Handbook of Loss Prevention and Crime Prevention

Handbook of Loss Prevention and Crime Prevention

5th Edition - January 27, 2012

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  • Author: Lawrence Fennelly
  • Hardcover ISBN: 9780123852465
  • eBook ISBN: 9780123852496

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The Handbook of Loss Prevention and Crime Prevention, 5e, is a trusted resource for physical security professionals, students, and candidates for the coveted Certified Protection Professional (CPP) certification administered by ASIS International. The U.S. government recently announced that employees will have to obtain CPP certification to advance in their careers. Edited by the security practitioner and author Lawrence Fennelly, this handbook gathers in a single volume the key information on each topic from eminent subject-matter experts. Taken together, this material offers a range of approaches for defining security problems and tools for designing solutions in a world increasingly characterized by complexity and chaos. The 5e adds cutting-edge content and up-to-the-minute practical examples of its application to problems from retail crime to disaster readiness.

Key Features

  • Covers every important topic in the field, including the latest on wireless security applications, data analysis and visualization, situational crime prevention, and global security standards and compliance issues
  • Required reading for the certification DHS selected for its infrastructure security professionals
  • Each chapter is contributed by a top security professional with subject-matter expertise


Certification candidates for ASIS CPP credentials; security professionals; students in Security Management and Criminal Justice programs in traditional and for-profit schools

Table of Contents

  • PART I. Approaches to Crime Prevention & Loss Prevention

    Chapter 1. Introduction to Vulnerability Assessment

    Risk Management and Vulnerability Assessment

    Risk Assessment and the Vulnerability Assessment Process

    Statistics and Quantitative Analysis

    Vulnerability Assessment Process Overview

    Reporting and Using the Vulnerability Assessment

    Systems Engineering and Vulnerability Assessment


    Chapter 2. Vulnerability Assessment Process Inputs — Establish Protection Objectives

    Defining the Threat

    Asset Identification

    Facility Characterization


    Chapter 3. Designing Security and Working with Architects

    Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design

    CPTED Planning and Design Review2

    Physical Security Systems

    Glossary of Terms*

    Chapter 4. Designing Crime Risk Management Systems

    Understanding Crime Risk Management

    Who is the Manager?

    The Place Manager–Practitioner Relationship

    Crime Pattern Analysis

    Conducting the Security Survey

    Determination of Probable Maximum Loss

    Making Recommendations to Place Managers


    Chapter 5. Approaches to Physical Security

    Levels of Physical Security

    The Value of Planning

    Physical Barriers

    The Security Plan


    Chapter 6. Security Surveys and the Audit

    The Best Time to Conduct the Survey

    Why Conduct a Security Review

    Classification of Survey Recommendations

    Developing Security Points

    Nine Points of Security Concern

    Personality of the Complex

    Positive and Negative Aspects of making Recommendations

    Crime Analysis

    Key Control

    Digital Closed-Circuit Television

    Intrusion Alarms

    Lighting and Security

    Other Security Aspects

    Security Survey Follow-Up

    Residential Security

    Home Security Checklist

    Top Ten Security Threats

    The Audit

    Appendix 6.A Site Survey and Risk Assessment*

    Appendix 6.B Physical Security Survey*

    Appendix 6.C Plant Security Checklist*

    Appendix 6.D Security Officers Checklist*

    Appendix 6.E Office Security Checklist

    Appendix 6.F Home Security Checklist*

    Appendix 6.G Fire Safety Inspection

    Appendix 6.H Bullet-Resistant Glazing for a Secure Workplace

    Appendix 6.I Window Film

    Chapter 7. CPTED in the Twenty-First Century

    The Transition to the Future of CPTED

    CPTED in the New Millennium

    CPTED Applications

    Objectives for Commercial Environment

    Downtown Streets and Pedestrian Areas

    The Three-D Approach

    Crime Prevention Through Environmental Design2

    Defensible Space

    Crime-Prevention Model

    The Environmental Influence on Criminal Behavior

    Chapter 8. Environmental Criminology and Crime Control


    Twenty-Five Techniques of Situational CRIME Prevention

    Four Components of Situational Crime Prevention, Part II


    Chapter 9. Problem Solving — Community Policing

    What is a Problem?

    What is Community Policing?

    The Sara Problem-Solving Model

    Chapter 10. Neighborhood Watch Guidelines for the Twenty-First Century


    Ten Secrets of Neighborhood Watch

    The Practitioner

    Safety Checklist for Apartments

    Robbery Prevention — Tips for Small Business

    Burglary Prevention — Tips for Small Business

    Suspicious Situations to Report

    Vehicle Theft — A Big Problem

    Safety Skills for Children

    Street Smarts — How to Protect Yourself

    The Con Artist

    Crime Prevention Tips for Senior Citizens

    Take Action — Stop the Violence

    Protection from Telemarketing Fraud

    Crime Prevention Tips At ATMs

    Chapter 11. Situational Crime Prevention and Opportunity Blocking


    Opportunity Blocking

    Sixteen Techniques of Situational Crime Prevention in Public Housing

    Crime Control Strategy and Tactics

    Chapter 12. Design and Evaluation of Physical Protection Systems

    Safety Versus Security


    Process Overview

    Physical Protection System Design

    PPS Functions

    Design Goals

    Design Criteria


    Physical Protection System Design and the Relationship to Risk


    Chapter 13. Planning, Management, and Evaluation

    The Concepts Defined

    Statistical Information: The Backbone for Design of a Prevention Program

    Crime Statistics

    Demographic Data

    Efficiency Analysis: Measuring Activity

    Effectiveness Analysis: Measuring Program Impact

    Attitudinal Analysis: Gathering Opinions on the Program Impact

    A Strategy to Facilitate Implementation of the Evaluation

    Chapter 14. Crime Analysis


    Don’t be Discouraged by the Displacement Doomsters

    Pay Attention to Daily and Weekly Rhythms

    Identify Risky Facilities

    Chapter 15. Standards, Regulations and Guidelines





    Managing Compliance


    PART II. Security Operations, Tools, and Technology

    Chapter 16. Access Control, Access Badges, and Biometrics Characteristics

    Access Control

    Designated Restricted Areas

    Degree of Security


    Employee Screening

    Identification System

    ID Methods

    Mechanized/Automated Systems

    Card/Badge Specifications

    Visitor Identification and Control


    Enforcement Measures

    Sign/Countersign and Code Word

    Duress Code

    Access-Control Rosters

    Methods of Control

    Security Controls of Packages, Personal Property, and Vehicles

    Tactical-Environment Considerations

    Biometrics Characteristics2

    Chapter 17. Alarms

    Components of Alarm Systems


    Alarm Equipment Overhaul

    Additional Resources


    Glossary for Alarm Systems*

    Appendix 17.A Smoke Detectors

    Appendix 17.B Alarm Certificate Services Glossary of Terms Certificate Types*

    Appendix 17.C Fire Classifications

    Chapter 18. Video Technology Overview


    The Video System

    The Camera Function

    Scene Illumination

    Scene Characteristics





    Quads and Multiplexers



    Hard-Copy Video Printers

    Ancillary Equipment


    Glossary for CCTV

    Chapter 19. Security Lighting



    Twenty-Five Things you Need to Know About Lighting7

    Energy Management

    Lighting Definitions

    Web Sites

    Appendix 19.A Lighting Description

    Chapter 20. Information Technology Systems Infrastructure


    Basics of TCP/IP and Signal Communications


    User Datagram Protocol

    Networking Devices

    Network Infrastructure Devices


    Network Architecture

    Network Configurations

    Creating Network Efficiencies

    Digital Video

    Digital Resolution

    Frame Rates

    Display Issues

    Managing Data Systems Throughput

    System Architecture

    Interfacing to other Enterprise Information Technology Systems


    Chapter 21. Information Security


    Three Basic Categories of Information

    Determining the Value of Information

    Case Study — A Process for Determining Information Value

    The Protection of Automated Information and High-Technology Equipment

    IAPS Organization Responsibilities

    IAPS Management Job Description

    IAPS Staff Job Descriptions

    Information Assurance and Protection Program (IAPP)


    Chapter 22. Protective Barriers


    Perimeter Entrances

    Barrier Planning

    Fence Standards

    Types of Security Fences


    Chapter 23. Physical Barriers





    Walls and Moats

    Chapter 24. Fence Standards


    Security Planning

    Material Specifications

    Design Features and Considerations

    Typical Design Example

    Chapter 25. The Use of Locks in Physical Crime Prevention

    Lock Terminology and Components

    Key-Operated Mechanisms

    Combination Locks

    Lock Bodies

    Door Lock Types


    Attacks and Countermeasures

    Locks and the Systems Approach to Security

    Appendix 25.A Key Control*

    Appendix 25.B Key Control and Lock Security Checklist*

    Appendix 25.C Terms and Definitions for Door and Window Security*

    Chapter 26. Safes, Vaults, and Accessories

    Choose The Right Container

    UL-Rated Combination Locks

    Relocking Devices

    Locking Dials

    Lockable Handles

    Time Locks

    Time-Delay Combination Locks

    Alarmed Combination Locks

    Vision-Restricting and Shielded Dials

    Combination Changing

    Safe Burglaries

    Overcoming Safe-Opening Problems

    Appendix 26.A Rating Files, Safes, and Vaults*

    Chapter 27. Guard Service in the Twenty-First Century

    Liabilities Connected with a Security Force

    Power and Authority of the Security Guard


    Report Writing

    Weapons Safety


    Bomb Threats

    Bomb Search

    Fire Protection

    Fire Prevention

    Emergency Medical Assistance

    Reporting a Medical Case

    Security Officer Supervision

    Techniques for Setting the Example

    Expanded Security Officer Training Program

    Determining Adequate Levels of Security Staffing


    Chapter 28. Internal Theft Controls


    What is Honesty?

    The Dishonest Employee

    Program for Internal Security

    Procedural Controls

    When Controls Fail

    Case Study


    Chapter 29. Bomb Threats and Physical Security Planning


    Bomb Threats

    Why Prepare?

    How to Prepare

    Security Against Bomb Incidents

    Responding to Bomb Threats

    Decision Time


    Search Teams

    When a Suspicious Object is Located

    Handling The News Media


    Appendix 29.A Suspect Package Alert*

    Appendix 29.B Bomb Threat Checklist*

    Appendix 29.C Mail Handlers and Suspicious Mail Procedures

    Chapter 30. Perspectives on Safe School Administration

    Emphasize Crime and Deviance Prevention during Teacher Education

    Maintain a Sense of Ownership in School Grounds and the Surrounding Neighborhood

    Conduct Periodic Risk Assessments or Security Surveys and Audits

    Clearly State Rules and Regulations

    Conduct a Crime and Deviance Analysis

    Develop an Incident Mapping System

    Utilize Parent Volunteers as Monitors and Student Aides

    Institute After-School Programs

    Security Considerations should be Incorporated from the “Ground Up”

    Establish In-Class Communication between Teachers and Administration

    Institute a Safety and Security Committee

    Value the Contributions of Custodial Personnel

    Train Personnel in Graffiti Interpretation

    Schools need Central Office Support

    Value Aesthetics

    Foster Students’ Beliefs they are connected to the School

    Do not Use Student Monitors

    The “Combustible Engine” Model of School Communities

    Create a Crisis Management Plan

    Train Personnel in Conflict Resolution

    Implement Character Education Curricula

    Create Law-Related Education Modules to be Incorporated in Social Studies Courses

    Establish “Communities within Schools”

    Avoid Peer-Group Counseling

    Anti-Bullying Efforts

    Chapter 31. Campus Security and Crime Prevention


    Key Elements in a Campus Crime Prevention Program


    Cycle of Activity

    Specific Programs

    The Campus Security Act of 1990

    Neighborhood Watch on the College Campus

    Information, Notification, and Emergency Communication

    Thefts in the Library

    Bicycle Theft Prevention

    Administration Office Security Programs

    Operation Identification

    Intrusion Alarms



    Chapter 32. Domestic Violence

    What is Domestic Violence?

    Who are the Victims?

    Why Abusers Abuse

    What we do Know

    Law Enforcement Response

    Options for Protection

    Government Involvement


    Chapter 33. Proprietary Information


    Data Protection


    Chapter 34. Identity Theft

    Identity Theft1

    Understanding your Local Problem2

    Understanding your Local Problem3

    Executive Summary4 Federal Trade Commission — 2004 National and State Trends in Fraud and Identity Theft

    Chapter 35. Retail Security-Employee Theft


    Cash Refund Fraud

    Fraud Refunds to Third-Party Credit Cards

    Fraud Refunds to House Credit Cards

    Fraud Refunds for Store Credit

    Fraud Voids

    Stolen Credit Cards

    Chapter 36. High-Rise Security


    Occupancy Characteristics

    Assets, Threats, Vulnerabilities, and Countermeasures

    Security Programs

    Emergency Planning


    Key Terms

    Additional Reading

    Chapter 37. Multi-Residential Security



    Levels of Security


    Physical Security and Hardware


    The Elderly

    Some Special Areas of Vulnerability



    Basic Steps to Remember in Multi-Residential Security

    Chapter 38. Lodging Hospitality Security

    Security Department Structure

    Size of the Department

    Reporting Level in the Organization

    Role of Security



    Opportunities and Trends

    Legal Issues

    The Future of Lodging Security

    Chapter 39. Computer and Transportation Systems Security

    Security is Flawed


    Chapter 40. The Security Professional, Terrorism, Bioterrorism, and the Next Level

    The Security Professional and Terrorism

    Terrorism and the Terrorist

    Understanding Terrorism

    Terrorist Groups and Organizational Structure

    Mechanism of Violence and Associated Risk Factors

    Assessing Threats from Terrorism and Developing Effective Countermeasures

    The Security Manager’s Responsibilities


    Chapter 41. Contingency Planning


    Contingency Planning Program

    Emergency Response Planning

    Crisis Management

    Business Continuity Planning


    Chapter 42. Emergency Preparedness — Planning and Management

    Basics of Emergency Planning

    Primary Man-Made Emergency Events

    Accidental and Natural Emergency Events

    General Administrative and Operational Issues


    Glossary of Terms for Emergency Preparedness*

    Chapter 43. Broadband Industry Fraud

    A Case Study Overview

    Chapter 44. Cargo Security

    Prevention Plan



    Organized Crime

    Cargo Package and Movement Controls

    Trucking Operations

    Appendix 44.A Cargo Security Checklist

    Appendix 44.B Personnel Security Checklist

    Appendix 44.C Physical Security Checklist

    Appendix 44.D Inspection Report Forms

    Appendix 44.E Documentation

    Appendix 44.F The Role of Private Security1

    Chapter 45. Corporate Policy and Procedures

    Hotel Employee Manual

    Security Department Manual



Product details

  • No. of pages: 632
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Butterworth-Heinemann 2012
  • Published: January 27, 2012
  • Imprint: Butterworth-Heinemann
  • Hardcover ISBN: 9780123852465
  • eBook ISBN: 9780123852496

About the Author

Lawrence Fennelly

Lawrence J. Fennelly is an internationally recognized authority on crime prevention, security planning and analysis, and on the study of how environmental factors (CPTED), physical hardware, alarms, lighting, site design, management practices, litigation consultants, security policies and procedures, and guard management contribute to criminal victimization.

Mr. Fennelly was previously employed with Apollo Security, Computershare, Inc., as well as a sergeant at Harvard College, employed by the Harvard University Police Department in Cambridge, Massachusetts. He was trained as a crime prevention specialist and served in this capacity for over 21 years at Harvard. He was also the department’s training officer and assistant court officer. As part of his role as an officer at Harvard, Larry also was a deputy sheriff in both Suffolk and Middlesex counties (Massachusetts). Mr. Fennelly is a frequent speaker and lecturer on CPTED, physical security, school crime, and other issues. He serves as an expert witness who works closely with attorneys in defense as well as plaintiff cases, assisting in case preparation, offering knowledgeable questions to ask the opposing side, etc. He has also done a considerable amount of consultant work throughout the United States. His experience ranges from identifying vulnerabilities to conducting security and lighting surveys, working with architects to design and implement security, and developing long range guard training programs and risk assessments of various facilities. He is also a prolific author. His titles include such well-known security books as "Crime Prevention Through Environmental Design," "Effective Physical Security," and "Handbook of Loss Prevention and Crime Prevention."

Affiliations and Expertise

Expert witness and consultant in security, Litigation Consultants Inc., Massachusetts, USA

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  • KennethWright Thu Oct 31 2019

    Very well written/organized. Worth having!!

    Very well written/organized. Worth having!!