Table of Contents

1 Introduction
1.1 Historical developments
1.2 Expectations from plasticizers
1.3 Definitions
1.4 Classification
References

2 Plasticizer Types
2.1 Introduction
2.2 Characteristic properties of industrial plasticizers
2.2.1 Abietates
2.2.2 Adipates
2.2.3 Alkyl sulfonates
2.2.4 Azelates
2.2.5 Benzoates
2.2.6 Chlorinated paraffins
2.2.7 Citrates
2.2.8 Energetic plasticizers
2.2.9 Epoxides
2.2.10 Glycol ethers and their esters
2.2.11 Glutarates
2.2.12 Hydrocarbon oils
2.2.13 Isobutyrates
2.2.14 Oleates
2.2.15 Pentaerythritol derivatives
2.2.16 Phosphates
2.2.17 Phthalates
2.2.18 Polymeric plasticizers
2.2.18.1 Esters
2.2.18.2 Polybutenes
2.2.19 Ricinoleates
2.2.20 Sebacates
2.2.21 Sulfonamides
2.2.22 Superplasticizers and plasticizers for concrete
2.2.23 Tri- and pyromellitates
2.2.24 Other plasticizers
2.2.24.1 Biphenyl derivatives
2.2.24.2 Calcium stearate
2.2.24.3 Carbon dioxide
2.2.24.4 Difuran diesters
2.2.24.5 Fluorine-containing plasticizers
2.2.24.6 Hydroxybenzoic acid esters
2.2.24.7 Isocyanate adducts
2.2.24.8 Multi-ring aromatic compounds
2.2.24.9 Natural product derivatives
2.2.24.10 Nitriles
2.2.24.11 Siloxane-based plasticizers
2.2.24.12 Tar-based products
2.2.24.13 Thioeters
2.2.24.14 Blends
2.3 Methods of synthesis and their effect on properties of plasticizers
2.4 Reactive plasticizers and internal plasticization
References


3 Methods of Quality Control of Plasticizers
3.1 Abbreviations, terminology, and vocabulary
3.2 Acid number
3.3 Aging studies
3.4 Ash
3.5 Brittleness temperature
3.6 Brookfield viscosity
3.7 Chemical resistance
3.8 Color
3.9 Compatibility
3.10 Compression set
3.11 Concrete additives
3.12 Electrical properties
3.13 Extractable matter
3.14 Flash and fire point
3.15 Fogging
3

Details

No. of pages:
800
Language:
English
Copyright:
© 2012
Published:
Imprint:
ChemTec Publishing
Electronic ISBN:
9781455730025
Print ISBN:
9781895198508

About the author

George Wypych

George Wypych has a Ph.D. in chemical engineering. His professional expertise includes both university teaching (full professor) and research and development. He has published 18 books, 47 scientific papers, and he has obtained 16 patents. He specializes in polymer additives, polymer processing and formulation, material durability and the development of sealants and coatings.