Handbook of florescence spectra of Aromatic Molecules

Handbook of florescence spectra of Aromatic Molecules

2nd Edition - September 28, 1971

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  • Author: Isadore Berlman
  • eBook ISBN: 9780323161671

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Handbook of Fluorescence Spectra of Aromatic Molecules, Second Edition describes the fluorescence and absorption spectra of about 200 aromatic compounds, most of which fall into the following classes: p-oligophenylenes, indole derivatives, fluoranthene derivatives, napthalene derivatives, biphenyl derivatives, and biological stains. Experiments with lasers and their relevance to fluorescence studies are included. This handbook is comprised of seven chapters and begins with a historical overview of research into the fluorescence characteristics of compounds, the methods and equipment used to measure fluorescence, and elementary considerations concerning luminescence. The format for the presentation of data pertaining to each compound covered in this text is described, together with the equipment for exciting, detecting, and recording the spectrum of the emitted radiation. The discussion then turns to the free electron model and presents general information on concepts such as chromophores, planar and nonplanar molecules, effects of planarity on fluorescence, solvent and concentration effects, and polarization. The following chapters focus on compounds such as benzene and polycyclic hydrocarbons as well as some uses of fluorescent compounds. This monograph will be of interest to organic chemists and physicists.

Table of Contents

  • Preface to Second Edition

    Preface to First Edition

    1. Introduction

    1.1 Preliminary Remarks

    1.2 Historical Development

    a. Compounds

    b. Methods and Processes

    c. Equipment

    1.3 Elementary Considerations

    a. Luminescence—The Many Modes of Excitation

    b. Excitation of Electronic States and Attendant Processes

    c. Definitions

    1.4 Data Presentation

    a. Graphs

    b. Natural Fluorescence Lifetime

    c. Quantum Yield

    d. Additional Information

    e. Error Estimation

    1.5 Materials

    a. Purity Considerations

    b. Photochemical Effects and Molecules Omitted

    1.6 Equipment

    2. The Free Electron Model

    2.1 General

    2.2 lLa and lLb States

    2.3 Phosphorescence and the 3La State

    2.4 The 4n + 2 Rule of Aromaticity

    3. General Information

    3.1 Chromophores

    3.2 Planar and Nonplanar Molecules

    a. Steric Hindrance

    b. Effects of Planarity on Fluorescence

    c. Rigidity of Molecules

    d. A Spectroscopic "Straightedge"

    3.3 Solvent Effects

    3.4 Concentration Effects

    3.5 Stokes Loss

    3.6 L0/L Ratios

    3.7 Hidden Transitions and Submerged Bands

    3.8 Polarization

    3.9 FWRE Values

    4. Compounds

    4.1 General Information

    4.2 Benzene

    a. General

    b. Effect of Substituents on the Aromatic Ring

    4.3 Intermediate Compounds

    a. Naphthalene

    b. Biphenyl

    4.4 Polycyclic Hydrocarbons

    a. Catacondensed Aromatics

    b. Pericondensed Systems

    c. p- and m-Oligophenylenes

    4.5 Heterocyclics and Five-Membered Rings

    a. General

    b. Indoles

    c. Oxazoles, Oxadiazoles, and Furan Derivatives

    d. Biological Stains

    4.6 Ring-Chain Systems

    a. General

    b. Photoisomerism

    4.7 Nonalternants

    a. General

    b. Fluoranthene and Its Derivatives

    c. Azulene and Its Derivatives

    5. Uses of Fluorescent Compounds

    5.1 Scintillation Solutions

    a. General

    b. Fast-Coincidence Experiments

    c. Neutron Detection

    5.2 Lasers Experiments

    a. General

    b. Intermolecular Interactions at High Excitation Intensities

    c. Holograms and Luminescent Materials


    6. Graphs

    7. Appendix

    7.1 R0, C0, and Overlap Integral Data

    7.2 Index of Refraction of Cyclohexane versus Wave Number

    7.3 Oscillator Strength (f) and Natural Fluorescence Lifetime (τ0)

    7.4 Phosphorescence Data

    7.5 Spectral Width Data

    7.6 Selected Bibliographies

    Name Index of Spectra

    Formula Index of Spectra

Product details

  • No. of pages: 488
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Academic Press 1971
  • Published: September 28, 1971
  • Imprint: Academic Press
  • eBook ISBN: 9780323161671

About the Author

Isadore Berlman

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