Handbook of Plasticizers

2nd Edition

Print ISBN: 9781895198508
eBook ISBN: 9781455730025
Imprint: ChemTec Publishing
Published Date: 15th August 2012
Page Count: 800
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This book contains comprehensive review of information available in open literature, such as published scientific papers, information from plasticizer manufacturers, and patent literature. The book contains information from the most recent sources and updated information from the previous edition.

The information available today permits to use plasticizers more effectively and to avoid certain plasticizers in applications where they may cause health or material durability problems. Plasticizer incorporation demands a broad background of information because plasticizers are now added to complex mixtures containing variety of materials which may have different reactions to the presence of plasticizers. Plasticizer's choice is also not simple because there is a large selection of commercial plasticizers and various environmental issues dictating preferred solutions.

Both aspects considered indicate the need for comprehensive source which, using currently available means of computerized database should provide data and a broad background of theoretical information in condensed form easy to search.

All numerical data are in the form of database (see information on Plasticizer Database which is a separate publication), whereas the theoretical component of information is given in the traditional form of a printed book.

Twenty one chapters are included in Handbook of Plasticizers. Full Table of Contents is also available for review. Only some chapters are discussed here to add more information which may not be obvious from the table of contents.

Data are available for large number of commercial plasticizers. This data is used in Chapter 2 to specify typical properties of plasticizers which belong to one of the groups and also to give ranges of expected properties for a given group.

Chapters 5, 6 and 7 contain new and historical approaches, which explain mechanisms of plasticizers action and their behavior in plasticized

Table of Contents

1 Introduction
1.1 Historical developments
1.2 Expectations from plasticizers
1.3 Definitions
1.4 Classification

2 Plasticizer Types
2.1 Introduction
2.2 Characteristic properties of industrial plasticizers
2.2.1 Abietates
2.2.2 Adipates
2.2.3 Alkyl sulfonates
2.2.4 Azelates
2.2.5 Benzoates
2.2.6 Chlorinated paraffins
2.2.7 Citrates
2.2.8 Energetic plasticizers
2.2.9 Epoxides
2.2.10 Glycol ethers and their esters
2.2.11 Glutarates
2.2.12 Hydrocarbon oils
2.2.13 Isobutyrates
2.2.14 Oleates
2.2.15 Pentaerythritol derivatives
2.2.16 Phosphates
2.2.17 Phthalates
2.2.18 Polymeric plasticizers Esters Polybutenes
2.2.19 Ricinoleates
2.2.20 Sebacates
2.2.21 Sulfonamides
2.2.22 Superplasticizers and plasticizers for concrete
2.2.23 Tri- and pyromellitates
2.2.24 Other plasticizers Biphenyl derivatives Calcium stearate Carbon dioxide Difuran diesters Fluorine-containing plasticizers Hydroxybenzoic acid esters Isocyanate adducts Multi-ring aromatic compounds Natural product derivatives Nitriles Siloxane-based plasticizers Tar-based products Thioeters Blends
2.3 Methods of synthesis and their effect on properties of plasticizers
2.4 Reactive plasticizers and internal plasticization

3 Methods of Quality Control of Plasticizers
3.1 Abbreviations, terminology, and vocabulary
3.2 Acid number
3.3 Aging studies
3.4 Ash
3.5 Brittleness temperature
3.6 Brookfield viscosity
3.7 Chemical resistance
3.8 Color
3.9 Compatibility
3.10 Compression set
3.11 Concrete additives
3.12 Electrical properties
3.13 Extractable matter
3.14 Flash and fire point
3.15 Fogging


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© ChemTec Publishing 2012
ChemTec Publishing
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