Handbook of Natural Fibres

Handbook of Natural Fibres

Volume 1: Types, Properties and Factors Affecting Breeding and Cultivation

1st Edition - October 19, 2012

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  • Editor: Ryszard Kozlowski
  • eBook ISBN: 9780857095503

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Growing awareness of environmental issues has led to increasing demand for goods produced from natural products, including natural fibres. The two-volume Handbook of natural fibres is an indispensible tool in understanding the diverse properties and applications of these important materials. Volume 1: Types, properties and factors affecting breeding and cultivation is an essential guide to a wide range of natural fibres, and highlights key techniques for their improvement.Part one reviews key types and fundamental properties of natural textile fibres. The production, identification and testing of a range of cotton, bast, silk and wool fibres are discussed, alongside bioengineered natural textile fibres. Part two goes on to explore the improvement of natural fibre properties and production through breeding and cultivation, beginning with a discussion of fibrous flax and cotton. Improved natural fibre production through the prevention of fungal growth is explored, along with the use of genetic engineering and biotechnology to enhance desirable characteristics. Finally, the wider impact of natural textile production is discussed, using wild silk enterprise programs as an example.With its distinguished editor and international team of expert contributors, the two volumes of the Handbook of natural fibres are essential texts for professionals and academics in textile science and technology.

Key Features

  • Provides an essential guide to a wide range of natural fibres and highlights key techniques for their improvement
  • Reviews key types and fundamental properties of natural textile fibres, addressing the production, identification and testing of a range of cotton, bast, silk and wool fibres
  • Explores the improvement of natural fibre properties and production through breeding and cultivation, beginning with a discussion of fibrous flax and cotton


Professionals and academics within the textile industry as well as those involved in the cultivation and farming of natural fibers.

Table of Contents

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    Woodhead Publishing Series in Textiles


    Part I: Fundamentals: types of fibre, properties, identification and testing

    Chapter 1: Introduction to natural textile fibres


    1.1 Introduction

    1.2 Historical background of natural fibres

    1.3 Handbook of natural fibres

    Chapter 2: Cotton fibres


    2.1 Introduction

    2.2 The cotton plant

    2.3 Cotton fibre structure

    2.4 Physical properties of cotton

    2.5 Measuring cotton quality

    2.6 Future trends

    2.7 Acknowledgement

    Chapter 3: Bast fibres: jute


    3.1 Introduction to jute

    3.2 Types of jute

    3.3 Fibre morphology

    3.4 Chemical composition

    3.5 Properties of jute

    3.6 Typical applications

    3.7 Conclusions

    Chapter 4: Bast fibres: ramie


    4.1 Introduction to ramie

    4.2 Types of ramie

    4.3 Fibre morphology

    4.4 Properties of ramie

    4.5 Typical applications

    4.6 Conclusions

    4.7 Sources of further information and advice

    Chapter 5: Bast fibres: flax


    5.1 Introduction

    5.2 Flax plant morphology

    5.3 Structure and chemical composition of flax

    5.4 Flax harvesting

    5.5 Degumming

    5.6 Scutching

    5.7 Hackling (combing)

    5.8 'Cottonization'

    5.9 Spinning

    5.10 Bleaching, dyeing

    5.11 Finishing

    5.12 Recapitulation

    5.13 Conclusions and future trends

    5.14 Sources of further information and advice

    Chapter 6: Bast fibres: hemp cultivation and production


    6.1 Introduction

    6.2 The hemp plant

    6.3 Hemp cultivation

    6.4 Retting

    6.5 Fibre extraction

    6.6 Hemp fibre spinning

    Chapter 7: Silk fibres


    7.1 Introduction

    7.2 Silk industry

    7.3 Microstructure and appearance

    7.4 Amino acid composition

    7.5 Properties of silk

    7.6 Applications of silk

    7.7 Future trends

    7.8 Conclusions

    7.9 Sources of further information and advice

    Chapter 8: Wool fibres


    8.1 Introduction

    8.2 The effects of the economy on wool

    8.3 Wool production

    8.4 Chemistry and morphology

    8.5 Properties of wool

    8.6 Industrial usage of wool

    8.7 Branding and consumer friendliness

    Chapter 9: Mohair, cashmere and other animal hair fibres


    9.1 Introduction

    9.2 Alpaca

    9.3 Angora rabbit hair

    9.4 Camel

    9.5 Cashgora

    9.6 Cashmere

    9.7 Guanaco

    9.8 Llama

    9.9 Mohair

    9.10 Musk-ox

    9.11 Vicuña

    9.12 Yak

    9.13 Other animal hair fibres

    9.14 Acknowledgements

    Chapter 10: Bioengineered natural textile fibres


    10.1 Introduction

    10.2 Bacterial cellulose

    10.3 Enzymatic treatment of cellulose

    10.4 Future trends

    10.5 Conclusions

    10.7 Appendix: abbreviations

    Chapter 11: Identification of natural textile fibres


    11.1 Introduction

    11.2 Natural textile fibres

    11.3 Identification methods

    11.4 Practical approach

    11.5 Forensic analysis

    11.6 Future trends

    11.8 Appendix: abbreviations

    Chapter 12: Testing of natural textile fibres


    12.1 Introduction

    12.2 Key issues in testing natural fibres

    12.3 Test methods for natural fibres

    12.4 Measuring the physical properties of natural fibres

    12.5 Chemical properties

    12.6 Instrumental methods

    12.7 Future trends

    12.10 Appendix: abbreviations

    Part II: Improving natural fibre production through breeding and cultivation

    Chapter 13: Developments in fibrous flax breeding and cultivation


    13.1 Introduction

    13.2 Key issues of fibre flax breeding and cultivating

    13.3 Methods of flax and linseed breeding



    13.4 Modern methods in flax and linseed breeding

    13.5 Sources of further information and advice

    13.7 Appendix: abbreviations

    Chapter 14: Cotton breeding and agro-technology


    14.1 Introduction

    14.2 Genetic review

    14.3 Breeding methodology

    14.4 Agronomy and physiology

    14.5 Breeding targets

    14.6 Future trends

    14.7 Conclusions

    14.8 Sources of further information and advice

    14.10 Appendix: abbreviations

    Chapter 15: Fibre flax cultivation in sustainable agriculture


    15.1 Introduction to fibre flax for sustainable agriculture

    15.2 Flax growth cycle

    15.3 The role of cultivars in sustainable flax cultivation

    15.4 The importance of crop rotation

    15.5 Flax cultivation requirements

    15.6 Flax harvest

    15.7 Future trends in fibre flax growing for sustainable agriculture

    Chapter 16: Prevention of fungal growth in natural fibres


    16.1 Introduction

    16.2 Key issues of fungal growth, especially mildew, in natural fibres

    16.3 Methods of preventing fungal growth, especially mildew, in natural fibres

    16.4 Future trends

    16.5 Conclusion

    Chapter 17: Genetic engineering and biotechnology of natural textile fiber plants


    17.1 Introduction: global status of commercialized biotech crops

    17.2 Fibrous biotech crops

    17.3 Future trends

    17.4 Conclusions

    17.5 Sources of further information and advice

    17.7 Appendix: abbreviations

    Chapter 18: Wild silk: wild silk enterprise programs to alleviate poverty and protect habitats


    18.1 Introduction

    18.2 Definition of silk

    18.3 Silk structure and function

    18.4 Wild silk enterprise

    18.5 Wild silk enterprise versus alternative conservation and poverty alleviation programs in Madagascar

    18.6 Conclusion



Product details

  • No. of pages: 656
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Woodhead Publishing 2012
  • Published: October 19, 2012
  • Imprint: Woodhead Publishing
  • eBook ISBN: 9780857095503

About the Editor

Ryszard Kozlowski

Professor Ryszard M. Kozlowski is the award-winning former Director of the Polish Institute of Natural Fibres and Medicinal Plants. He is an Honorary Fellow of the Textile Institute, Editor-in-Chief of the Journal of Natural Fibres, Scientific Advisor to the Institute for Engineering of Polymer Materials and Dyes, and Doctor Honoris Causa of the Pontifical Catholic University of Ibarra, Ecuador. Professor Koz?owski is also Coordinator of both ESCORENA (the European System of Cooperative Research Networks in Agriculture and the FAO/ESCORENA European Cooperative Research Network on Flax and other Bast Plants. He is the author/co-author of over 300 publications, including 26 books and 25 patents.

Affiliations and Expertise

Institute of Natural Fibres (INF), Poland

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