COVID-19 Update: We are currently shipping orders daily. However, due to transit disruptions in some geographies, deliveries may be delayed. To provide all customers with timely access to content, we are offering 50% off Science and Technology Print & eBook bundle options. Terms & conditions.
Handbook of Natural Fibres - 1st Edition - ISBN: 9781845696986, 9780857095510

Handbook of Natural Fibres

1st Edition

Volume 2: Processing and Applications

Editor: Ryszard Kozłowski
Hardcover ISBN: 9781845696986
eBook ISBN: 9780857095510
Imprint: Woodhead Publishing
Published Date: 21st September 2012
Page Count: 544
Sales tax will be calculated at check-out Price includes VAT/GST
Price includes VAT/GST

Institutional Subscription

Secure Checkout

Personal information is secured with SSL technology.

Free Shipping

Free global shipping
No minimum order.

Table of Contents


Contributor contact details

Woodhead Publishing Series in Textiles

Part I: Processing techniques for natural fibres

Chapter 1: Silk production and the future of natural silk manufacture


1.1 Introduction to silk and the silk industry

1.2 Types of silk and their importance

1.3 The silk industry

1.4 Post-cocoon technology

1.5 Silk reeling technology

1.6 Silk fabric manufacture

1.7 Spun silk production and manufacture

1.8 Future trends in natural silk production

1.9 Sources of further information and advice

1.10 Acknowledgements

Chapter 2: Improving the flame retardancy of natural fibres


2.1 Introduction

2.2 Key issues in flame retardancy of natural fibres and lignocellulosic textiles

2.3 Flammability and flame retardancy of some natural fibres and textiles

2.4 Methods of improving flame retardancy in natural fibres

2.5 Future trends

2.6 Sources of further information and advice

2.7 Conclusions

Chapter 3: Improving the properties of natural fibres by chemical treatments


3.1 Introduction

3.2 Wool

3.3 Silk

3.4 Other protein fibres

3.5 Cotton

3.6 Other vegetable fibres

3.7 Future trends

3.8 Acknowledgements

3.10 Appendix: abbreviations

Chapter 4: Ultraviolet-blocking properties of natural fibres


4.1 Introduction

4.2 UV protection by textiles

4.3 Properties of natural fibres

4.4 Methods of improving the ultraviolet properties of natural fibres

4.5 Future trends

4.6 Conclusion

Chapter 5: Enzymatic treatment of natural fibres


5.1 Introduction

5.2 Key principles of enzyme treatment of natural fibres

5.3 Main types of enzyme treatments for natural fibres

5.4 Future trends

5.5 Sources of further information and advice

Chapter 6: Electrokinetic properties of natural fibres


6.1 Introduction

6.2 Key principles of electrokinetic properties of natural fibres

6.3 Applications

6.32 Cotton

6.4 Future trends

6.5 Conclusion

6.6 Sources of further information and advice

6.8 Appendix: symbols and abbreviations

Part II: Applications of natural fibres and case studies

Chapter 7: Natural fibres for automotive applications


7.1 Introduction

7.2 Natural fibre-reinforced composites

7.3 Environmental aspects of natural fibres in automotive applications

7.4 Processing technologies for natural fibre composites

7.5 End-of-life vehicles (ELVs) and environmental pressures

7.6 Design for recycling (DFR)

7.7 Future trends

7.8 Acknowledgements

Chapter 8: Natural fibre composites (NFCs) for construction and automotive industries


8.1 Introduction

8.2 Natural fibre composites (NFCs)

8.3 Natural fibre reinforcement forms for green composites

8.4 NFC manufacturing methods

8.5 Quality assurance and testing

8.6 NFCs for building and automotive industries

8.7 Conclusions

8.8 Acknowledgements

Chapter 9: Natural fibres for geotextiles


9.1 Introduction

9.2 Natural vegetable fibres for geotextiles

9.3 Types of geosynthetics and their composition

9.4 Important characteristic properties of geotextiles

9.5 The market for natural fibre geotextiles

9.6 Functional requirements of geosynthetic materials

9.7 Primary uses for geotextiles

9.8 Applications of geotextiles

9.9 Future trends

9.10 Conclusions

Chapter 10: The use of flax and hemp for textile applications


10.1 Introduction

10.2 Types of flax used for textile applications

10.3 Applications and examples

10.4 Future trends

10.5 Sources of further information and advice

Chapter 11: The application of flax and hemp seeds in food, animal feed and cosmetics production


11.1 Introduction to flax and hemp seeds

11.2 Flax-and hemp-related food products

11.3 Flax seed in animal nutrition

11.4 Health effects of flax and hemp products

11.5 Regulatory issues and sources of information on flax

11.6 Conclusions

Chapter 12: Natural fibres for paper and packaging


12.1 Introduction

12.2 Natural fibres for paper and packaging

12.3 Pulp and paper processes

12.4 Applications of natural fibres for paper and packaging

12.5 Future trends

12.6 Acknowledgements

Chapter 13: Environmental textiles from jute and coir


13.1 Introduction to environmental textiles

13.2 The importance of jute and coconut plant cultivation

13.3 Extraction of jute and coir fibres

13.4 Critical properties of jute and coir fibres

13.5 The nature of commercial products from jute and coir

13.6 New environmental textiles from jute and coir

13.7 Market potential of jute–coir environmental textiles

13.9 Appendix: list of abbreviations

Chapter 14: Antimicrobial natural fibres


14.1 Introduction to textiles and microbial hazards: past and present

14.2 Survival of microbes on fabric surfaces

14.3 Textiles as protection against biohazards and as infection reservoirs

14.4 Antimicrobial fibres

14.5 Antimicrobial agents: silver, other metals and their salts

14.6 Antimicrobial agents: quaternary ammonium compounds (QACs)

14.7 Antimicrobial agents: chitosan

14.8 Antimicrobial agents: dyes

14.9 Antimicrobial agents: photomicrobicidal materials

14.10 Antimicrobial agents: natural agents

14.11 Antimicrobial agents: others

14.12 Risks of antimicrobial finishing

14.13 Future trends

Chapter 15: Biomimetics and textile materials


15.1 Introduction

15.2 Key principles of biomimesis

15.3 Key principles and issues of biomimetic inspired textiles

15.4 Conclusions and future trends

15.5 Acknowledgment

Chapter 16: Enhancing consumer demand for natural textile fibres


16.1 Introduction: current market scenario for natural fibres

16.2 The role of marketing and advertising in the natural fibre market

16.3 Understanding and affecting consumer buying behaviour

16.4 Demand building techniques

16.5 Future trends

16.6 Conclusion



Growing awareness of environmental issues has led to increasing demand for goods produced from natural products, including natural fibres. The two-volume Handbook of natural fibres is an indispensable tool in understanding the diverse properties and applications of these important materials. Volume 2: Processing and applications focuses on key processing techniques for the improvement and broader application of natural fibres.

Part one reviews processing techniques for natural fibres. Silk production and the future of natural silk manufacture are discussed, as well as techniques to improve the flame retardancy of natural fibres and chemical treatments to improve natural fibre properties. Ultraviolet-blocking properties, enzymatic treatment, and electrokinetic properties are also discussed. Part two goes on to investigate applications of natural fibres, including automotive applications, geotextiles, paper and packaging, and natural fibre composites (NFCs) for the construction and automotive industries. The use of flax and hemp, textiles made from jute and coir, antimicrobial natural fibres, and biomimetic textile materials are also considered, before a final discussion of enhancing consumer demand for natural textile fibres.

With its distinguished editor and international team of expert contributors, the two volumes of the Handbook of natural fibres are essential texts for professionals and academics in textile science and technology.

Key Features

  • Focuses on key processing techniques for the improvement and broader application of natural fibres
  • Reviews processing techniques for natural fibres, including silk production and the future of natural silk manufacture
  • Discusses ultraviolet-blocking properties, enzymatic treatment, and alectrokinetic properties, among other topics


Professionals and academics within the textile industry as well as those involved in the cultivation and farming of natural fibers.


No. of pages:
© Woodhead Publishing 2012
21st September 2012
Woodhead Publishing
Hardcover ISBN:
eBook ISBN:

Ratings and Reviews

About the Editor

Ryszard Kozłowski

Professor Ryszard M. Kozlowski is the award-winning former Director of the Polish Institute of Natural Fibres and Medicinal Plants. He is an Honorary Fellow of the Textile Institute, Editor-in-Chief of the Journal of Natural Fibres, Scientific Advisor to the Institute for Engineering of Polymer Materials and Dyes, and Doctor Honoris Causa of the Pontifical Catholic University of Ibarra, Ecuador. Professor Koz?owski is also Coordinator of both ESCORENA (the European System of Cooperative Research Networks in Agriculture and the FAO/ESCORENA European Cooperative Research Network on Flax and other Bast Plants. He is the author/co-author of over 300 publications, including 26 books and 25 patents.

Affiliations and Expertise

Institute of Natural Fibres (INF), Poland