Handbook of Odors in Plastic Materials - 2nd Edition - ISBN: 9781895198980, 9781927885178

Handbook of Odors in Plastic Materials

2nd Edition

Authors: George Wypych
eBook ISBN: 9781927885178
Hardcover ISBN: 9781895198980
Imprint: ChemTec Publishing
Published Date: 21st February 2017
Page Count: 260
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Description

Handbook of Odors in Plastic Materials, Second Edition, analyzes the reasons behind unwanted odor formation and the methods for preventing it. The book covers the fundamentals of odor formation and its transport within a material, the relationship between odor and toxicity, and seventeen methods of odor removal.

Odor can play a significant role in the success of a product; it can decide whether a customer purchases the product in the first place, or can be the cause of complaints or returns. Similarly, in scented products, the retention of volatile components is a particular challenge and opportunity. There are several factors which have an impact on the formation of odors in plastic materials, including the properties of the polymer, use of additives in processing, exposure to radiation and oxygen, storage, and recycling.

Thirty-seven polymers and forty-one critical product groups are analyzed based on the latest research publications and patents. The book also discusses regulations related to odor in products, effects of odor on health and safety, and the effect of odors from plastic materials on indoor air quality.

Key Features

  • Analyzes the reasons behind odor formation
  • Provides the best methods to prevent odors in various materials
  • Contains information on testing odor changes and the relationship between odor and toxicity
  • Includes a comprehensive list of methods for removal of unwanted odors from plastic materials

Readership

Engineers, researchers and technicians in the plastics industry

Table of Contents

  • Chapter 1: INTRODUCTION
  • Chapter 2: MECHANISMS OF ODOR FORMATION AND ITS TRANSPORT
    • 2.1 VOLATILE CHEMICALS
    • 2.2 BIODEGRADATION
    • 2.3 EFFECT OF TEMPERATURE AND TIME
    • 2.4 EFFECT OF LIGHT EXPOSURE
    • 2.5 EFFECT OF GAMMA-IRRADIATION
    • 2.6 MIGRATION
    • 2.7 LEACHING
    • 2.8 PARTITIONING
    • 2.9 ODOR-RELEASING DEVICES
  • Chapter 3: DISTINCTIVE ODORS
    • 3.1 SWEET, BLOSSOM-LIKE (FRUITY)
    • 3.2 GRASSY
    • 3.3 LIQUORICE
    • 3.4 PETROLEUM/PHENOLIC
    • 3.5 “PLASTIC”
    • 3.6 MEDICINAL
    • 3.7 CHEMICAL
    • 3.8 ETHANOL WITH FUSEL OIL
    • 3.9 FATTY/WAXY
    • 3.10 MOLDY/MUSTY
    • 3.11 SEWER/ROTTEN
    • 3.12 ANIMAL
    • 3.13 CHEESY/BUTTERY
    • 3.14 SMOKY, BURNT
    • 3.15 METALLIC
    • 3.16 SOUR OR ACRID
    • 3.17 MINTY
    • 3.18 COCONUT
    • 3.19 CARDBOARD-LIKE
    • 3.20 MUSHROOM-LIKE
  • Chapter 4: TASTE
  • Chapter 5: FOGGING
  • Chapter 6: REASONS FOR ODOR FORMATION IN PLASTIC MATERIALS
    • 6.1 EFFECT OF POLYMER
    • 6.2 EFFECT OF ADDITIVES
    • 6.3 EFFECT OF PROCESSING CONDITIONS
    • 6.4 RECYCLING
    • 6.5 CONTACT WITH OTHER MATERIALS
    • 6.6 EFFECT OF STORAGE CONDITIONS
    • 6.7 EFFECT OF HUMIDITY
  • Chapter 7: METHODS OF TESTING IN ODOR ANALYSIS
    • 7.1 MECHANISM OF SMELL
    • 7.2 SAMPLING
    • 7.3 ACTIVE ODOR SENSING
    • 7.4 ELECTRONIC NOSE
    • 7.5 ODOR DIGITIZATION
    • 7.6 SENSORY ANALYSIS (TEST PANEL EVALUATION)
    • 7.7 GC/MS
    • 7.8 GC/OLFACTOMETRY
    • 7.9 THRESHOLD ODOR NUMBER
    • 7.10 SENSORS
    • 7.11 VISUALIZATION
  • Chapter 8: ODOR IN RELATION TO DIFFERENT POLYMERS
    • 8.1 ABS
    • 8.2 ACRYLICS
    • 8.3 ALKYD RESINS
    • 8.4 CELLULOSIC POLYMERS
    • 8.5 CHITOSAN
    • 8.6 CYANOACRYLATE
    • 8.7 EPOXY RESIN
    • 8.8 ETHYLENE-PROPYLENE DIENE TERPOLYMER, EPDM
    • 8.9 ETHYLENE-PROPYLENE RUBBER, EPR
    • 8.10 ETHYLENE-VINYL ACETATE, EVA
    • 8.11 IONOMERS
    • 8.12 NITRILE RUBBER
    • 8.13 POLYACRYLATE
    • 8.14 POLYAMIDE-66
    • 8.15 POLYAMINE
    • 8.16 POLYANILINE
    • 8.17 POLYBUTADIENE
    • 8.18 POLY(ε-CAPROLACTONE)
    • 8.19 POLYCARBONATE
    • 8.20 POLYCHLOROPRENE
    • 8.21 POLYETHYLENE
    • 8.22 POLYETHYLENE, CROSSLINKED
    • 8.23 POLY(ETHYLENE TEREPHTHALATE)
    • 8.24 POLYISOPRENE
    • 8.25 POLYIMIDE
    • 8.26 POLYOXYMETHYLENE
    • 8.27 POLY(PHENYLENE ETHER)
    • 8.28 POLYPROPYLENE
    • 8.29 POLYSTYRENE
    • 8.30 POLYSULFIDE
    • 8.31 POLYURETHANE
    • 8.32 POLYVINYLACETATE
    • 8.33 POLYVINYLALCOHOL
    • 8.34 POLYVINYLBUTYRAL
    • 8.35 POLYVINYLCHLORIDE
    • 8.36 POLYVINYLCHLORIDE, CHLORINATED
    • 8.37 POLYVINYLPYRROLIDONE
    • 8.38 RUBBER
    • 8.39 SILICONE
  • Chapter 9: ODOR IN VARIOUS PRODUCTS
    • 9.1 ADHESIVES
    • 9.2 AEROSPACE
    • 9.3 ALCOHOLIC BEVERAGES
    • 9.4 AGRICULTURE
    • 9.5 AUTOMOTIVE MATERIALS
    • 9.6 BOTTLES
    • 9.7 CEMENTITIOUS MATERIALS
    • 9.8 COATED FABRICS
    • 9.9 COMPOSITES
    • 9.10 COSMETICS
    • 9.11 DEFENCE MATERIALS
    • 9.12 DENTAL MATERIALS
    • 9.13 ELECTRONICS
    • 9.14 FIBERS
    • 9.15 FILMS
    • 9.16 FLOORING
    • 9.17 FOAM
    • 9.18 FOOD
    • 9.19 FOOTWEAR
    • 9.20 FRUITS
    • 9.21 GASKETS
    • 9.22 INKS
    • 9.23 LANDFILLS
    • 9.24 LAMINATES
    • 9.25 LEATHER
    • 9.26 MEDICAL
    • 9.27 MEMBRANES
    • 9.28 OIL SANDS
    • 9.29 PAINTS AND COATINGS
    • 9.30 PAVEMENT
    • 9.31 PHARMACEUTICAL PRODUCTS
    • 9.32 PHOTOGRAPHIC MATERIALS
    • 9.33 PIPES
    • 9.34 PLUMBING MATERIALS
    • 9.35 ROOFING
    • 9.36 SEALANTS
    • 9.37 SOFT DRINKS
    • 9.38 TIRES
    • 9.39 TUBING
    • 9.40 WATER
    • 9.41 WINE
    • 9.42 WIRE AND CABLE
  • Chapter 10: EFFECT OF PROCESSING METHOD
    • 10.1 BLOW MOLDING
    • 10.2 CALENDERING
    • 10.3 COIL COATING
    • 10.4 COMPRESSION MOLDING
    • 10.5 DRY BLENDING
    • 10.6 EXTRUSION
    • 10.7 EXTRUSION COATING
    • 10.8 FOAMING
    • 10.9 INJECTION MOLDING
    • 10.10 JOINTING
    • 10.11 PULTRUSION
    • 10.12 ROTATIONAL MOLDING
    • 10.13 RUBBER PROCESSING
  • Chapter 11: METHODS OF ODOR REMOVAL
    • 11.1 OZONATION
    • 11.2 OXIDATION
    • 11.3 MICROOXYGENATION
    • 11.4 COMPLEX FORMATION
    • 11.5 COAGULATION
    • 11.6 DEGASIFICATION
    • 11.7 BIODEGRADATION
    • 11.8 MICROORGANISM ENZYME
    • 11.9 BIOFILTRATION
    • 11.10 PHOTOCATALYSIS
    • 11.11 ACTIVATED CARBON
    • 11.12 ABSCENTS
    • 11.13 ADSORBENTS
    • 11.14 FILTERS
    • 11.15 SCAVENGERS
    • 11.16 ODOR-MASKING
    • 11.17 ODOR-STRIPPING
  • Chapter 12: REGULATIONS
  • Chapter 13: HEALTH AND SAFETY
  • Chapter 14: INDOOR AIR QUALITY
  • INDEX

Details

No. of pages:
260
Language:
English
Copyright:
© ChemTec Publishing 2017
Published:
Imprint:
ChemTec Publishing
eBook ISBN:
9781927885178
Hardcover ISBN:
9781895198980

About the Author

George Wypych

George Wypych has a Ph.D. in chemical engineering. His professional expertise includes both university teaching (full professor) and research and development. He has published 18 books, 47 scientific papers, and he has obtained 16 patents. He specializes in polymer additives, polymer processing and formulation, material durability and the development of sealants and coatings.

Affiliations and Expertise

ChemTec Publishing, Ontario, Canada