Handbook of Natural Fibres

Handbook of Natural Fibres

Volume 2: Processing and Applications

1st Edition - September 21, 2012

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  • Editor: Ryszard Kozłowski
  • Hardcover ISBN: 9781845696986
  • eBook ISBN: 9780857095510

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Description

Growing awareness of environmental issues has led to increasing demand for goods produced from natural products, including natural fibres. The two-volume Handbook of natural fibres is an indispensable tool in understanding the diverse properties and applications of these important materials. Volume 2: Processing and applications focuses on key processing techniques for the improvement and broader application of natural fibres.Part one reviews processing techniques for natural fibres. Silk production and the future of natural silk manufacture are discussed, as well as techniques to improve the flame retardancy of natural fibres and chemical treatments to improve natural fibre properties. Ultraviolet-blocking properties, enzymatic treatment, and electrokinetic properties are also discussed. Part two goes on to investigate applications of natural fibres, including automotive applications, geotextiles, paper and packaging, and natural fibre composites (NFCs) for the construction and automotive industries. The use of flax and hemp, textiles made from jute and coir, antimicrobial natural fibres, and biomimetic textile materials are also considered, before a final discussion of enhancing consumer demand for natural textile fibres.With its distinguished editor and international team of expert contributors, the two volumes of the Handbook of natural fibres are essential texts for professionals and academics in textile science and technology.

Key Features

  • Focuses on key processing techniques for the improvement and broader application of natural fibres
  • Reviews processing techniques for natural fibres, including silk production and the future of natural silk manufacture
  • Discusses ultraviolet-blocking properties, enzymatic treatment, and alectrokinetic properties, among other topics

Readership

Professionals and academics within the textile industry as well as those involved in the cultivation and farming of natural fibers.

Table of Contents

  • Dedication

    Contributor contact details

    Woodhead Publishing Series in Textiles

    Part I: Processing techniques for natural fibres

    Chapter 1: Silk production and the future of natural silk manufacture

    Abstract:

    1.1 Introduction to silk and the silk industry

    1.2 Types of silk and their importance

    1.3 The silk industry

    1.4 Post-cocoon technology

    1.5 Silk reeling technology

    1.6 Silk fabric manufacture

    1.7 Spun silk production and manufacture

    1.8 Future trends in natural silk production

    1.9 Sources of further information and advice

    1.10 Acknowledgements

    Chapter 2: Improving the flame retardancy of natural fibres

    Abstract:

    2.1 Introduction

    2.2 Key issues in flame retardancy of natural fibres and lignocellulosic textiles

    2.3 Flammability and flame retardancy of some natural fibres and textiles

    2.4 Methods of improving flame retardancy in natural fibres

    2.5 Future trends

    2.6 Sources of further information and advice

    2.7 Conclusions

    Chapter 3: Improving the properties of natural fibres by chemical treatments

    Abstract:

    3.1 Introduction

    3.2 Wool

    3.3 Silk

    3.4 Other protein fibres

    3.5 Cotton

    3.6 Other vegetable fibres

    3.7 Future trends

    3.8 Acknowledgements

    3.10 Appendix: abbreviations

    Chapter 4: Ultraviolet-blocking properties of natural fibres

    Abstract:

    4.1 Introduction

    4.2 UV protection by textiles

    4.3 Properties of natural fibres

    4.4 Methods of improving the ultraviolet properties of natural fibres

    4.5 Future trends

    4.6 Conclusion

    Chapter 5: Enzymatic treatment of natural fibres

    Abstract:

    5.1 Introduction

    5.2 Key principles of enzyme treatment of natural fibres

    5.3 Main types of enzyme treatments for natural fibres

    5.4 Future trends

    5.5 Sources of further information and advice

    Chapter 6: Electrokinetic properties of natural fibres

    Abstract:

    6.1 Introduction

    6.2 Key principles of electrokinetic properties of natural fibres

    6.3 Applications

    6.32 Cotton

    6.4 Future trends

    6.5 Conclusion

    6.6 Sources of further information and advice

    6.8 Appendix: symbols and abbreviations

    Part II: Applications of natural fibres and case studies

    Chapter 7: Natural fibres for automotive applications

    Abstract:

    7.1 Introduction

    7.2 Natural fibre-reinforced composites

    7.3 Environmental aspects of natural fibres in automotive applications

    7.4 Processing technologies for natural fibre composites

    7.5 End-of-life vehicles (ELVs) and environmental pressures

    7.6 Design for recycling (DFR)

    7.7 Future trends

    7.8 Acknowledgements

    Chapter 8: Natural fibre composites (NFCs) for construction and automotive industries

    Abstract:

    8.1 Introduction

    8.2 Natural fibre composites (NFCs)

    8.3 Natural fibre reinforcement forms for green composites

    8.4 NFC manufacturing methods

    8.5 Quality assurance and testing

    8.6 NFCs for building and automotive industries

    8.7 Conclusions

    8.8 Acknowledgements

    Chapter 9: Natural fibres for geotextiles

    Abstract:

    9.1 Introduction

    9.2 Natural vegetable fibres for geotextiles

    9.3 Types of geosynthetics and their composition

    9.4 Important characteristic properties of geotextiles

    9.5 The market for natural fibre geotextiles

    9.6 Functional requirements of geosynthetic materials

    9.7 Primary uses for geotextiles

    9.8 Applications of geotextiles

    9.9 Future trends

    9.10 Conclusions

    Chapter 10: The use of flax and hemp for textile applications

    Abstract:

    10.1 Introduction

    10.2 Types of flax used for textile applications

    10.3 Applications and examples

    10.4 Future trends

    10.5 Sources of further information and advice

    Chapter 11: The application of flax and hemp seeds in food, animal feed and cosmetics production

    Abstract:

    11.1 Introduction to flax and hemp seeds

    11.2 Flax-and hemp-related food products

    11.3 Flax seed in animal nutrition

    11.4 Health effects of flax and hemp products

    11.5 Regulatory issues and sources of information on flax

    11.6 Conclusions

    Chapter 12: Natural fibres for paper and packaging

    Abstract:

    12.1 Introduction

    12.2 Natural fibres for paper and packaging

    12.3 Pulp and paper processes

    12.4 Applications of natural fibres for paper and packaging

    12.5 Future trends

    12.6 Acknowledgements

    Chapter 13: Environmental textiles from jute and coir

    Abstract:

    13.1 Introduction to environmental textiles

    13.2 The importance of jute and coconut plant cultivation

    13.3 Extraction of jute and coir fibres

    13.4 Critical properties of jute and coir fibres

    13.5 The nature of commercial products from jute and coir

    13.6 New environmental textiles from jute and coir

    13.7 Market potential of jute–coir environmental textiles

    13.9 Appendix: list of abbreviations

    Chapter 14: Antimicrobial natural fibres

    Abstract:

    14.1 Introduction to textiles and microbial hazards: past and present

    14.2 Survival of microbes on fabric surfaces

    14.3 Textiles as protection against biohazards and as infection reservoirs

    14.4 Antimicrobial fibres

    14.5 Antimicrobial agents: silver, other metals and their salts

    14.6 Antimicrobial agents: quaternary ammonium compounds (QACs)

    14.7 Antimicrobial agents: chitosan

    14.8 Antimicrobial agents: dyes

    14.9 Antimicrobial agents: photomicrobicidal materials

    14.10 Antimicrobial agents: natural agents

    14.11 Antimicrobial agents: others

    14.12 Risks of antimicrobial finishing

    14.13 Future trends

    Chapter 15: Biomimetics and textile materials

    Abstract:

    15.1 Introduction

    15.2 Key principles of biomimesis

    15.3 Key principles and issues of biomimetic inspired textiles

    15.4 Conclusions and future trends

    15.5 Acknowledgment

    Chapter 16: Enhancing consumer demand for natural textile fibres

    Abstract:

    16.1 Introduction: current market scenario for natural fibres

    16.2 The role of marketing and advertising in the natural fibre market

    16.3 Understanding and affecting consumer buying behaviour

    16.4 Demand building techniques

    16.5 Future trends

    16.6 Conclusion

    Index

Product details

  • No. of pages: 544
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Woodhead Publishing 2012
  • Published: September 21, 2012
  • Imprint: Woodhead Publishing
  • Hardcover ISBN: 9781845696986
  • eBook ISBN: 9780857095510

About the Editor

Ryszard Kozłowski

Professor Ryszard M. Kozlowski is the award-winning former Director of the Polish Institute of Natural Fibres and Medicinal Plants. He is an Honorary Fellow of the Textile Institute, Editor-in-Chief of the Journal of Natural Fibres, Scientific Advisor to the Institute for Engineering of Polymer Materials and Dyes, and Doctor Honoris Causa of the Pontifical Catholic University of Ibarra, Ecuador. Professor Koz?owski is also Coordinator of both ESCORENA (the European System of Cooperative Research Networks in Agriculture and the FAO/ESCORENA European Cooperative Research Network on Flax and other Bast Plants. He is the author/co-author of over 300 publications, including 26 books and 25 patents.

Affiliations and Expertise

Institute of Natural Fibres (INF), Poland

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