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Handbook of Leak, Spill and Accidental Release Prevention Techniques - 1st Edition - ISBN: 9780815512967

Handbook of Leak, Spill and Accidental Release Prevention Techniques

1st Edition

Editor: Robert Noyes
Author: Robert Noyes
Hardcover ISBN: 9780815512967
Imprint: William Andrew
Published Date: 31st December 1992
Page Count: 511
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Provides technical guidance to prevent leaks, spills, or other accidental releases of hazardous substances from fixed facilities.


Industrial hygienists and safety engineers throughout industry.

Table of Contents

  1. Regulations and Codes
    1.1 Federal Regulations
    1.2 Technical Codes
    1.3 National Codes and Standards
    2. Process Hazards Controls
    2.1 Control Characteristics of the Process
    2.2 Flow Measurement and Control
    2.3 Pressure Control
    2.4 Temperature Control
    2.5 Quantity Control
    2.6 Mixing
    2.7 Composition Control
    3. Equipment Hazards Control
    3.1 Materials of Construction
    3.2 General Equipment Failure Modes
    3.3 Vessels
    3.4 Piping, Fittings, and Valves
    3.5 Process Machinery
    3.6 Instrumentation and Control
    4. Secondary Containment Controls
    4.1 Flares
    4.2 Scrubbers
    4.3 Enclosures (Equipment and Vessels)
    4.4 Piping Enclosures
    4.5 Container Storage
    5. Aboveground Storage Tanks
    5.1 Tank Construction
    5.2 Types of Storage Tanks
    5.3 Selection of Tank Type
    5.4 Tank Materials
    5.5 Tank Design Criteria
    5.6 Drainage Control
    5.7 Causes of Releases
    5.8 Corrosion Control
    5.9 Secondary Containment
    5.10 Tank Monitoring
    5.11 Overfill Protection
    5.12 Volatile Organic Compounds Emissions
    5.13 RCRA Regulations for Storage of Hazardous Wastes
    5.14 Standards of Performance for Volatile Organix Liquid Storage Vessels
    6. Underground Storage Tanks
    6.1 Regulations
    6.2 Causes of Release
    6.3 Systems Description
    6.4 Installation
    6.5 Preventing System Failures
    6.6 Overfill Prevention
    6.7 Vapor Recovery Systems
    6.8 Leak Protection
    6.9 Corrosion Control
    6.10 Internal Inspection
    7. Material Transfer/Loading/Unloading
    7.1 Process Materials/Equipment
    7.2 Instrumentation
    7.3 Venting
    7.4 Piping
    7.5 Valving
    7.6 Tank Truck Loading/Unloading
    7.7 Railroad Tank Car Loading/Unloading
    7.8 Marine Loading/Unloading
    7.9 Solids Unloading/Transfer/Loading/Packaging
    7.10 Transportation Pipelines
    8. Dust Control
    8.1 Exhaust Hoods
    8.2 Ductwork
    8.3 Wet Dust Suppresion Systems
    8.4 Airborne Dust Capture Systems
    8.5 Dust Collectors
    8.6 Disposal of Collected Dust
    8.7 Explosion Prevention
    8.8 Fugitive Dust from Waste Piles
    9. Wastewater Emissions Control
    9.1 Wastewater Collection and Treatment
    9.2 Organic Compound Removal from the Liquid Phase
    9.3 Direct Contact Wastewater
    9.4 Indirect Contact Wastewater
    9.5 Sources of Air Emissions
    9.6 Collection System Controls
    9.7 Surface Impoundments
    9.8 Treatment, Storage and Disposal Facilities
    10. Facility Spill and Leak Prevention Tactics
    10.1 Spill and Leak Prevention Organization
    10.2 Risk Identification and Assessment
    10.3 Materials Compatibility
    10.4 Reporting and Record Keeping
    10.5 Good Housekeepiing
    10.6 Preventive Maintenance
    10.7 Security
    10.8 Employee Training
    10.9 Operator Training
    10.10 Operating and Maintenance Manuals
    10.11 Substitutes for Hazardous Materials
    10.12 Reduction of Toxic Material Inventories
    10.13 Education and Certification
    10.14 Community Awareness Programs
    10.15 Emergency Response Plan
    10.16 Vapor Disperson Modeling
    11. Plant Siting and Equipment Layout
    11.1 Siting
    11.2 Layout
    11.3 Storage Layout Consideration
    11.4 Miscellaneous Design Considerations
    11.5 Designing for Post-Release Mitigation
    12. Detection and Warning Systems
    12.1 Detectors and Systems
    12.2 Design
    12.3 Considerations
    13. Monitoring VOC Emissions
    13.1 Portable VOC Detection Devices
    13.2 Other Detection Devices
    13.3 Method 21- Determination of VOC Leaks from Process Equipment
    13.4 Ambient Air Modeling
    14. Estimating Emissions of VOCs and VHAPs from Equipment Leaks
    14.1 Development of Emission Estimates
    15. Prevention Techniques for Selected Major Toxic Chemicals


No. of pages:
© William Andrew 1992
31st December 1992
William Andrew
Hardcover ISBN:

About the Editor

Robert Noyes

Affiliations and Expertise

Noyes Publications

About the Author

Robert Noyes

Affiliations and Expertise

Noyes Publications

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