Handbook of Natural Gas Transmission and Processing

Handbook of Natural Gas Transmission and Processing

Principles and Practices

3rd Edition - February 14, 2015

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  • Authors: Saeid Mokhatab, William Poe, John Mak
  • eBook ISBN: 9780128016640

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Written by an internationally-recognized author team of natural gas industry experts, the third edition of  Handbook of Natural Gas Transmission and Processing is a unique, well-documented, and comprehensive work on the major aspects of natural gas transmission and processing. Two new chapters have been added to the new edition: a chapter on nitrogen rejection to address today's high nitrogen gases and a chapter on gas processing plant operations to assist plant operators with optimizing their plant operations. In addition, overall updates to Handbook of Natural Gas Transmission and Processing provide a fresh look at new technologies and opportunities for solving current gas processing problems on plant design and operation and on greenhouse gases emissions. It also does an excellent job of highlighting the key considerations that must be taken into account for any natural gas project in development.

Key Features

  • Covers all technical and operational aspects of natural gas transmission and processing in detail.
  • Provides pivotal updates on the latest technologies, applications and solutions.
  • Offers practical advice on design and operation based on engineering principles and operating experiences.


Professional gas processing engineers and technologists, gas-processing plant designers and operators, scientists and researchers working in the natural gas industry

Table of Contents

  • Chapter 1. Natural Gas Fundamentals

    • 1.1. Introduction
    • 1.2. Natural gas history
    • 1.3. Natural gas origin and sources
    • 1.4. Natural gas composition and classification
    • 1.5. Natural gas phase behavior
    • 1.6. Natural gas properties
    • 1.7. Natural gas reserves
    • 1.8. Natural gas exploration and production
    • 1.9. Natural gas transportation
    • 1.10. Natural gas processing
    • 1.11. Sales gas transmission
    • 1.12. Underground gas storage

    Chapter 2. Raw Gas Transmission

    • 2.1. Introduction
    • 2.2. Multiphase flow terminology
    • 2.3. Multiphase flow regimes
    • 2.4. Determining multiphase flow design parameters
    • 2.5. Predicting temperature profile of multiphase pipeline
    • 2.6. Velocity criteria for sizing multiphase pipelines
    • 2.7. Multiphase pipeline operations
    • 2.8. Multiphase flow assurance

    Chapter 3. Basic Concepts of Natural Gas Processing

    • 3.1. Introduction
    • 3.2. Natural gas processing objectives
    • 3.3. Gas processing plant configurations
    • 3.4. Finding the best gas processing route
    • 3.5. Support systems
    • 3.6. Contractual agreements

    Chapter 4. Phase Separation

    • 4.1. Introduction
    • 4.2. Gravity separators
    • 4.3. Multistage separation
    • 4.4. Centrifugal separators
    • 4.5. Twister supersonic separator
    • 4.6. Slug catchers
    • 4.7. High-efficiency liquid/gas coalescers
    • 4.8. High-efficiency liquid–liquid coalescers
    • 4.9. Practical design of separation systems

    Chapter 5. Condensate Production

    • 5.1. Introduction
    • 5.2. Condensate stabilization
    • 5.3. Condensate hydrotreating
    • 5.4. Effluent treatment
    • 5.5. Condensate storage

    Chapter 6. Natural Gas Treating

    • 6.1. Introduction
    • 6.2. Gas treating specifications
    • 6.3. Gas treating processes
    • 6.4. Chemical absorption processes
    • 6.5. Physical solvent processes
    • 6.6. Mixed physical and chemical absorption processes
    • 6.7. Solid bed absorption processes
    • 6.8. Solid bed adsorption process
    • 6.9. Membrane
    • 6.10. Cryogenic fractionation
    • 6.11. Microbiological treatment processes
    • 6.12. Selecting the gas treating process

    Chapter 7. Natural Gas Dehydration

    • 7.1. Introduction
    • 7.2. Water content determination
    • 7.3. Glycol dehydration
    • 7.4. Solid-bed dehydration
    • 7.5. Other gas dehydration processes
    • 7.6. Gas dehydration process selection
    • 7.7. Mercury removal

    Chapter 8. Natural Gas Liquids Recovery

    • 8.1. Introduction
    • 8.2. Refrigeration processes
    • 8.3. Liquid recovery processes
    • 8.4. Selection of NGL recovery process
    • 8.5. NGL recovery technology development
    • 8.6. NGL recovery unit design considerations
    • 8.7. NGL recovery unit operating problems
    • 8.8. NGL fractionation
    • 8.9. Liquid product processing

    Chapter 9. Sulfur Recovery and Handling

    • 9.1. Introduction
    • 9.2. Sulfur properties
    • 9.3. Sulfur recovery
    • 9.4. Tail gas cleanup
    • 9.5. Sulfur degassing
    • 9.6. Sulfur storage and handling
    • 9.7. SRU design considerations
    • 9.8. SRU operation problems
    • 9.9. Selecting the sulfur recovery process
    • 9.10. Sulfur disposal by acid gas injection

    Chapter 10. Nitrogen Rejection

    • 10.1. Introduction
    • 10.2. Nitrogen rejection options
    • 10.3. Nitrogen rejection unit integration
    • 10.4. Cryogenic nitrogen rejection
    • 10.5. Design considerations
    • 10.6. Operating problems

    Chapter 11. Natural Gas Compression

    • 11.1. Introduction
    • 11.2. Reciprocating compressors
    • 11.3. Centrifugal compressors
    • 11.4. Comparison between compressors
    • 11.5. Compressor selection
    • 11.6. Thermodynamics of gas compression
    • 11.7. Compression ratio
    • 11.8. Compressor design
    • 11.9. Compressor control
    • 11.10. Compressor performance maps
    • 11.11. Example for operating a compressor in a pipeline system

    Chapter 12. Sales Gas Transmission

    • 12.1. Introduction
    • 12.2. Gas flow fundamentals
    • 12.3. Predicting gas temperature profile
    • 12.4. Transient flow in gas transmission pipelines
    • 12.5. Compressor stations
    • 12.6. Reduction and metering stations
    • 12.7. Design considerations of sales gas pipelines
    • 12.8. Pipeline operations

    Chapter 13. Gas Processing Plant Automation

    • 13.1. Introduction
    • 13.2. Early methods of gas plant automation
    • 13.3. Microprocessor-based automation
    • 13.4. Control of equipment and process systems
    • 13.5. Automation applications
    • 13.6. Condensate stabilizer case study

    Chapter 14. Gas Processing Plant Operations

    • 14.1. Introduction
    • 14.2. Commissioning and start-up
    • 14.3. Control room management
    • 14.4. Maintenance
    • 14.5. Troubleshooting
    • 14.6. Turnarounds

    Chapter 15. Dynamic Simulation of Gas Processing Plants

    • 15.1. Introduction
    • 15.2. Areas of application of dynamic simulation
    • 15.3. Modeling considerations
    • 15.4. Control of equipment and process systems
    • 15.5. Case study I: Analysis of a fuel gas system start-up
    • 15.6. Case study II: Online dynamic model of a trunk line

    Chapter 16. Real-Time Optimization of Gas Processing Plants

    • 16.1. Introduction
    • 16.2. Real-time optimization
    • 16.3. RTO project considerations
    • 16.4. Example of RTO

    Chapter 17. Maximizing Profitability of Gas Plant Assets

    • 17.1. Introduction
    • 17.2. The performance strategy—integrated gas plant
    • 17.3. Strategies for organizational behavior and information
    • 17.4. Organizational behavior model
    • 17.5. The successful information strategy
    • 17.6. The impact of living with information technology
    • 17.7. Vision of the modern plant operation
    • 17.8. Operations strategy
    • 17.9. Model-based asset management
    • 17.10. Optimization
    • 17.11. Industrial relevance
    • 17.12. The technology integration challenge
    • 17.13. Scientific approach
    • 17.14. Other miscellaneous initiatives
    • 17.15. Conclusion

    Chapter 18. Gas Plant Project Management

    • 18.1. Introduction
    • 18.2. Project management overview
    • 18.3. Industry perspective
    • 18.4. The project management process
    • 18.5. Project controls
    • 18.6. Quality assurance
    • 18.7. Commissioning and start-up
    • 18.8. Operate and evaluate
    • 18.9. Project closeout
    • 18.10. Conclusion

    Appendix 1. Conversion Factors

    Appendix 2. Standard Gas Conditions

    Appendix 3. Physical Properties of Fluids

Product details

  • No. of pages: 628
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Gulf Professional Publishing 2015
  • Published: February 14, 2015
  • Imprint: Gulf Professional Publishing
  • eBook ISBN: 9780128016640

About the Authors

Saeid Mokhatab

Saeid Mokhatab is recognized globally as a process technology expert in the fields of natural gas processing and LNG. For over two decades, he has been actively involved in different aspects of several large-scale gas processing and LNG projects, from conceptual design through plant startup and operations support. He has contributed to the understanding of gas processing & LNG knowledge, practices, and technologies through 300 technical papers and 3 reference books (published by Elsevier in the US), which are widely read and highly respected. He founded the Elsevier peer-reviewed Journal of Natural Gas Science and Engineering and has served on the editorial/advisory boards of leading professional publications pertaining to gas processing and LNG. He has also been an active member of several professional societies, including the SPE and GPA Europe, and has served on the technical program/advisory committee of many acclaimed gas processing conferences worldwide. As a result of his outstanding work in the natural gas industry, he has received a number of international awards and medals and has been listed in highly prestigious biographical directories.

Affiliations and Expertise

Gas Processing Consultant, Canada

William Poe

William A. “Bill” Poe is a Senior Principal Technical Consultant at AVEVA, the United States. He has over 35 years of international business and industrial experience in design, operations and project management of gas processing plants with a special focus on automation, multivariable predictive control (MPC), advanced process control (APC), optimization design and implementation, and real-time performance monitoring. Bill started his career at Shell Oil Company, USA, in 1981, working over a decade in natural gas processing plants operations and engineering as well as management of multimillion-dollar projects. In 1993, he joined Continental Controls to lead the process engineering department in support of executing contracts with the Gas Research Institute, USA, where he developed new multivariable control applications in the natural gas industry. After joining GE as part of the Continental Controls acquisition, he became vice president of this division of GE where his responsibilities included direction of product development, projects, technical sales support, and customer service for multivariable control and optimization applications in the natural gas industry. In 2001, Bill joined Invensys Process Systems, USA, where he has developed APC and Optimization Master Plans for international companies such as Saudi Aramco, ADNOC, Statoil, and PDVSA, as well as automation and advanced process control feasibility studies for over 100 natural gas processing plants worldwide. After Schneider Electric acquired Invensys Process Systems in 2014 and merged its software division with AVEVA in 2018, he has continued to work with the top gas processing companies. Bill is an Associate Editor of the Journal of Natural Gas Science & Engineering, has authored or co-authored more than 60 technical papers, and made numerous technical presentations at prestigious international conferences. He received the GE Innovators Award in 1999 and attained the Invensys Circle of Excellence in 2011.

Affiliations and Expertise

Senior Principal Technical Consultant, AVEVA, USA

John Mak

John Y. Mak is a Senior Fellow and Technical Director at Fluor, the United States, and leads the technology and design development for Fluor chemical and energy division. He is the technical expert and SME with Fluor for over 40 years and has been leading major oil and gas, petrochemical and refinery projects from conceptual designs, feasibility studies, FEED development, detailed engineering, to plant start-up and performance testing. John has made contributions to innovations in natural gas treating and processing, NGL recovery, LNG liquefaction and regasification, synthesis gas purification, and carbon capture methods. John is the co-author of the Handbook of Liquefied Natural Gas, first edition (2013) published by Elsevier, the United States. He has published over 80 technical papers and has frequently presented his findings at technical conferences such as GPA Midstream Convention, GPA Europe, Laurance Reid Gas Conditioning Conference, LNG Summit, Offshore Technology Conference, GASTECH, and China Coal Forum. John is the inventor of over 90 patents and patent pending processes. John is specializing in more complex NGL recovery designs for conventional and unconventional gases, treating high CO2 content gases using physical solvents, acid gas removal with amines, cryogenic nitrogen rejection and helium recovery.

Affiliations and Expertise

Senior Fellow and Technical Director, Fluor, USA

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  • john m. Thu Mar 15 2018

    handbook of natural gas transmission and processing

    great book for references