Handbook of Process Integration (PI)

1st Edition

Minimisation of Energy and Water Use, Waste and Emissions

Editors: Jiří Klemeš
Print ISBN: 9780857095930
eBook ISBN: 9780857097255
Imprint: Woodhead Publishing
Published Date: 31st July 2013
Page Count: 1184
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Since its first development in the 1970s, Process Integration (PI) has become an important methodology in achieving more energy efficient processes. This pioneering handbook brings together the leading scientists and researchers currently contributing to PI development, pooling their expertise and specialist knowledge to provide readers with a comprehensive and up-to-date guide to the latest PI research and applications.

After an introduction to the principles of PI, the book reviews a wide range of process design and integration topics ranging from heat and utility systems to water, recycling, waste and hydrogen systems. The book considers Heat Integration, Mass Integration and Extended PI as well as a series of applications and case studies. Chapters address not just operating and capital costs but also equipment design and operability issues, through to buildings and supply chains.

With its distinguished editor and international team of expert contributors, Handbook of Process Integration (PI) is a standard reference work for managers and researchers in all energy-intensive industries, as well as academics with an interest in them, including those designing and managing oil refineries, petrochemical and power plants, as well as paper/pulp, steel, waste, food and drink processors.

Key Features

  • This pioneering handbook provides a comprehensive and up-to-date guide to the latest process integration research and applications
  • Reviews a wide range of process design and integration topics ranging from heat and utility systems to water, recycling, waste and hydrogen systems
  • Chapters also address equipment design and operability issues, through to buildings and supply chains


Chemical and industrial process engineers and manufacturers; Energy and environmental consultants and managers

Table of Contents

Contributor contact details

Woodhead Publishing Series in Energy


Part I: Overview of Process Integration and Analysis

Chapter 1: Process Integration (PI): An Introduction


1.1 Introduction

1.2 A Short History of Process Integration (PI)

1.3 Current Centres of Expertise in PI

1.4 Sources of Further Information

Chapter 2: Basic Process Integration Terminology


2.1 Introduction

2.2 Process Integration Terms: The Importance of Context

2.3 Fundamental Process Integration Terms

2.4 Conventions: Symbols for Heaters and Coolers

2.6 Appendix: Nomenclature

Chapter 3: Process Design, Integration and Optimisation: Advantages, Challenges and Drivers


3.1 Introduction

3.2 Grassroots Design versus Retrofit Design

3.3 Process Integration

3.4 Integration versus Intensification

3.5 Process Integration Techniques

3.6 Optimisation of Integrated Processes

3.7 Controllability of Integrated Processes

3.8 Process Integration under Disturbances

Part II: Heat Integration

Chapter 4: Heat Integration: Targets and Heat Exchanger Network Design


4.1 Introduction

4.2 Stages in the Design of Heat Recovery Systems

4.3 Data Extraction

4.4 Performance Targets

4.5 Process Modifications

4.6 Network Design

4.7 Design Evolution

4.8 Conclusion

4.9 Sources of Further Information

Chapter 5: Application of Process Integration to the Synthesis of Heat and Power Utility Systems Including Combined Heat and Power (CHP) and Industrial Heat Pumps


5.1 Introduction

5.2 Targeting Utility Loads and Temperature Levels

5.3 Integration of Advanced Energy Conversion Cycles as Process Utilities: Basic Concepts

5.4 Proc


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© Woodhead Publishing 2013
Woodhead Publishing
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About the Editor

Jiří Klemeš

The Head of the Centre for Process Integration and Intensification at the University of Pannonia, Hungary; Chairperson of the CAPE Working Party of the European Federation of Chemical Engineering; The President of PRES and ESCAPE 24 Conference. The Subject Editor of the Journal of Cleaner Production (Elsevier), and Regional Editor of Applied Thermal Engineering (Elsevier) and Cleaner Technologies and Environmental Policy (Springer).

Affiliations and Expertise

University of Pannonia, Hungary


"The 34 chapters solicited for this dense volume describe the basic steps of pinch analysis for heat recovery that started the process integration movement, and review current methods for combining operations within several processes to reduce consumption of resources and harmful emissions...Topics include total site targeting, total material network, trigeneration systems, targeting algorithms, supply chain development, heat recovery loops, and software tools."--ProtoView.com, February 2014