Handbook of Hydrothermal Technology

Handbook of Hydrothermal Technology

1st Edition - February 1, 2001

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  • Authors: K. Byrappa, Masahiro Yoshimura
  • eBook ISBN: 9780815517542

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Description

Quartz, zeolites, gemstones, perovskite type oxides, ferrite, carbon allotropes, complex coordinated compounds and many moreùall products now being produced using hydrothermal technology. Handbook of Hydrothermal Technology brings together the latest techniques in this rapidly advancing field in one exceptionally useful, long-needed volume. The handbook provides a single source for understanding how aqueous solvents or mineralizers work under temperature and pressure to dissolve and recrystallize normally insoluble materials, and decompose or recycle any waste material. The result, as the authors show in the book, is technologically the most efficient method in crystal growth, materials processing, and waste treatment. The book gives scientists and technologists an overview of the entire subject including:ò Evolution of the technology from geology to widespread industrial use.ò Descriptions of equipment used in the process and how it works.ò Problems involved with the growth of crystals, processing of technological materials, environmental and safety issues.ò Analysis of the direction of today's technology.In addition, readers get a close look at the hydrothermal synthesis of zeolites, fluorides, sulfides, tungstates, and molybdates, as well as native elements and simple oxides. Delving into the commercial production of various types, the authors clarify the effects of temperature, pressure, solvents, and various other chemical components on the hydrothermal processes.

Readership

Scientists and technologists concerned with the research and application of hydrothermal technology and crystal growth.

Table of Contents

  • Hydrothermal Technology: Principles and Applications
    Introduction
    Definition
    Mineralizers
    Natural Hydrothermal Systems
    Behavior of Volatiles and Other Incompatible Components
    Submarine Hydrothermal Systems
    Hydrothermal Crystal Growth and Materials Processing
    Statistics in Plucations and Research in Hydrothermal Technology
    Hydrothermal Materials Processing
    References
    History of Hydrothermal Technology
    Introduction
    References
    Apparatus
    Introduction
    Selection of Autoclave and Autoclave Materials
    Liners
    Temperature and Pressure Measurements
    Autoclaves and Autoclave Designs
    Safety and Maintenance of Autoclaves
    References
    Physical Chemistry of Hydrothermal Growth of Crystals
    Introduction
    Basic Principles of Phase Formation under Hydrothermal Conditions
    Solutions, Solubility and Kinetics of Crystallization
    Thermodynamic Principles of Solubility
    Kinetics of Crystallization under Hydrothermal Technology
    References
    Hydrothermal Growth of Some Selected Crystals
    Quartz
    Growth of High Quality (and Dislocation Free) Quartz Crystals
    Berlinite
    Gallium Phosphate
    Potassium Titanyl Phosphate
    Potassium Titanyl Arsenate
    Calcite
    Hydroxyapatite
    References
    Hydrothermal Synthesis of Zeolites
    Introduction
    Mineralogy of Zeolites
    Crystal Chemistry of Zeolites
    Comparison between Natural and Synthetic Zeolites
    Synthesis of Zeolites
    Crystal Growth
    Aluminophosphate Zeolites
    Growth of Zeolite Thin Films at Inorganic/Organic Interfaces
    Applications of Zeolites
    Oxidative Catalysis in Zeolites
    References
    Hydrothermal Synthesis of Complex Coordinated Crystals (Part 1)
    Introduction
    Crystal Chemical Background
    Rare Earth Silicates
    Phase Formation of Rare Earth Silicates (in Aqueous Solvents)
    Crystal Chemical Significance of Phase Formation
    Degree of Silification
    Properties of Rare Earth Silicates
    Sodium Zirconate Silicates
    Growth of Selected Silicates
    Hydrothermal Growth of Lithium Silicates
    Hydrothermal Growth of Germanates
    Properties of Germanates
    Hydrothermal Growth of Phosphates
    Hydrothermal Growth of Mixed Valent Metal Phosphates
    Properties of Rare Earth and Mixed Valent Metal Phosphates
    Hydrothermal Synthesis of Vanadates
    Hydrothermal Synthesis of Borates
    References
    Hydrothermal Synthesis and Crystal Growth of Fluorides, Sulfides, Tungstates, Molybdates and Related Compounds
    Introduction
    Fluorides
    Hydrothermal Synthesis of Transition Metal Fluorides
    Hydrothermal Synthesis of Fluorocarbonates and Fluorophosphates
    Oxyfluorinated Compounds
    Physical Properties of Transition Metal Fluorides and Fluorocarbonates, Fluorophosphates, and Oxyfluorides
    Hydrothermal Synthesis of Tungstates
    Hydrothermal Synthesis of Molybdates
    Hydrothermal Synthesis of Titanates
    Hydrothermal Growth of Lithium Metagallate Crystals
    Hydrothermal Synthesis of Sulphides
    Hydrothermal Synthesis of Selenides, Tellurides, Niobates and Tantalates
    Hydrothermal Synthesis of Arsenates
    References
    Hydrothermal Synthesis of Native Elements and Simple Oxides
    Introduction
    Hydrothermal Synthesis of Native Elements
    Hydrothermal Synthesis of Hydroxides
    Hydrothermal Synthesis of Selected Oxides
    Hydrothermal Growth of Tellurium Dioxide
    Hydrothermal Synthesis of Ti02 and Related Oxide Powders
    Hydrothermal Synthesis of Mixed Oxides
    References
    Hydrothermal Processing of Materials
    Introduction
    Hydrothermal Preparation of Advanced Ceramics
    Hydrothermal Processing of Whisker Crystals
    Related Methods of Hydrothermal Processing of Materials
    Hydrothermal Technology of the 21st Century

Product details

  • No. of pages: 893
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © William Andrew 2001
  • Published: February 1, 2001
  • Imprint: William Andrew
  • eBook ISBN: 9780815517542

About the Authors

K. Byrappa

Dr. K Byrappa is a Professor at the University of Mysore in India. He specializes in hydrothermal te

Affiliations and Expertise

University of Mysore, India

Masahiro Yoshimura

Affiliations and Expertise

Tokyo Institute of Technology, Japan

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