Chapter 3: Process Design, Integration and Optimisation: Advantages, Challenges and Drivers

Abstract:

3.1 Introduction

3.2 Grassroots Design versus Retrofit Design

3.3 Process Integration

3.4 Integration versus Intensification

3.5 Process Integration Techniques

3.6 Optimisation of Integrated Processes

3.7 Controllability of Integrated Processes

3.8 Process Integration under Disturbances

Part II: Heat Integration

Chapter 4: Heat Integration: Targets and Heat Exchanger Network Design

Abstract:

4.1 Introduction

4.2 Stages in the Design of Heat Recovery Systems

4.3 Data Extraction

4.4 Performance Targets

4.5 Process Modifications

4.6 Network Design

4.7 Design Evolution

4.8 Conclusion

4.9 Sources of Further Information

Chapter 5: Application of Process Integration to the Synthesis of Heat and Power Utility Systems Including Combined Heat and Power (CHP) and Industrial Heat Pumps

Abstract:

5.1 Introduction

5.2 Targeting Utility Loads and Temperature Levels

5.3 Integration of Advanced Energy Conversion Cycles as Process Utilities: Basic Concepts

5.4 Process Integration of Heat Engines

5.5 Process Integration of Heat Pumps

5.6 Sources of Further Information and Advice

Chapter 6: Total Site Methodology

Abstract:

6.1 Introduction

6.2 Data Extraction for Total Sites

6.3 Total Site Profiles and Total Site Composite Curves

6.4 Site Utility Grand Composite Curve (SUGCC)

6.5 Conclusion

6.6 Sources of Further Information

Chapter 7: Extending Total Site Methodology to Address Varying Energy Supply and Demand

Abstract:

7.1 Introduction

7.2 Characteristics of Energy Supply and Demand

7.3 Thermal Energy Storage and Integrated Architecture

7.4 Terminology for Process Streams and Utilities

7.5 Identification of Time Slices

7.6 Heat Cascades for the Evaluation of Total Site Targets When There Is Variation in Supply and Demand

7.7 Case Study: Integration of Solar Thermal Energy into a Locally Integrated Energy Sector (LIES)

7.8 Conclusion

7.9 Sources of Further Information

7.11 Appendix: Nomenclature

Chapter 8: Analysis and Design of Heat Recovery Systems for Grassroots and Retrofit Situations

Abstract:

8.1 Introduction

8.2 Extended Procedures for Grassroots Analysis

8.3 Extended Procedures for Grassroots Design

8.4 Retrofit Analysis and Design

8.5 Use of Optimisation for Heat Exchanger Network Synthesis

8.6 Conclusion

8.7 Sources of Further Information

Chapter 9: Heat Integration in Batch Processes

Abstract:

9.1 Introduction

9.2 Graphical Technique for Heat Integration in Batch Process

9.3 Mathematical Technique for Heat Integration of Batch Plants

9.4 Case Study of a Multipurpose Batch Facility

9.5 Industrial Case Study

9.6 Conclusion

9.7 Sources of Further Information

9.9 Appendix: Glover Transformation (Glover, 1975)

Part III: Mass Integration

Chapter 10: Water Pinch Analysis for Water Management and Minimisation: An Introduction

Abstract:

10.1 Approaches for Water Management and Minimisation

10.2 Water Integration and Water Pinch Analysis

10.3 Water Pinch Analysis Steps

10.4 Examples of Successful Case Studies

10.7 Appendix: Nomenclature

Chapter 11: Using Systematic Design Methods to Minimise Water Use in Process Industries

Abstract:

11.1 Introduction

11.2 Water Use in Process Industries

11.3 Process Integration for Water Systems

11.4 Conclusions and Future Trends

11.5 Sources of Further Information

Chapter 12: Synthesis of Water Networks with Water Loss and Gain via an Extended Pinch Analysis Technique

Abstract:

12.1 Introduction

12.2 Targeting a Single Water-Using Process

12.3 Process-based Graphical Approach (PGA) for Synthesis of Direct Reuse Water Networks

12.4 Conclusion

12.5 Sources of Further Information and Advice

12.6 Acknowledgements

12.8 Appendix: Nomenclature

Chapter 13: Conserving Material Resources through Process Integration: Material Conservation Networks

Abstract:

13.1 Introduction

13.2 Overall Targeting of Material Conservation Networks

13.3 Mass Exchange Networks

13.4 Water-Pinch Analysis

13.5 Direct Recycle and Material Recycle Pinch Diagram

13.6 Property-Based Material Recycle Pinch Diagram

13.8 Appendix: Nomenclature

Part IV: Extended Process Integration

Chapter 14: Process Integration for Cleaner Process Design

Abstract:

14.1 Introduction

14.2 A Revised ‘Onion Diagram’

14.3 Different Models for Total Material Network (TMN)

14.4 Case Study: Water Minimisation in a Water Fabrication Plant

14.5 Conclusion

14.6 Sources of Further Information

14.8 Appendix: Nomenclature

Chapter 15: Process Integration Concepts for Combined Energy and Water Integration

Abstract:

15.1 Introduction

15.2 Water–Energy Specifics and Challenges

15.3 Water Path Concept

15.4 State-of-the-Art Methodology for Combined Energy and Water Integration

15.5 Sequential, Simultaneous, Mathematical Programming

15.6 Conclusion

15.7 Sources of Further Information

Chapter 16: Process Integration Techniques for Cogeneration and Trigeneration Systems

Abstract:

16.1 Introduction

16.2 Combined Heat and Power

16.3 Heat Integration of Trigeneration Systems

16.4 Conclusions

16.5 Sources of Further Information

16.7 Appendix: Nomenclature

Chapter 17: Pinch Analysis for Sustainable Energy Planning Using Diverse Quality Measures

Abstract:

17.1 Introduction

17.2 Generalised Problem Statement

17.3 Graphical Targeting Procedure

17.4 Case Studies

17.5 Conclusion

17.6 Sources of Further Information

17.8 Appendix

Chapter 18: A Unified Targeting Algorithm for Diverse Process Integration Problems

Abstract:

18.1 Introduction to Targeting Algorithms

18.2 Unified Approach to Diverse Resource Optimisation Problems

18.3 Basis for Unification

18.4 Unified Targeting Algorithm (UTA)

18.5 Heat Exchange Networks (HENs) and Mass Exchange Networks (MENs)

18.6 Water Networks: Case Study of a Specialty Chemical Plant

18.7 Hydrogen and Other Gas Networks

18.8 Property-Based Material Reuse Networks

18.9 Alternative Approaches to Targeting

18.10 Conclusion

18.11 Sources of Further Information

18.13 Appendix: Nomenclature

Chapter 19: A Process Integration Approach for Supply Chain Development

Abstract:

19.1 Introduction

19.2 Supply Chain Characteristics and Performance Measurement

19.3 Supply Chain Development with Process Integration

19.4 Case Studies

19.5 Future Trends

19.6 Sources of Further Information

Chapter 20: Application of Heat Recovery Loops to Semi-continuous Processes for Process Integration

Abstract:

20.1 Introduction

20.2 Indirect Heat Recovery Systems

20.3 Application of Heat Recovery Loops to Semi-continuous Plants

20.4 A More Complex Example of a Heat Recovery Loop (HRL)

20.5 Case Study: Semi-continuous Multi-plant Dairy Factory

20.6 Conclusions and Future Trends

20.7 Sources of Further Information

Part V: Applications and Case Studies

Chapter 21: Applications of Energy and Water Process Integration Methodologies in Oil Refineries and Petrochemical Complexes

Abstract:

21.1 Introduction

21.2 Heat and Power Integration

21.3 Water and Wastewater Minimisation

Results and Discussion

Results and Discussion

21.4 Effluent Treatment and Regeneration

Results and Discussion

Results and Discussion

21.5 Conclusion

Chapter 22: Process Integration of an Oil Refinery Hydrogen Network

Abstract:

22.1 Introduction

22.2 Technology Review

22.3 An Industrial Case Study

22.4 Hydrogen Management in the Wider Context of Process Integration: Future Trends

22.5 Conclusion

22.6 Sources of Further Information

Chapter 23: Retrofit Mass Integration of Acid Gas Removal Systems in Petrochemical Plants

Abstract:

23.1 Introduction

23.2 Review of Previous Work on Mass Exchanger Network Synthesis (MENS) and Retrofit of Existing Systems

23.3 Systems Studied: Venturi Scrubber System and Ethanolamine Absorber System

23.4 Pinch Approach

23.5 Hybrid Approach

23.6 Solution Equilibria

23.7 Results and Discussion

23.8 Conclusions and Sources of Further Information

Chapter 24: Applications of Pinch Technology to Total Sites: A Heavy Chemical Industrial Complex and a Steel Plant

Abstract:

24.1 Introduction

24.2 Case Study of a Heavy Chemical Complex

24.3 Case Study of a Steel Plant

24.4 Conclusion

24.5 Sources of Further Information

24.6 Acknowledgements

Chapter 25: Applications of Process Integration Methodologies in the Pulp and Paper Industry

Abstract:

25.1 Introduction

25.2 Energy Demands and Sources in the Kraft Pulping Process

25.3 Relations between the Heat Exchanger and Water Networks

25.4 Increasing Energy Efficiency in Existing Mills

25.5 Methodological Developments for Heat Integration in Existing Mills

25.6 Evolution of Pulp and Paper Mills

25.7 Conclusion

25.8 Sources of Further Information

Chapter 26: Application of Process Integration Methodologies to the Thermal Processing of Waste

Abstract:

26.1 Introduction

26.2 Types of Waste Thermal Processing Plants

26.3 Analysis of Energy Efficiency in the TERMIZO Plant

26.4 Application of Heat Integration Technology

26.5 Conclusion

26.6 Sources of Further Information and Advice

Chapter 27: Application of Process Integration Methodologies in the Brewing Industry

Abstract:

27.1 Introduction

27.2 Process Flowsheet Analysis

27.3 Calculating Maximum Heat Recovery in the System

27.4 Defining the Energy Conversion System

27.5 Conclusion

27.6 Sources of Further Information

27.8 Appendix A: Complementary Tables

27.9 Appendix B: Nomenclature

Chapter 28: Applications of Process Integration Methodologies in Dairy and Cheese Production

Abstract:

28.1 Introduction

28.2 Application of Process Integration Methodologies

28.3 Selected Case Studies

28.4 Future Trends

28.5 Sources of Further Information

Chapter 29: Applications of Process Integration Methodologies in Beet Sugar Plants

Abstract:

29.1 Introduction

29.2 Sugar Production from Sugar Beet

29.3 Identification of Opportunities to Improve Energy and Water Use in Sugar Plants

29.4 Reduction of Energy Consumption

29.5 Reduction of Water Consumption

29.6 Energy and Water Use in Sugar Production Directly from Raw Beet Juice

29.7 Future Trends

29.8 Sources of Further Information and Advice

Chapter 30: Application of Process Integration Techniques for the Efficient Use of Energy in a Urea Fertiliser Plant: A Case Study

Abstract:

30.1 Introduction

30.2 Process Description

30.3 Opportunities for the Reduction of Energy Consumption

30.4 Conclusion

30.5 Sources of Further Information

30.7 Appendix: Nomenclature

Chapter 31: Process Integration for Energy Saving in Buildings and Building Complexes

Abstract:

31.1 Introduction

31.2 Buildings as Consumers and Producers of Energy

31.3 Commercial and Public Buildings and Building Complexes

31.4 District Energy (DE) Systems and Total Site Analysis (TSA)

31.5 The Use of Industrial Waste Heat

31.6 Renewable Energy for Buildings

31.7 Conclusion

31.8 Sources of Further Information and Advice

Chapter 32: Heat Transfer Enhancement in Heat Exchanger Networks

Abstract:

32.1 Introduction to Shell-and-Tube Heat Exchangers

32.2 Heat Transfer Enhancement Techniques

32.3 Heat Transfer Enhancement in Heat Exchanger Network Retrofit

32.4 Heat Transfer Enhancement in Heat Exchanger Network Retrofit with Fouling Consideration

32.5 Sources of Further Information

32.6 Nomenclature

Chapter 33: Applications of Pinch Analysis in the Design of Isolated Energy Systems

Abstract:

33.1 Introduction

33.2 Isolated Energy Systems: Descriptions and Models

33.3 Grand Composite Curve and Storage Sizing

33.4 Design Space

33.5 Illustrative Applications

33.6 Sources of Further Information and Advice

Part VI: Software Tools and Epilogue

Chapter 34: Software Tools for Heat Integration

Abstract:

34.1 Heat Integration Software Tools

34.2 Sources of Further Information and Advice

Chapter 35: Mass and Water Integration Software Tools

Abstract:

35.1 Mass and Water Integration Software Tools

35.2 Sources of Further Information and Advice

Chapter 36: Epilogue: The Importance of Problem Formulation and Data Extraction in Process Integration

Abstract:

36.1 Introduction: Process Integration – from its Roots to its Present Strong Position

36.2 Successful Applications of Process Integration

36.3 Methods of Obtaining Credible High Integration HI Solutions

36.4 Data Extraction

36.5 Integration of Renewables – Fluctuating Demand and Supply

36.6 Results Interpretation

36.7 Conclusion: Making It Happen

36.8 Sources of Further Information

36.9 Acknowledgements

Index

Key Features

  • This pioneering handbook provides a comprehensive and up-to-date guide to the latest process integration research and applications
  • Reviews a wide range of process design and integration topics ranging from heat and utility systems to water, recycling, waste and hydrogen systems
  • Chapters also address equipment design and operability issues, through to buildings and supply chains

Readership

Chemical and industrial process engineers and manufacturers; Energy and environmental consultants and managers


Details

No. of pages:
1184
Language:
English
Copyright:
© Woodhead Publishing 2013
Published:
Imprint:
Woodhead Publishing
eBook ISBN:
9780857097255
Hardcover ISBN:
9780857095930

Reviews

"The 34 chapters solicited for this dense volume describe the basic steps of pinch analysis for heat recovery that started the process integration movement, and review current methods for combining operations within several processes to reduce consumption of resources and harmful emissions...Topics include total site targeting, total material network, trigeneration systems, targeting algorithms, supply chain development, heat recovery loops, and software tools."--ProtoView.com, February 2014


About the Editors

Jiří Klemeš Editor

The Head of the Centre for Process Integration and Intensification at the University of Pannonia, Hungary; Chairperson of the CAPE Working Party of the European Federation of Chemical Engineering; The President of PRES and ESCAPE 24 Conference. The Subject Editor of the Journal of Cleaner Production (Elsevier), and Regional Editor of Applied Thermal Engineering (Elsevier) and Cleaner Technologies and Environmental Policy (Springer).

Affiliations and Expertise

University of Pannonia, Hungary