Description

Quartz, zeolites, gemstones, perovskite type oxides, ferrite, carbon allotropes, complex coordinated compounds and many moreùall products now being produced using hydrothermal technology. Handbook of Hydrothermal Technology brings together the latest techniques in this rapidly advancing field in one exceptionally useful, long-needed volume. The handbook provides a single source for understanding how aqueous solvents or mineralizers work under temperature and pressure to dissolve and recrystallize normally insoluble materials, and decompose or recycle any waste material. The result, as the authors show in the book, is technologically the most efficient method in crystal growth, materials processing, and waste treatment. The book gives scientists and technologists an overview of the entire subject including: ò Evolution of the technology from geology to widespread industrial use. ò Descriptions of equipment used in the process and how it works. ò Problems involved with the growth of crystals, processing of technological materials, environmental and safety issues. ò Analysis of the direction of today's technology. In addition, readers get a close look at the hydrothermal synthesis of zeolites, fluorides, sulfides, tungstates, and molybdates, as well as native elements and simple oxides. Delving into the commercial production of various types, the authors clarify the effects of temperature, pressure, solvents, and various other chemical components on the hydrothermal processes.

Readership

Scientists and technologists concerned with the research and application of hydrothermal technology and crystal growth.

Table of Contents

Hydrothermal Technology: Principles and Applications Introduction Definition Mineralizers Natural Hydrothermal Systems Behavior of Volatiles and Other Incompatible Components Submarine Hydrothermal Systems Hydrothermal Crystal Growth and Materials Processing Statistics in Plucations and Research in Hydrothermal Technology Hydrothermal Materials Processing References History of Hydrothermal Technology Introduction References Apparatus Introduction Selection of Autoclave and Autoclave Materials Liners Temperature and Pressure Measurements Autoclaves and Autoclave Designs Safety and Maintenance of Autoclaves References Physical Chemistry of Hydrothermal Growth of Crystals Introduction Basic Principles of Phase Formation under Hydrothermal Conditions Solutions, Solubility and Kinetics of Crystallization Thermodynamic Principles of Solubility Kinetics of Crystallization under Hydrothermal Technology References Hydrothermal Growth of Some Selected Crystals Quartz Growth of High Quality (and Dislocation Free) Quartz Crystals Berlinite Gallium Phosphate Potassium Titanyl Phosphate Potassium Titanyl Arsenate Calcite Hydroxyapatite References Hydrothermal Synthesis of Zeolites Introduction Mineralogy of Zeolites Crystal Chemistry of Zeolites Comparison between Natural and Synthetic Zeolites Synthesis of Zeolites Crystal Growth<

Details

No. of pages:
893
Language:
English
Copyright:
© 2001
Published:
Imprint:
William Andrew
eBook ISBN:
9780815517542
Print ISBN:
9780815514459

About the authors

K. Byrappa

Dr. K Byrappa is a Professor at the University of Mysore in India. He specializes in hydrothermal te

Affiliations and Expertise

University of Mysore, India

Masahiro Yoshimura

Affiliations and Expertise

Tokyo Institute of Technology, Japan